Physical condition of the roll

The roll consists of forty-one membranes. There are entries on all of the faces, but only on seven of the dorses (membranes 40d, 36d, 31d, 22d, 19d, 12d and 7d). The roll is generally in good condition.

C 61/60 22 Edward III (1348-49)

Introduction.

This long roll deals mainly with the consequences of the two successful expeditions of Henry of Grosmont, earl of Lancaster, in 1345 and 1346, which had much extended the area of English control especially to the east and north. 1 The earl had returned to England early in 1347. There was therefore no longer a royal lieutenant in the duchy during the period of this roll. In March 1347 Thomas Cok had been appointed seneschal replacing Ralph, Lord Stafford. Cok remained in office until the summer of 1349. The Black Death was taking its toll in Aquitaine during the year of the roll but its effects are to be found in the roll for 1350-1 (24 Edward III).

Several entries in this present roll concern the town of Aiguillon in the Agenais which had submitted to Lancaster in his 1345 campaign and which resisted the siege laid by the duke of Normandy (the future King John II of France) between April and August 1346. Many grants were made rewarding the staunch resistance in keeping this town in the English obedience. First of all, there were grants giving economic advantage such as those permitting the inhabitants of Aiguillon to sell at Bordeaux without taxes their wines growing within one league of their town, 2 , an exemption for a citizen of Aiguillon from paying taxes for 100 tuns of wine from his own vineyards, 3 the grant of a fair to the inhabitants of the Foussat part of Aiguillon, 4 taxes granted to repair the damaged walls of Aiguillon, 5 and other taxes granted to repair the damaged bridge over the river Lot. 6 The citizens of the Foussat and Lunac parts of Aiguillon were allowed to create one unique fortified enclosure to protect their town. 7 The Carmelites of Aiguillon were allowed to rebuild within the walled town their convent which had been destroyed by a lieutenant of Lancaster in order to protect the town against the French siege. 8 Some local nobles of Aiguillon obtained jurisdiction over places nearby. 9 The co-lords of Aiguillon (Ramfré de Montpezat, Guilhem de Lunac, Gauter du Foussat and Arnaut-Gassie du Foussat) received several grants rewarding their fidelity towards the English party. They obtained sums of money compensating their loss of revenues arising from the building of the bridge over the Lot. 10 Gauter du Foussat had confirmed to him his fishing rights on the rivers Garonne and Lot, as well as his rights on the salt sold at Aiguillon. 11 Ramfré de Montpezat was keen to forbid the creation of a neighbouring bastide (new town) by the Hospitallers, which would have jeopardized the economic potential of Aiguillon, and consequently his own revenues. 12 He was allowed remission from debts he owed to certain persons in the king of France’s allegiance. 13 Similarly, and even more outrageously, Arnaut-Gassie du Foussat and Gauter du Foussat managed to recover possession of a toll on the wine passing on the rivers Garonne and Lot they had previously formerly sold to inhabitants of Port-Sainte-Marie who were then in the French party. 14

Other entries concern Saint-Jean-d’Angély, the main town taken by Lancaster during his 1346 expedition. Several entries relate to victuals which had been sent from England to this town given that it was surrounded by French-held towns. 15 Though a Gascon was appointed prévôt of this town, 16 and another Gascon obtained its writing office, 17 , the large garrison in the town 18 included several Englishmen, some of them obtaining goods which had been seized from local men who had remained in the French party. 19

In terms of size, the second town of Saintonge which had submitted to Lancaster in 1346 was Soubise. The burgess of Bordeaux, Pey Béguey of la Rousselle, was appointed castellan there for life. 20 The inhabitants of Soubise were allowed to levy for ten years a toll on wine passing down the river Charente in order to repair their walled enclosure which had been damaged during the war and by lack of repairs. 21 Several entries deal with the canons of the collegiate church Saint-Pierre of Soubise who were clearly the dominant power in the town. Their liberties and privileges were confirmed, 22 their revenues were returned to them despite the fact their prior was absent from Soubise and in the French obedience, 23 and they were to receive payment from local men who, under the pretext of war, had not paid the tithes they owed to them. 24 Edward III appointed one of their canons (Guillaume Godin) as one of his councillors of his council of Saintonge. 25 This latter obtained from the king an order that his debtors should all settle their debts with him. 26

Tonnay-Charente, another town of Saintonge which submitted to Lancaster in 1346, had its liberties confirmed, 27 and was united with the crown of England. 28 Victuals were brought by William Pistor, a merchant of Shrewsbury, who was also a member of its garrison who received goods which belonged to locals in the French party. 29

The other great gain of the 1346 expedition was the important castle of Lusignan (Poitou). Its first castellan was the Gascon Arnaut de Miramon, 30 but he was later replaced by Bertran de Montferrand, a more prominent individual, 31 following an indenture made between the latter and the king. 32

Several entries are concerned with the voyage of Joan of the Tower, the daughter of Edward III who was scheduled to marry the heir of the king of Castile, but who died of plague after she arrived in Gascony in 1348. As the roll shows, English ships were requisitioned for her journey towards Gascony. 33 Archers were assembled to escort and protect her during this journey. 34 Cloth had also to be sent to Joan for her clothing. 35

Some entries are concerned with the war with France, such as that explaining that the mayor of Bordeaux Reynold de Bixley had built a castle in Saintonge, 36 and that about a castle of the bishop of Cahors occupied by ‘English’ routiers which was to be evacuated following a settlement. 37 The lord of Budos was looking for compensation for the loss of one of his two castles which was situated deep into the French area. 38 Merchants of Nottingham had been made prisoners in Agenais by the lord of Caumont, then in the French party. 39 The noble mercenary Aymar de Beauvoir (from Dauphiné) who fought for Edward III for years was received as the king’s liege man, 40 obtaining several revenues and lands for his payment. 41 Alixandre de Caumont, who fought for the English party at the siege of Aiguillon of 1346, was taken prisoner by the French and had to be ransomed. 42 . He was allowed to transport during the period of war 50,000 tuns of wines coming from the French area, surely in order to repay part of his large ransom. 43 Hélias de Pommiers, an important war leader of the Anglo-Gascon party, was appointed the king’s seneschal for the border areas of Périgord, Quercy and Limousin. 44 He had recently conquered places largely concentrated in North Périgord, quite distant from the traditional ‘English’ South-Western Périgord. 45 It is interesting to note that a burgess of Lalinde, situated in this last area, who previously fought for Edward III for years, had the privilege of being knighted. 46

Edward III was keen to secure the borders of his duchy of Aquitaine through obtaining truces with its neighbours such as the queen of Navarre, 47 the count of Périgord, 48 or the lesser lord of Puybéton in Agenais. 49 As usual, negotiations for truces were also under way with the king of Castile’s representatives, involving largely people from Bayonne. 50

This roll also inform us about private wars or feudal feuds in the duchy. 51 One of the most acute was the conflict between the lord of Pujols Guilhem-Ramon de Madaillan and the family of the lords of Mussidan. Madaillan had been made prisoner by the lords of Mussidan and Curton when he returned from Bordeaux, and then he has been imprisoned in two different places and ransomed to a very high price. 52 The harsh conflict between Arnaut III de Durfort-Frespech and the men of the Labourd province required an inquiry to be ordered by the king. 53 Edward III finally returned Labourd to Durfort, but this order was never implemented due to the opposition of the inhabitants of Labourd. 54

In the long affair between two merchants of London (Walter Turk and John le Clerc) and their two partners of Bordeaux about the trade in hides, we learn that the Bordelais men had fled to Montpellier with the fruit of their larceny. 55

The trustworthy clerk Johan de Guitard junior had been made notary public by Lancaster. His task was to draw up public instruments in the castle of Bordeaux for ships loading wine, since there had been previously many frauds in this area. This key appointment for the king’s revenues in Aquitaine was confirmed by Edward III. 56

The king confirmed a grant of Edward I to the Franciscans of Saint-Macaire, giving them a sum to have a weekly meal. 57 Similarly he granted a weekly sum to the Franciscans of La Réole to permit them to have enough to eat or drink despite their reduced revenues due to the war. 58

Two entries are concerned with trials concerning questaux (serfs) who were contesting their status against the chapters of Saint-André or Saint-Seurin of Bordeaux. 59 Such disputes over status were quite common in this period.

A long trial also concerned the community of Dax against the vicomte of Orthe about jurisdiction over his vicomté. 60

Curiously, several entries deal with a small area called l’Alleu situated between the counties of Artois and Flanders with no connection at all with the duchy of Aquitaine. Its inhabitants had acknowledged Edward III as king of France and had suffered much damage from Valois partisans. These acts were probably copied here because there was at the time no other roll available to copy them. 61

Guilhem Pépin.

1.
See Sumption, Trial by Battle. The Hundred Years War II , p. 35 .
2.
See entry 251 , entry 318 , entry 304 .
3.
See entry 308 .
4.
See entry 301 .
5.
See entry 341 .
6.
See entry 338 .
7.
See entry 303 .
8.
See entry 335 .
9.
See entry 274 , entry 297 .
10.
See entry 299 , entry 326 .
11.
See entry 312 , entry 347 .
12.
See entry 313 .
13.
See entry 336 .
14.
See entry 324 , entry 326 .
15.
entry 63 , entry 64 , entry 65 , entry 66 , entry 67 , entry 88 , entry 165 , entry 190 .
16.
See entry 49 .
17.
entry 164 .
18.
entry 82 , entry 86 .
19.
entry 27 , entry 185 , entry 339 , entry 192 , entry 311 , entry 199 .
20.
See entry 5 .
21.
See entry 263 .
22.
See entry 145 .
23.
See entry 150 .
24.
See entry 219 .
25.
See entry 159 .
26.
See entry 233 .
27.
See entry 186 .
28.
See entry 193 .
29.
See entry 190 , entry 168 .
30.
See entry 38 , entry 40 , .
31.
See entry 58 .
32.
See entry 89 .
33.
entry 9 , entry 13 , entry 34 , entry 35 , entry 51 .
34.
See entry 44 , entry 45 .
35.
entry 273 .
36.
See entry 12 .
37.
See entry 172 , .
38.
See entry 15 .
39.
entry 32 .
40.
entry 104 .
41.
entry 127 , entry 187 .
42.
See entry 253 .
43.
entry 236 .
44.
See entry 241 .
45.
See entry 269 .
46.
See entry 141 .
47.
entry 55 , entry 62 .
48.
entry 33 .
49.
entry 348 .
50.
entry 14 , entry 14.1 , entry 287 , entry 288 .
51.
See entry 156 , entry 292 .
52.
See entry 11 .
53.
entry 111 .
54.
entry 344 .
55.
See entry 81 .
56.
entry 77 , entry 78 , entry 131 .
57.
entry 178 .
58.
See entry 228 .
59.
entry 7 , entry 10 .
60.
entry 37 , entry 56 .
61.
entry 74 , entry 75 , entry 87 , entry 107 .

Membrane 41

Image of membrane 41

Gascon Roll for the twenty-second year of the reign of Edward III in England, and his ninth in France.

For Galhart Assalit.

1

26 January 1348 . Westm' Westminster . 1

Grant for life to Assailly Galhart Assalit, the king's valet , because of this good service to the king and Edward II , of the office or custom of the issac of Bordeaux with the emoluments pertaining to it, as the late Monte Gomeri, de John de Montgommery, kt , held it by the king's grant. Previously the king had granted by his letters patent to Assalit 40 l.st. to be received each year for life from the issues of the duchy of Aquitaine or on the customs of Bordeaux or until the king provided him with this annual sum on a suitable place. But Assalit has supplicated the king to exchange this annuity with the office or custom of the issac and the king is willing to do it as Assalit has returned these letters patent to the king's chancery.

By p.s.

1.
Extractus is written in the margin.
2

Same as above

And it is ordered to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to deliver this office to Galhart Assalit provided he has returned the other letters patent he received on the annuity of 40 l.st. apart from the letters he already returned at the king's chancery.

By p.s.

3

6 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Reynold de Bixley, kt . 1

Order to the sub-mayor, jurats and community of the city of Bordeaux to pay the arrears of the weekly fee of 20 l.bord. of good money given to the mayors of Bordeaux to Byskelee Reynold de Bixley, kt , [current] mayor of Bordeaux , and pay him this weekly fee as long as he is mayor there, and if the issues levied for the mayoralty are not enough they have to levy without delay a tallage ( tallia ) for this purpose. The king has approved and confirmed the letters of Henry [de Grosmont], earl of Lancaster and Derby, then king's lieutenant and general captain in the duchy of Aquitaine and all Languedoc , deciding that the mayors of Bordeaux will receive the weekly fee of 20 l.bord. of good money, paying five Bordelais for one sterling, from the issues of the mayoralty of Bordeaux; and if these issues were not enough to pay this fee, they have to levy a tallage.

By K. and petition of C.

1.
Extractus is written in the margin.
4

8 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Johan Béninet .

Grant to Benyvet Johan Béninet , because of all the debts due to him by the king, of the tour de Broue ( turris de la Broe ) 1 in the Marennes area ( in Marempne ) situated beyond the river Charente ( ultra la Charente ) with its appurtenances which has been in the hands of the king's enemies up to now, to be held in perpetuity by Johan Béninet and his heirs. When it is returned to the king's obedience, he will have to keep it against the king's enemies at time of war without taking anything from the king and his heirs.

By p.s.

1.
Significant remains of the tower or keep of Broue (built in the 11th century) are still existing in the commune of Saint-Sornin (arr. Saintes, dép. Charente-Maritime).

For Pey Béguey of la Rousselle.

5

8 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster . 1

Grant for life to Beguer Pey Béguey of la Russelle la Rousselle of Burdeg' Bordeaux , because of his good service, of all the sums of money due to him by the king for his wages and those of his men, and for all the losses he suffered up to now, of the castle and Soubize castellany of Soubise near La Rochelle with its appurtenances to have and keep. He has to keep them against the king's enemies at time of war to his own expense. The king also grants him for life, because of his past services to him, 500 gold florins to be received each year on the goods of the rebels living within the borders of these castle and castellany, so that at Béguey's death this castle and castellany as well as the goods of these rebels goods return to the king's hands.

By p.s.

1.
It is written extractus in the margin.
6

Same as above

And it is ordered to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to deliver to Pey Béguey these castle and castellany of Soubise and permit him to receive each year 500 gold florins on the goods of the rebels living within the borders of this castle and castellany.

7

9 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Ramon Aumailley of Caudéran, clerk, Guilhem Johan and others .

Power granted together and separately to Master Bertran Compte and Master Petrus Johannes, Briggeraco, de Pey-Johan de Bergerac to proceed on the appeal brought before the seneschal of Gascony, as well as on the main case, and terminate them according to the right and customs of the land, with legitimate power to punish even by force. The king orders them, if any change has been made during these appeals, to return things to their original state. Aumalherii Ramon Aumailley of Caudeirano, de Caudéran, clerk , Johannes Guilhem Johan and certain other inhabitants of the places of Caudeirano, de Caudéran , Boscato, de Le Bouscat and Villa Nova Villenave[-d'Ornon] , the king's tenants, direct subjects of the king's lordship in the duchy of Aquitaine, have complained that, as a cause of appeal had been committed to Feraund' Bertran Ferrand, canon of Nivernen' Nevers , 1 and Amici Johan Lamic, bachelor of laws , 2 who were delegated as commissaries by Henry [of Grosmont], earl of Lancaster , then king's lieutenant and general captain in the duchy of Aquitaine and in Languedoc , in a case on the status of questal 3 existing between the Sanctus Severinus dean, chapter and canons of the church of Saint-Seurin of Bordeaux , plaintiffs, on one hand, and these inhabitants, defendants, on the other, Ferrand and Lamic having unjustly done certain damages ( gravamina ) to these latter at the request of the dean, chapter and canons of Saint-Seurin, so these inhabitants have appealed about these to Thomas Cok , seneschal of Gascony, and thereafter certain of these inhabitants have appealed about this appeal to the king and his royal court of France. 4

By bill of parliament. 5

1.
He was a canon of Nevers and may have lost or resigned this benefice before 1352; he became a canon of Bordeaux before 1355. See Lainé, F., Le diocèse de Bordeaux, Fasti Ecclesiae Gallicanae , 13, (Turnhout, 2012), p.283, no.495.
2.
Possibly the future canon of Bordeaux of this name between 1387 and 1392. See Lainé, F., Le diocèse de Bordeaux, Fasti Ecclesiae Gallicanae , 13, (Turnhout, 2012), p.339, no.290.
3.
In Gascony the questaux (singular questal ) were the equivalent of serfs.
4.
They appealed to Edward III as king of France.
5.
The parliament which took place at Westminster from 14 January to 12 February 1348.
8

6 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning ratification .

22 April 1346 . Burdegala Bordeaux .

Grant for life to Biskelee Reynold Bixley, kt , mayor of Bordeaux , for the several good services he did in Lancaster's retinue in the current war of Gascony and all the hard business he did to save the king's rights, and with the assent of Laurence de Hastings, earl of Pembroke , Manny Walter Mauny ; 1 Ralph de Stafford , seneschal of Gascony, and Bernat[-Etz V d'Albret], Lebreto, de lord of Albret , and all the king's council [in Gascony], of the office of mayor of Bordeaux , any grant to the contrary notwithstanding, receiving there what the other mayors of Bordeaux customarily received in this office. 2

By K. and petition of C.

1.
Wauthier de Masny was his original name in his native Hainaut.
2.
See the related entry: entry in C 61/61 .
9

12 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster Palace . Concerning the keeping and arrest of ships for the voyage of Joan, the king's daughter, towards Gascony .

Order to all the admirals etc. to obey and attend John [Kirkby], Karliol' bishop of Carlisle , and Robert Burgch, kt , the king has appointed to retain and arrest all the ships in places they find convenient for the passage overseas of Joan [of the Tower], the king's daughter .

By K.

10

13 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning safeguard .

Letters of protection granted at the king's pleasure to the inhabitants of the places of Caudeyrano, de Caudéran , Boscato, de Le Bouscat and Villa Nova Villenave[-d'Ornon] , their men, lands, revenues and other rightful possessions. The king orders to all his officers of the duchy of Aquitaine to maintain and protect them in their rightful possessions and defend them from unjust injuries and violence.

By C.

11

12 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Guilhem-Ramon de Madaillan .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony that having heard the complaint of Guilhem-Ramon de Madaillan, he summons before him Guilhem-Amaniu de Mussidan as well as the lords of Curton and Mussidan and others he will feel necessary to summon, and he has to make full justice on the damages and injuries suffered by him, stopping any delay, impediment or frivolous excuse, according to the local right, fors and customs, so that this cause does not return before the king because of the seneschal's default of justice. Madalan' Guilhem-Ramon de Madaillan, Pyuoles lord of Pujols , has complained to the king that formerly, he went to Bordeaux for certain arduous business concerning the king and the status of the duchy of Aquitaine at the order of Ingeham Oliver de Ingham , then seneschal of Gascony, when he had finished this business and returned home, certain men and servants of Musidan Guilhem-Amaniu [II] de Mussidan, kt , 1 and of the lords of Curton and Musidan Mussidan attacked him by armed force and seized him, and they took him from there to the place of Curton where he has been jailed, and from there they took him to the place of Musidan Mussidan , and from this latter place to the place of Gensaco, de Gensac , then he agreed with Guilhem-Amaniu de Mussidan and the other lords to be freed for the sum of 2,000 gold florins, and later a large amount of armed men and servants of Guilhem-Amaniu de Mussidan and of the lords of Curton and Mussidan capture in hostile fashion the Pelagru castle of Pellegrue which had been committed to be kept to Madaillan by Henry [de Grosmont], earl of Lancaster , former king's captain and lieutenant in the duchy of Aquitaine , and there they brought a tower of this castle down to the ground and they seized and took with them Madaillan's goods and chattels amounting to a great sum of money, and they did to Madaillan several damages to his obvious impoverishment, particularly as Madaillan claims that this latter castle belonged to his family, so Madaillan requests the king to bring a remedy about it.

By petition of parliament. 2

1.
The same person as Guilhem-Amaniu II de Castillon.
2.
The parliament which took place at Westminster from 14 January to 12 February 1348.
12

12 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Reynold de Bixley . 1

Grant for life to Reynold de Bixley of the castle, lands and baylie [mentioned below], provided that he fortified and garrisoned at his own expense and from the issues of the jurisdiction and lordship of this castle, lands and baylie. These latter will return to the king at Bixley's death. Biskelee, de Reynold de Bixley has supplicated the king, as he and the men of his retinue have taken at war a church in Xancton' Saintonge called Chay, du Saint-Martin of Le Chay from certain rebels of the king, and they kept by armed force this church until he found on the territory of the same parish a plot suitable to build a castle, and Bixley built and fortified a castle called la motte du Chay ( la mote du Chay ), and he garrisoned it with 80 men and some armour and victuals at his own costs, and this castle has been fortified thanks to the revenues of the lands of the rebels of this parish and of the hamlet ( villata ) of Brianha Briagne he occupies by now, so he requests the king to have for life the lands of the king's rebels in these places together with the Sauion baylie of Saujon with its appurtenances.

By petition of parliament and later by K. 2

1.
Extractus is written in the margin.
2.
The parliament which took place at Westminster from 14 January to 12 February 1348.
13

16 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning arrest of ships .

Appointment of Vuedale Thomas de Uvedale , Baddeby Thomas de Badby , Griffinus, Cadwalladr Gruffudd ap Cadwaladr and Baa Henry de Bath , king's serjeants-at-arms, to swiftly arrest [in England] all the ships necessary for the voyage to Gascony of Joan [of the Tower] , the king's daughter, and their masters and mariners, and bring them to the port of Plumuth Plymouth for this voyage. They have to arrest all the masters and mariners who disobey and put them into a well guarded jail until the king orders otherwise about them. The king orders all his officers to obey and attend them on this matter. Previously, several ships had been arrested on the king's order by Henry de Bath, king's serjeant-at-arms, and the masters and mariners of this ships who received the king's wages had broken this arrest and wanted to leave, to the great contempt of the king and the obvious delay of this voyage. 1

By K.

1.
For a related entry, see entry 34 .
Concerning the making of a treaty with the delegates and judges of the king of Castile.
14

13 February 1348 . Westminster .

Appointment by these presents of Vilario, de Johan Duviella, sacrist [of the church of Bayonne] ; Vital Guilhem Bidau, main chaplain [of the church of Bayonne] ; Pynu, de Guilhem-Bernat Dupin , Baiona canon of Bayonne ; Villa, de Pey de Bielle , son of Guilhem-Arnaut [de Bielle] ; Putz, deu Pey Duputs ; Cassos, deus Bernat de Cassous ; Salvatus, Vilario, de Saubat Duviella , of Bayonne ; Amanevus, Podio, de Amaniu Dupouy, Bindos rector of the church of Brindos , Gonossa, de, Seinhas' archpriest of Gosse and Seignanx ; Malo Leone, de Johan de Mauléon, kt ; Galhart [de Saint-Paul], Sancto Paulo, de lord of Saint-Paul , kt ; Bidonacus, Cassos, deus Bidonat de Cassous ; Bidonacus, Lobart Bidonat de Loubart ; Pey de Bidones and Vitalis Bidau d'Arrimbez , of Sancto Severo, de Saint-Sever ; with full power to deal with the commissaries, judges and arbitrators of the king of Castile to negotiate a truce or extend it, and to hear, examine and sentence about complaints, petitions, and decide fines and compensations and restore a permanent peace. The king orders all his officers and subjects, direct or indirect, to obey and attend them on this task. It has been shown to the king by the mayor, jurats and community of the city of Bayonne and the neighbouring place of Beiarritz Biarritz certain letters of supplication which contained among other things that they have negotiated truces of war with Lupo Didaci, Rogis, de Lope Díaz de Rojas, Ypuschua merino mayor of Guipúzcoa , 1 on behalf of the Castella king of Castile for this latter's vassals and subjects, his towns and maritime places, with the county of Viscaye Biscay , Galicia and Asturis, de Asturias , which had to last from the last feast of Saint Stephen 2 to 8 May [1348], including the extra time obtained by the commissaries of the two kings up to 24 June, and later up to the signing and ratification of the peace between both parties. It has been agreed that there will be a meeting on 1 April 1348 between the commissaries of the two kings to make peace on the bridge of Fontis Rabidi Hondarribia 3 which is at the border of the kingdom of Castile , and the king approves this and appoints there his commissaries. 4

1.
Governor of Guipúzcoa.
2.
On 26 December 1347.
3.
Hondarribia is the current official Basque name of this town most often known as Fuenterrabía in Spanish or Fontarrabie in French.
4.
See the related entry entry 288 .

Similar letters at the same date were sent to:

14.1

Same as above

Brother Pey [de Saint-Jean], bishop of Bayonne ; Podio, de Guiraut Dupuch, judge appellate at the court of Gascony ; Vilario, de Johan Duviella, sacrist [of the church of Bayonne] ; Vital Guilhem Bidau, main chaplain [of the church of Bayonne] ; Pynu, de Guilhem-Bernat Dupin , Baiona canon of Bayonne ; Dagguers Pey d'Agès, Sanctus Spiritus de capite pontis prior of of the hospital of Saint-Esprit at the head of the bridge of Aquis Dax ; 1 Bergunh Burgundus Bergunh de Lia, clerk , king's councillor ; Villa, de Pey de Bielle , son of Guilhem-Arnaut [de Bielle] ; Putz, deu Pey Duputs ; Cassos, deus Bernat de Cassous ; Salvatus, Vilario, de Saubat Duviella of Bayonne ; Amanevus, Podio, de Amaniu Dupouy, Bindos rector of the church of Brindos , Gonossa, de, Seinhas' archpriest of Gosse and Seignanx ; Malo Leone, de Johan de Mauléon, kt ; Bertholomiu [de Saint-Martin], ausa de Sancto Martino lord of the salle of Saint-Martin , 2 damoiseau ; Fonte, de Laurens de Lafont ; Domenicus, Vico, de Domenges de Vic, clerk of Aqu' Dax ; Galhart [de Saint-Paul], Sancto Paulo, de lord of Saint-Paul , kt ; Bidonacus, Cassos, deus Bidonat de Cassous ; Raymundus Durandi, Villa, de Ramon-Duran de Bielle ; Vilario, de Guilhem-Arnaut Duviella ; Petrus Raymundi, Lobart Perramon de Loubart , of Bayonne ; Bidonacus, Lobart Bidonat de Loubart ; Pey de Bidones and Vitalis Bidau d'Arrimbez , of Sancto Severo, de Saint-Sever ; Ardirio, de Johan Dardy, clerk of Aquen' Dax , and Paschasius Pascau de Saint-Jean of Bayonne .

1.
On the hospital Saint-Esprit that was situated at Dax on the right bank of the river Adour at the end of the bridge of Dax, see Degert, A., 'Le cartulaire de l'hôpital du Saint-Esprit de Dax', Bulletin de la société de Borda , 47 (1923), p.195-7.
2.
He was lord of the salle (Latin aula ), which meant the 'noble house', situated at Saint-Martin-de-Seignanx.
15

18 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Andriu, lord of Budos .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and constable of Bordeaux to have full information with the persons of the king's council [of Gascony] on the value of the baronies of Andriu de Budos and the status the latter had in them, the damages he suffered because of the king's service, and the value of the prévôté of Barsac, and they have to send this information to the king under the king's seal used in the duchy. Andriu [I de Budos], lord of Budos , has supplicated the king by his petition presented before the king and his council in the present parliament, 1 that he has fully lost his Portebertram barony of Portes-Bertrand in the la Regourdane Régordane 2 situated outside the duchy of Aquitaine with all its appurtenances, which barony is worth 200 l.st. each year, because he joined the king's obedience, 3 and furthermore his Roke Tallade barony of Roquetaillade with all its revenues amounting to 4,500 l.st. has been occupied by some French rebels because he joined the king's obedience up to the arrival in Aquitaine of Henry [of Grosmont], earl of Lancaster , 4 so Budos requests the king to have in compensation of these 4,500 l.st. the Barsat prévôté of Barsac with its appurtenances which is worthing 500 l.st per year according to him, and in compensation of the barony of Portes-Bertrand the place of Castel Seigneur called la Parade Laparade and the place of la Peyrugna 5 in Ageneys Agenais with their appurtenances, which are worth 100 l.st. per year, to be held by him and his heirs forever.

By petition of Parliament. 6

1.
The parliament which took place at Westminster from 14 January to 12 February 1348.
2.
'La Régordane' was the name of the area situated around the castle of Portes, more precisely it was the name given to the neighbouring roman road.
3.
This barony was seized by King Philip VI of France.
4.
Obviously Andriu de Budos claimed to own the barony of Roquetaillade, which was in reality owned by the Lamothe family, because of his mother Clarmont de Lamothe. But there is no evidence he ever held this lordship.
5.
Possibly Laperche, arr. Marmande, dép. Lot-et-Garonne.
6.
The parliament which took place at Westminster from 14 January to 12 February 1348.
16

15 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning the appointment of the mayor of the city of Bordeaux .

Order to the sub-mayor, jurats and all the community of the city of Bordeaux to obey and attend Reynold de Bixley as mayor of Bordeaux according to the tenor of the letters of the earl of Lancaster. The king confirms the letters patent of Henry [of Grosmont], earl of Lancaster and Derby, former king's lieutenant and general captain in the duchy of Aquitaine and all Languedoc , granting with the assent of Laurence de Hastings, earl of Pembroke , Manny Walter Mauny ; 1 Ralph de Stafford , then seneschal of Gascony, and Bernat[-Etz V d'Albret], Lebreto, de lord of Albret , and all the king's council [in Gascony], to Reynold de Bixley, kt, mayor of the city of Bordeaux, because of his good service in Lancaster's retinue during this war of Gascony, this office of mayor for life, receiving there the same fee as the previous mayors.

1.
Wauthier de Masny was his original name in his native Hainaut.
17

18 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning the payment of the fee and wages of Thomas Cok .

Order to the constable of Bordeaux to pay regularly to Thomas Cok 1 from the issues of the duchy of Aquitaine his fee and wages for the time he is in the office of seneschal of Gascony. The king had granted to Thomas Cok , seneschal of Gascony, to have, as long as he is in this office, 20 men-at-arms, as it pertains to this office, and the fee of 500 l.st. per year to be paid by the constable of Bordeaux. But Thomas Cok has had during the war in addition of these men, 20 men-at-arms and 400 archers at the king's wages to be paid by the same constable.

By p.s.

1.
On him, see see Gribit, N. A., Henry of Lancaster's Expedition to Aquitaine, 1345-46 (Woodbridge, 2016), more particularly p.274.
18

Same as above For the same Thomas [Cok] . 1

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to deliver to Thomas Cok the 200 librates sterlings of lands coming from the rebels, lands which are now outside the king's hands in the duchy of Aquitaine as soon as they come into the king's hands by conquest and permit him to have them peacefully according to these king's letters. The king has granted for life to Thomas Cok, because of his good service and to maintain his status, 200 librates sterlings of lands with parts of them coming from the lands of rebels which are now outside the king's hands in the duchy of Aquitaine and which will come into the king's hands by conquest. They will return to the king at Cok's death.

By p.s.

1.
It is written extractus in the margin.
19

Same as above Concerning protection .

Letters of protection, with clause volumus , granted for one year to Penebroke John de Pembroke , parson of the church of Gernomiston 1 in Hibernia Ireland who is sent to Gascony in the king's service.

By testimony of the earl of Lancaster .

1.
Place not identified.
20

Same as above Concerning attorneys .

Letters of attorney in Hibernia Ireland , for one year, for John de Pembroke , nominating Hugh de Burgh and John de Evesham alternatively.

Walter Power received the attorneys.

21

16 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Bertran de Got, son of Arnaut-Gassie de Got .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to account with Bertran de Got of his wages and those of his father, if it has not been previously accounted, and make payment or allocation to Bertran of what has been found on the issues of the baylies of Eymet and Sainte-Foy[-la-Grande] which are now outside the king's hands, to have yearly when these places will return to the king's obedience up to he will be satisfied of the sums of money owed to him. Gutto, de Bertran de Got , son of Arnaldus Garcie, Gutto, de Arnaut-Gassie de Got, Podio Guillelmi, de lord of Puyguilhem , 1 has supplicated to the king that formerly the king owed to his father various sums of money for his wages and those of his men, mounted and foot, being in his retinue at the time he served in the king's war in Gascony, and the king had ordered to his then seneschal of Gascony and constable of Bordeaux to account with his father of these wages, and make payment or allocation to this latter of what was to be found on the issues of the baylie of Deymet Eymet and Seinte Foy Sainte-Foy[-la-Grande] which were then and up to now in the hands of the French ( Gallici ). But the seneschal and constable did not do this according to the assertion of Bertran de Got, so he requests the king to do it since his father Arnaut-Gassie de Got lost his life during the siege of the town of Aculeo, de Aiguillon . 2

By petition of parliament. 3

1.
Arnaut-Gassie de Got called the Basque ( Bascol or Bascul ), a prominent Gascon leader of the Anglo-Gascon party who had been, among other things, seneschal of the Landes in 1341.
2.
The siege of Aiguillon by the French which took place between 1 April and 22 August 1346 and was led by the duke of Normandy, future King John II of France. Arnaut-Gassie de Got probably died being with the besieged persons of the English party who successfully defended this town.
3.
The parliament which took place at Westminster from 14 January to 12 February 1348.
22

18 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Andriu, lord of Budos .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux that having seen the bills owned by Andriu, lord of Budos, and having accounted with him his wages, if this has not been done before, they have to pay or make him a suitable allocation without delay of what they found. Andriu [I de Budos], lord of Budos , has supplicated the king that the king owed him various sums of money for his wages and those of his men, mounted and foot, being in his retinue in the present war of Gascony, as more fully appears in bills of the constable of Bordeaux Budos owns.

By petition of parliament. 1

1.
The parliament which took place at Westminster from 14 January to 12 February 1348.

For Thomas de Hampton.

23

20 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster .

Grant to Thomas de Hampton of an annuity of 40 l.st. or its value in another money to be received from the constable of Bordeaux for all his life or up to he receives 40 librates of lands or revenues in the duchy of Aquitaine. Thomas de Hampton has supplicated the king to grant him an annuity of 40 l.st. in compensation of the land who was owned at Briggerak Bergerac by la Rokke Bertran de Laroque , former king's rebel, which had been granted to him as fief by Henry [of Grosmont], earl of Lancaster , former king's lieutenant and captain in the duchy of Aquitaine . But Hampton has been removed from this land under the pretext of the king's grant of Bergerac with its appurtenances to the same earl of Lancaster. 1

By petition of Parliament and thereafter by K. 2

1.
On 1 June 1347, Edward III granted to Lancaster the lordship of Bergerac.
2.
The parliament which took place at Westminster from 14 January to 12 February 1348.
24

Same as above

And it is ordered to the constable of Bordeaux to pay each year to Thomas de Hampton these 40 l.st. from the issues of the duchy of Aquitaine.

For Ralph de Maners.

25

12 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster .

Grant for life to Ralph de Maners of 25 m. to be yearly received from the issues of the Maysyne baylie of Marensin , if this baylie or its revenues have not been granted before to others by the king or his ancestors.

By petition of Parliament and thereafter by K. 1

1.
The parliament which took place at Westminster from 14 January to 12 February 1348.
26

Same as above

And it is ordered to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux, that if the baylie of Marensin or its revenues have not been granted before, they have to pay to Ralph de Maners or his proctor this annuity of 25 m. from the issues of this baylie for all Maners' life.

27

20 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For William Typet .

Confirmation of the grant for life to William Typet of the lands and tenements [mentioned below]. William Typet has supplicated the king by his petition presented at the present parliament, 1 as Gaillardus Galhart[d'Agassac], Guassac lord of Agassac , kt , Sanctus Johannes Daungelyn captain and marshal of the town of Saint-Jean-d'Angély , granted him for life, in reward for his good service in the present war of Gascony in the retinue of Henry [of Grosmont], earl of Lancaster , former king's lieutenant and captain [in the duchy of Aquitaine] , and in compensation for the damages and expenses he suffered in this service, of all the lands, tenements, revenues, houses, vineyards, goods and chattels with their appurtenances which were owned at Saint-Jean-d'Angély by Veron Jean de Véron and his wife Lucie , Jean Chardon and Bernard Petit at the time of the conquest of this town, as more fully appears in Agassac's letters, so Typet requests the king to confirm this grant.

By K. and bill of Parliament.

1.
The parliament which took place at Westminster from 14 January to 12 February 1348.
28

24 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning protection .

Letters of protection, with clause volumus , up to the next Pentescost, granted to Boyliet Niccolò Bollati , a Lombard, 1 who is sent in Gascony in the king's service.

By p.s.

1.
It meant at this period a person originating from Northern Italy, not only from the Lombardy region.
29

28 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Bertran [de Got], son of Arnaut[-Gassie] de Got, lord of Puyguilhem .

Order to the Aquen' mayor and jurats of the city of Dax and also the men and inhabitants, nobles as well as commoners, living within the borders of the prévôté of Dax , to obey and attend Bertran de Got for all his life as prévôt of Dax , give him the customary oath, receiving from him the customary oath [of the prévôt of Dax], as it was used in the past. Formerly, Henry [de Grosmont], earl of Lancaster , former king's lieutenant and general captain in the duchy of Aquitaine and all Languedoc , has granted for life the prévôté of Dax with its toll, revenues and all what pertains to it to Bertran [de Got] , son of Arnaldus Garcie, Guto, de Arnaut-Gassie de Got, Podio Guillelmi, de lord of Puyguilhem , 1 as more fully appears in Lancaster's letters the king has confirmed.

1.
Arnaut-Gassie de Got called the Basque ( Bascol or Bascul ), a prominent Gascon leader of the Anglo-Gascon party who had been, among other things, seneschal of the Landes in 1341.

For Thomas de Urswick.

30

20 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster . 1

Grant to Ursewyk Thomas de Urswick , at the request of William de Bohun, earl of Northampton , of the keepership of the seals and brefs 2 delivered in the name of the duke of Brittany to the owners and masters of ships loading wines in Gascony, to be held by him as long as this custody will be controlled by the king because of his guardianship of Jean [IV de Montfort], duke of Brittany , received there what others received in this office. Urswick has to render a faithful account of the revenues and profits of these seals and brefs .

1.
It is written extractus in the margin.
2.
On the brefs de Bretagne or "writs of Brittany' which were safeguard delivered for ships by the duke of Brittany at Bordeaux, see Moal, L. and Gallicé, A. 'Les brefs de Bretagne : un exemple de réglementation publique en réponse aux risques maritimes dans le duché de Bretagne (XIIe-XVe siècles)', Annales de Bretagne et des Pays de l'Ouest , 119 (2012), pp.81-108.
31

Same as above

And it is ordered to John Wawayn , constable of Bordeaux, to deliver without delay this office to Thomas de Urswick .

By p.s.

32

20 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Ralph Coliere and Robert Coliere .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony that having heard the complaint of Ralph Coliere and Robert Coliere , merchants of Nottingham , or of their proctors, having seen the letters of the former seneschal of Gascony, if they notice by their inspection that the merchants tell the truth, then they have to return to these merchants their florins, goods and chattels and compensate their damage by way [of letters of] marque ( marcha ) or another suitable mean, and they have to make them swift full justice according to the local right, fors and customs and similar cases, so that these merchants do not complain again to the king by lack of justice. Ralph Coliere and Robert Coliere, merchants of Nottingham, have complained that during some truces made between the king and his adversary of France, 1 they went to the Dageneys Agenais in the duchy of Aquitaine in order to buy wines and other goods; and the men of the lord of Caumont , 2 gathered with many malefactors of Agenais and attacked them at Mermaunde Marmande , imprisoned them and detained them for a long time, and they kept and stole from them 500 gold florins and 400 l.st. of goods and chattels to their obvious impoverishment and against the form of the truces [mentioned above]; so that Nicholas de la Beche , then seneschal of Gascony, 3 has requested several times by his letters under the king's seal used in the duchy the lord of Caumont, the seneschal of Agenais , 4 and the other malefactors to return these florins, goods and chattels but they did not care to do anything about it as appears in the letters of the seneschal of Gascony, so Ralph Coliere and Robert Coliere request the king to bring them a remedy about that.

By petition of Parliament. 5

1.
King Philip VI of France
2.
Guilhem-Ramon de Caumont then in the French party.
3.
Mentioned as such from 20 July 1343 to 24 February 1345.
4.
Robert d'Houdetot , a seneschal of Agenais for the king of France originating from Normandy.
5.
The parliament which took place at Westminster from 14 January to 12 February 1348.
33

1 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning the enforcement of the truces made between the king of England and the count of Périgord . 1

Order to the seneschal of Gascony, the constable of Bordeaux and all the king's officers and subjects of the duchy of Aquitaine to maintain and enforce on their men and the king's subjects of the duchy of Aquitaine the pati or soufferte ( sufferencia ) 2 made between the king and the count of Périgord, provided that this latter is not doing any machination. The king had granted to the Petragoricen' count of Périgord 3 one pati or soufferte from the day of these presents to the next Easter feast, 4 and from this latter date for two complete years, 5 under the following form:

  1. Firstly, during all this truce, the count of Périgord or his people will not do any war nor any damage, nor will do any deal against the king's land, nor against his people and subjects, their bodies or goods in any way, and if anything has been done to the contrary, the count has to amend it without delay;
  2. Item, no towns, places, castles and lands of the count of Périgord are allowed to make war nor make any damage to the king's lands, subjects their bodies or goods in any way, and if anything is attempted against them, then all forms of impediment and defence can be legitimately done against these attempts;
  3. Item, the count of Périgord must not receive during this truce in his towns, castles and fortalices any garrison, men-at-arms nor footmen from the king's enemy party; 6
  4. Item, the count of Périgord must not receive during this truce any office of captain over people, lands and places against the king or his inheritance or his subjects.
  5. Item, during all the period of this truce the people of the king's obedience can move freely within the land of the count of Périgord without damages, impediments or disturbances, with arms or without arms, apart into enclosed places and fortalices, and they can buy at the right price necessary victuals from the lands and places of the count, apart from the king's people effecting damage on the count's land;
  6. Item, during all the period of this truce the people of the king's obedience can move freely within the land of the count of Périgord, apart from into enclosed places and fortalices, but they cannot sell and buy victuals or other goods without paying the due tolls or customs;
  7. Item, during all the period of this truce the people of the count of Périgord can move freely on the land of the king's obedience and sell and buy goods without any impediment, paying for them the due tolls and customs, but they must not enter into castles, enclosed places and fortalices;
  8. Item, during all the period of this truce the towns, castles and other places of the count of Périgord will remain in the same state without the building of any new fortification;
  9. Item, the count of Périgord will promise and swear on the Gospels that he will respect and enforce all [these articles] and that he will not do anything against them, and within three weeks he will have receive notice of the pati 7 from the king, he will have to make letters patent under his own seal with the similar pati and send them to the king's seneschal of Gascony without any subterfuge or delay.

By K. and C.

1.
For an almost identical agreement with the queen of Navarre: entry 55 .
2.
A limited truce made in exchange of the payment of some money.
3.
Roger-Bernat de Périgord , count of Périgord (1336-1361).
4.
On 20 April 1348
5.
Up to 20 April 1350.
6.
From the king of France Philip VI .
7.
Truce.
34

2 March 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning the arrest of ships for the voyage of Joan, the king's daughter .

Order to the king's sheriffs, mayors, bailiffs, officers, owners [of ships], masters [of ships] and mariners, as well as the other king's subjects [in England] to obey and attend Thomas de Uvedale, kt , Baddeby Thomas de Badby, clerk , Griffinus, Cadwallader Gruffudd ap Cadwaladr and Baa Henry de Bath , king's serjeants-at-arms, so that the voyage of the king's daughter is not delayed. These latter have been ordered by the king to swiftly arrest [in England] in the area of [the admiralty of the Western fleet] all the ships necessary for the voyage to Gascony of Joan [of the Tower] , the king's daughter, and the king's faithful men being in his household ( comitiva ), and brought them to the port of Plumuth Plymouth for this voyage. And they have been ordered to arrest all the persons acting against this and put them in a jail until the king orders otherwise on them. 1

By K.

1.
See entry 13 .
35

14 March 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning the delivery of ships .

Order to Thomas de Uvedale , Baddeby Thomas de Badby , Griffinus, Cadewelladre Gruffudd ap Cadwaladr and Baa Henry de Bath who are appointed to arrest ships for the voyage [overseas] of Joan [of the Tower] , the king's daughter, or their lieutenants in the port of Fowy Fowey or the port of Plumuth Plymouth , as Bohoun William de Bohun sends to Brittany and Gascony to do quickly certain business Ursewyk Thomas de Urswick and Missager Stephen le Messager , to permit them to be carried [overseas] and return to England on a ship called la Alisot of Fowy Fowey , on which Starlet Adam Scarlet is master, or any other suitable ship of one of these ports, paying reasonable wages to the master and the mariners of this ship, provided that this ship has not been arrested for the voyage of the king's daughter, and apart from the masters and mariners who received the king's wages for this voyage, but who wanted to break this arrest and fraudulently leave to go to other parts.

By K.

36

16 March 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For William de Staines .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux that having heard the complaint of William de Staines or his attorney and having seen the king's letters under his secret seal, they summon before them Reynold de Bixley and others who need to be summoned, and they have to make full justice to Staines in returning to him the wool if it is still existing or its value, according to the local fors and customs, so that this complaint does not reach the king again by lack of justice. Stanes William de Staines, citizen of London , has complained to the king that he has loaded in the Bristoll' port of Bristol ten bags ( poketti ) of wool on which he has paid the due custom and subsidy on a ship called la Dieugarde , which has as owners John le Spicer and John de Wycombe , and as master John Brian , and he made them brought to the city of Burdeg' Bordeaux , and there Biskele Reynold de Bixley, mayor of Burdeg' Bordeaux , has claimed that this wool had to be seized as the subsidy was not mentioned in the letters of cocket shown by Staines' attorney; so Bixley has seized this wool into the king's hands and has claimed to have the third part of it for his own use, and although the king has informed Bixley with various writs under his privy seal that Staines had paid to him the due custom and subsidy for this wool, as appears on the rolls of the receivers of the king's customs of Bristol , and he has ordered Bixley to free this wool without delay and return it to Staines or his attorney, Bixley did not care to obey and he still keeps even now this wool to the impoverishment of Staines, so this latter has requested the king to bring him a remedy about that. 1

1.
See the related entry entry in C 61/NaN .
37

20 March 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For the mayor and community of the city of Dax . 1

Inspeximus of certain letters patent under the seal and counter-seal in use at Bordeaux for contracts the tenor of which follows:

26 April 1344 . Bordeaux .

Inspeximus by Guitardi Johan Guitard, clerk , lawyer ( jurisperitus ), Burdegalesio, in keeper and executor of the seal and counter-seal used in Bordelais for contracts for the king of England and duke of Aquitaine, of certain letters patent of Nicholas de la Beche, kt , seneschal of the duchy of Aquitaine , under the seal in red wax of the court of Gascony, the tenor of which follows:

The king's procurator [of the Landes] , Guitto, Lobascol Arnaut-Gassie de Got called the Basque, Podio Guillelmi, de lord of Puyguilhem , Aquis, de prévôt of the prévôté of Dax , as well as the mayor, jurats and the worthy men ( probi homines ) of Dax have shown to the seneschal of Gascony these letters of the king sealed under the king's great seal of green wax, the tenor of which follows:

4 October 1343 . Westm' Westminster .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony, or his lieutenant, to call before him Arnaut-Ramon [IV d’Aspremont], Dortte vicomte of Orthe , the Aquen mayor, jurats and worthy men of Dax , and Guto, de, Baskel Arnaut-Gassie de Got, called the Basque, Podio Guilli lord of Puyguilhem , and anyone else with an interest, as well as the king’s procurators in [the duchy of Aquitaine], and settle the dispute over jurisdiction within the prévôté of Dax . On 30 May 1341, 2 in return for their constancy and loyalty to the king and his house, the king granted to the mayor, jurats and worthy men of Dax that the city and all justice, lordship, homages and fees and any jurisdiction pertaining to the city and prévôté of Dax, would never be placed out of the king's hands by sale, gift or exchange, except to the heirs of the king of England, nor would he grant superior justice to anyone, such that the city and all justice relating to it would be reserved to the king in his special royal chamber. Afterwards, on 1 June 1342, 3 without recalling this earlier grant, the king granted to the vicomte of Orthe that he and his heirs should have high and low justice, together with the ordeal of arms ( vadus armorum ) and power to enquire into all crimes within the vicomté and the lands which he holds of the king there, with other rights pertaining to justice, as shown by an inspection of the rolls of chancery. However, the people of Dax, by their petition before the king and council, have now shown that the letters issued to Orthe said nothing about previous grants made both to themselves and to Arnaut-Gassie de Got concerning the said prévôté and its jurisdiction, amounting to their disinheritance, and they ask that the king order the revocation of those letters. Long before this last grant, the king and his council ordained that if various grants were made to different persons on the same matter, then the first grant should stand unless the second made full and express mention of the first. Therefore, observing that ordinance and to ensure that the earlier letters should remain in force, the king orders the seneschal to ascertain the ancient metes and bounds of the prévôté, and if it should be found that the vicomté, places or lands of Orthe, or any part of them, were or are within the aforesaid prévôté, then the letters to the vicomte on this matter should be revoked and annulled, and he should be removed from the exercise of all such jurisdiction within the bounds of the prévôté, any previous grants notwithstanding. All people in the duchy are to be attendant to him on this matter, and provide counsel. 4

By K. and petition of C.

According to this power granted by the king the seneschal of Gascony had summoned Arnaut-Ramon [IV d'Aspremont], vicomte of Orthe, the mayor, jurats and worthy men of the city of Dax and Arnaut-Gassie [de Got], prévôt of Dax, as well as the king's procurator [of the Landes], to appear before him at Dax on Thursday 27 November 1348, in order to hear them according to the king's letters; see the witnesses shown by the procurator, the mayor, the jurats and the worthy men, and the prévôt; witness their oaths and other acts; and all these things will be done, as well as the examination of this case, the non-attendance of the vicomte of Orthe notwithstanding. But as this latter did not appear for the whole day, nor any proctor in his name, he was declared in default on Friday 28 November 1343. As the seneschal is occupied in dealing with some king's arduous business, he has delegated Podio, de Guiraut Dupuch, licentiate of laws , judge of the appeals of the court of Gascony , Master Amici Johan Lamic, bachelor of laws , and Guitardi Master Johan Guitard, clerk , lawyer ( jurisperitus ) , or at least two of them to continue the procedure according to the following letters of Nicholas de la Beche :

27 November 1343 . Dax .

Order to Guiraut Dupuch, licenciate of laws, judge of the appeal of the court of Gascony, Master Johan Lamic, bachelor of laws, and Master Johan Guitard, clerk, lawyer, or at least two of them, to hear and examine witnesses and receive their oaths until they make a final sentence.

As the vicomte of Orthe defaulted, Johan Lamic and Johan Guitard have heard the witnesses numbering 24 individually, and 26 and more in group, and they have proceeded and they brought it before the seneschal and the king's council in the king's castle of Bordeaux . 5 And despite the fact that the seneschal of Gascony has summoned, by his letters under the seal of the court of Gascony, the vicomte to appear at the king's castle of Bordeaux on 7 January 1344, at the hour of Terce, 6 to be present at the opening and the publication of the enquiry, otherwise it will be proceeded despite his absence, the vicomte did not appear and did not send someone in his name, so he has been sentenced in absentia and put in default by demand of the king's procurator [in the Landes] , the prévôt of Dax and the proctors of the mayor, jurats and worthy men of Dax . Then the vicomte of Orthe appealed to the king as king of France, 7 before Sordich John de Shoreditch, kt , judge appointed by the king as king of France , to hear and terminate the appeals made against the seneschal of Gascony and the appellate court of the castle of Bordeaux . This latter declared the vicomte's appeal as null by the right and style of the French court and sent the parties before the seneschal of Gascony. After that, the seneschal published the enquiry at the request of the king's procurator [in the Landes], the prévôt of Dax and the proctors of the mayor, jurats and worthy men of Dax. According to it, the vicomté of Orthe and all places and lands of this vicomté were, and had been at all times, part of the prévôté of Dax, the royal letters obtained by the vicomte concerning the right of high and low justice within his vicomté have been revoked, 8 all contradiction coming from him being rejected. And it has been ordered to the vicomte not to exercise the high and low justice within the prévôté of Dax, together with the ordeal of arms ( vadus armorum ) and power of acknowledgement of all crimes and excesses committed by all malefactors there, and power to correct and punish those malefactors accordingly.

Johan Guitard has appended to this the seal and counter-seal for contract of Bordelais.

The king confirms by this presents this sentence and forbid any further appeals on this matter.

By C.

1.
Text published with a French detailed summary on Archives Historiques de la Gironde (AHG), 37, 'Livre Noir de Dax' (Paris-Bordeaux, 1902), pp.316-26.
2.
See entry in C 61/53 .
3.
See entry in C 61/54 .
4.
This entry is on entry in C 61/55 .
5.
The castle of the Ombrière of Bordeaux.
6.
It was c.9 a.m..
7.
Edward III
8.
Obtained on 1 June 1342, see: entry in C 61/54 .

For Arnaut de Miramont.

38

20 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster . 1

12 October 1346 . Pictavis Poitiers .

Order to all the inhabitants, nobles and commoners, of the Lezignano, de castle of Lusignan and its castellany to obey and attend, after having received the due [customary] oath, Miro Monte, de Arnaut de Miramont, damoiseau , the earl of Lancaster appoints for life castellan of the same castle and castellany , or his lieutenant there. Miramont has sworn on the Gospels to govern this castellany well, and render justice to all people, rich and poor. The earl of Lancaster allocates him the same wages customarily received by his predecessors as castellans of Lusignan, from the same issues as used to receive his predecessors there. And if these issues were not enough, then he has to receive his wages from the issues of the castle and castellany of Lusignan .

As Arnaut de Miramont cannot receive the sums of money for his wages, as his castle and castellany are surrounded by king's enemies and rebels during this current war, as it is testified before the king's council, the king grants him to have as wages of this place 20 l.st. or their value in another money to receive each year from the issues of the duchy of Aquitaine by the hands of the constable of Bordeaux, until he can receive his wages from the issues and emoluments of the castellany of Lusignan.

By K. and petition of Parliament. 2

1.
It is written extractus in the margin.
2.
The Westminster Parliament which took place between 14 January 1348 and 12 February 1348.
39

Same as above

And it is ordered to the constable of Bordeaux to pay each year to Arnaut de Miramont this sum of 20 l.st. or its value in another money from the issues of the duchy of Aquitaine, until he can receive his wages from the issues and emoluments of the castellany of Lusignan .

By K. and petition of Parliament. 1

1.
The Westminster Parliament which took place between 14 January 1348 and 12 February 1348.
40

4 March 1348 . Westm' Westminster . 1

The king retains at his wages, because of the good service of Miro Monte, de Arnaut de Miramont, his valet , Lezignano, de castellan of the castellany of Lusignan , himself, another man-at-arms and six serjeants being [garrisoned] at this castle, during all the duration of the war.

By K. and petition of Parliament. 2

1.
Extractus is written in the margin.
2.
The Westminster Parliament which took place between 14 January 1348 and 12 February 1348.
41

Same as above

And it is ordered to the constable of Bordeaux that having accounted of his wages with Arnaut de Miramont and those of his men, he has to pay him or make him suitable allocation.

By K. and petition of Parliament. 1

1.
The Westminster Parliament which took place between 14 January 1348 and 12 February 1348.
42

4 March 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning protection for the abbot and convent of Sainte-Croix of Bordeaux .

Letters of protection granted for two years to the abbot 1 and convent of Sainte-Croix of Bordeaux, their men, lands, possessions and goods, temporal as spiritual, at the Sanctus Macharius priory of Saint-Macaire , with its dependencies of Mons Aurioli Montauriol , Alemansio, de Allemands , Lopiaco, de Loupiac , Cambis, de Cambes , Solato, de Soulac , Sanctus Albinus de Blanhadesio Saint-Aubin-en-Blagnadais , 2 Insula in Aruano, de Isle-Saint-Georges , Sadiraco, de Sadirac , and also at the places and plots of Machau Macau , Autelhano, de Le Taillan[-Médoc] , the Biraco, la chapelle de chapel of Birac , 3 and Colinhano, de Colignan , and others in the duchy of Aquitaine being within the king's obedience, with their bayles, proctors, and other officers and servants. The king orders his officers and subjects of the duchy of Aquitaine to maintain and protect them.

By p.s.

1.
Pey de Sermet, abbot of Sainte-Croix of Bordeaux up to his death in 1349. His tomb with his effigy is still in the church Sainte-Croix of Bordeaux.
2.
Now called Saint-Aubin-de-Branne.
3.
La chapelle de Birac, com. Arsac, arr. Lesparre, dép. Gironde.
43

Same as above Concerning protection .

Letters of protection granted for two years to Reginaldus, Sermeto, de Reynaut de Sermet, 1 brother of the hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem , preceptor of Cayac near Bordeaux Caynak juxta Burdegala, de , 2 , Marsanesici, de Marcenais , 3 Magriniano, de Magrigne , 4 Thorilacum, de Tourliac , 5 his men, lands, possessions, goods, temporal as spiritual, at Cayac near Bordeaux, Marcenais, Magrigne, Tourliac and elsewhere in the duchy of Aquitaine. And as above mutatis mutandis .

By p.s.

1.
Obviously a kinsman, probably a brother, of Pey de Sermet, abbot of Sainte-Croix of Bordeaux up to his death in 1349.
2.
Significant remains of the priory, then preceptory (in French commanderie ) of Cayac still remain in the commune of Gradignan (arr. Bordeaux, dép. Gironde).
3.
The church Notre-Dame still exists at Marcenais (arr. Blaye, dép. Gironde). It was built by the Templars in the 12th century, then it was owned by the knights Hospitaller after the dissolution of the Templar Order in 1312.
4.
The church Sainte-Quitterie of Magrigne still exists at Saint-Laurent-d'Arce (arr. Blaye, dép. Gironde). It was built by the Templars in the 12th century, then it was owned by the knights Hospitaller after the dissolution of the Templar Order in 1312.
5.
Originally a dependency of the preceptory (in French commanderie ) of Condat-sur-Vézère (in Périgord).

Concerning the choice of archers for the voyage of Joan, the king's daughter.

44

20 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster .

Order to the sheriffs of Somerset and Dorset to, having read these presents, choose and array 100 archers in their counties, among the best and strongest archers of these counties for the voyage of Joan [of the Tower] , the king's daughter, to Gascony, then send them to the port of Plumuth' Plymouth and deliver them to Vuedale Thomas de Uvedale or Baddeby Thomas de Badby, the king's clerk , paying their wages from the issues of their counties until they reach this port. So that these archers be quickly at Plymouth and ready the first Sunday of Lent to be put into the king's daughter retinue ( comitiva ).

By K.

45

Same as above

Similar letters are sent to the sheriff of Devon for 30 archers.

By p.s.

46

29 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Thomas de Colle .

Grant for life to Thomas de Colle, the king's valet , of the office of the Burdegalesio, de, Vasadesio, in executions of the seal and counter-seal for contracts used in Bordelais and Bazadais with all what pertains to this office, to be held as Scorce Pey Descors held it, so that this office returns to the king and his heirs at Colle's death.

By p.s.

47

8 March 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For the same .

Grant for life to Thomas de Colle of the office of the Burdegale, in serjeantry delegated to the executions of the seal and counter-seal for contracts in Bordeaux with all the issues and emoluments pertaining to this office, to be held as other who had this office held it in the past, so that this office returns to the king and his heirs at Colle's death.

By p.s.

48

8 March 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Thomas de Colle .

Grant for life to Thomas de Colle, the king's valet , of the office of the Burdeg', in executions of the seal and counter-seal for contracts used in Bordeaux with all what pertains to this office, to be held by himself or a sufficient and suitable attorney in the same way Monte Gomery, de John de Montgomery held it, 1 so that this office returns to the king and his heirs at Colle's death.

By p.s.

1.
John de Montgomery was appointed to this office on 1 May 1335: entry in C 61/47 .

Concerning the appointment of Pey Fort at the keepership of the prévôté of the town of Saint-Jean-d'Angély.

49

12 March 1348 . Westm' Westminster . 1

Grant for life to Pey Fort of the keepership of the prévôté of Saint-Jean-d'Angély with its appurtenances, receiving there an annuity of 300 florins from the issues of this prévôté. And if these revenues exceed this sum, then he has to respond each year of the surplus to the constable of Bordeaux. Furt Pey Fort , keeper of the Sanctus Johannes Dangelyn prévôté of Saint-Jean-d'Angély has supplicated the king, as because of his service to the king he has totally lost his goods and inheritances at Burgh Bourg and Bleyves Blaye and in certain other places, and he has suffered several other damages, and Pey Fort has [as garrison] since the conquest of Saint-Jean-d'Angély 10 men-at-arms, 50 serjeants and 10 archers, to have a suitable payment.

By K. and petition of Parliament. 2

1.
Extractus is written in the margin.
2.
The parliament of Westminster which took place between 14 January 1348 and 12 February 1348.
50

1 May 1348 . Westm' Westminster .

And it is ordered to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to permit Pey Fort to have the keepership of the prévôté of Saint-Jean-d'Angély for life with all its appurtenances, according to the king's letters.

By petition of Parliament.

51

2 March 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning the arrest of masters of ships for the voyage of Joan, the king's daughter .

Order to Vuedale Thomas de Uvedale, kt , Baddeby Thomas de Badby, clerk , Griffinus, Cadwallader Gruffudd ap Cadwaladr and Baa Henry de Bath , king's serjeants-at-arms, who have been appointed to arrest ships for the voyage to Ispannia Castile of Johanna, Wodestok, de Joan of Woodstock , 1 the king's daughter, and other king's subjects being in her household ( comitiva ), 2 as the king has learned that the masters and mariners of some arrested ships who received the king's wages have broken this arrest and have left, they must arrest them wherever they are, put them into jail and keep them until the king decides otherwise about them. The king orders to all the king's officers, the owners, the masters and mariners of the ships to obey and attend them about it.

By p.s.

1.
The nickname of 'Woodstock' used there is curious to name Joan, the daughter of Edward III. It is known she was born at the Tower of London as her namesake and aunt the most famous Joan of the Tower (d. 1362), queen of Scotland. The nickname of 'Woodstock' is possibly an error, or it came, more probably, from the fact Joan must have spent a large part of her childhood in this royal manor.
2.
See entry 13 .

For Bertran de Montferrand.

51

12 March 1348 . Westm' Westminster . 1

Grant to Monte Ferrandi, de Bertran de Montferrand , because of his good service to the king in the war of Gascony and the damages he suffered in his service amounting to the annual value of 1,000 florins and in compensation of this annual sum, of the castle and Talamont castellany of Talmont with its appurtenances, jurisdiction and revenues, which are now in the hands of the king's enemies, to have for life as soon as it returns into the king's hands. They will return into the king's hands and those of his successors at Bertran's death.

By K. and petition of C.

1.
Extractus is written in the margin.
52

Same as above

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to deliver these castle and castellany to Bertran de Montferrand or his attorney according to the king's letters.

For Tiso de Montferrand.

53

Same as above 1

Grant to Tyso, Monte Ferrandi, de Tiso de Montferrand , because of his good service to the king in the war of Gascony, of the castle and Xancton' castellany of Saintes with its appurtenances, which are now in the hands of the king's enemies, to have for life as soon as it returns into the king's hands, receiving there each year 40 l.st. or its value in another money on the castellany's revenues. If the revenues of these castle and castellany exceeds this sum of money, he will respond of them to the king and his heirs. They will return into the king's hands and those of his successors at Bertran's death.

By K. and petition of C.

1.
Extractus is written in the margin.
54

Same as above

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to deliver these castle and castellany to Tiso de Montferrand or his attorney according to the king's letters.

55

20 March 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning the soufferte of war signed between the king and the queen of Navarre . 1

Order to the seneschal of Gascony, the constable of Bordeaux and all the king's officers and subjects of the duchy of Aquitaine to keep and enforce on their men and the king's subjects of the duchy of Aquitaine the pati or soufferte ( sufferencia ) 2 made between the king and the queen of Navarre, provided that this latter is not doing any machination. The king had granted to Joan [of France], 3 queen of Navarre , Bruys countess of Évreux and Enguollesme Angoulême , one peace or soufferte ( sufferencia ) from the day of these presents to the 25 December 1348, and from this latter date for one complete year, 4 under the following form:

  1. Firstly, during all this truce, the queen of Navarre or his people will not do any war nor any damage, nor will do any deal against the king's land, nor against his people and subjects, their bodies or goods in any way, and if anything have been done to the contrary, the queen has to amend it without delay;
  2. Item, not any towns, places, castles and lands of the queen of Navarre are allowed to make war nor make any damage to the king's lands, subjects their bodies or goods in any way, and if anything is attempted against them, then all kind of impediment and defence can be legitimately done against these attempts;
  3. Item, the queen of Navarre does not have to receive during this truce in his towns, castles and fortalices any garrison, men-at-arms or footmen from the king's enemy party; 5
  4. Item, the queen of Navarre has not to receive during this truce any office of captain on people, lands and places against the king or his inheritance or his subjects.
  5. Item, during all the period of this truce the people of the king's obedience can move freely within the land of the queen of Navarre without damages, impediments or disturbances, with arms or without arms, apart into enclosed places and fortalices, and they can buy at the right price the necessary victuals from the lands and places of the count, apart from the people of the king making damages on the queen's land;
  6. Item, during all the period of this truce the people of the king's obedience can move freely within the land of the queen of Navarre, apart from into enclosed places and fortalices, but they cannot sell and buy victuals or other goods without paying the due tolls or customs;
  7. Item, during all the period of this truce the people of the queen of Navarre can move freely on the land of the king's obedience and sell and buy goods without any impediment, paying for them the due tolls and customs, but they will not enter into castles, enclosed places and fortalices;
  8. Item, during all the period of this truce the towns, castles and other places of the queen of Navarre will remain in the same state without the building of any new fortification;
  9. Item, if any damages are done by the king's subjects or the subjects of the queen of Navarre, these have to be fixed;
  10. Item, the queen of Navarre will promise and swear on the Gospels that she will respect and enforce all [these articles] and that she will not do anything against them, and within three weeks she will have receive notice of the peace 6 from the king, she will have to make letters patent under her own seal with the similar peace and send it to the king's seneschal of Gascony without any subterfuge or delay.

By K. and C.

1.
For an almost similar agreement with the count of Périgord: entry 33 .
2.
A limited truce made in exchange of the payment of some money.
3.
Joan of France, daughter of the king of France Louis X (1314-6), queen of Navarre (1328-49).
4.
Up to 25 December 1349.
5.
From the king of France Philip VI
6.
Truce.
56

Order to the seneschal of Gascony that having seen the trial, the sentence and the king's confirmation, 2 he has to apply this sentence and compel the vicomte of Orthe not to exercise the high and low justice within the borders of the prévôté of Dax.

By C.

1.
Text published with a French detailed summary and a contemporary Gascon translation on Archives Historiques de la Gironde (AHG), 37, 'Livre Noir de Dax' (Paris-Bordeaux, 1902), pp.356-363.
2.
See entry 37 .
57

16 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Thomas Cok . 1

Grant to Thomas Cok, seneschal of Gascony, because of his good service to the king, he is a member of the king's retinue, he will stay all his life with the king, he exercises for a long time this office of seneschal, and because of his status of [knight] banneret, and exercise better his office of seneschal, of 200 librates st. of lands with partly of them being rebels lands being outside the king's hands in the duchy of Aquitaine, to be held by him for life as soon as these lands come to the king's hands by conquest. They will fully return to the king and his heirs at Cok's death.

By K. and C.

1.
It is explained in the margin that Thomas Cok has been thereafter satisfied of 100 librates of land in Gascony for all his life thanks to two royal letters dated 5 March 1351 ( entry in C 61/63 ) and 9 March 1351 ( entry in C 61/63 ) which are copied in the Gascon Rolls C 61/63.
58

24 March 1348 . Rocheford Rochford . Concerning the keepership of the castle [of Lusignan] entrusted to Bertran de Montferrand .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to observe the clauses of the indenture made between the king and Monte Ferrandi, de Bertran de Montferrand . In this document, it has been agreed by Montferrand to keep the castle of Lusignan up to 1 November 1348 with, at time of truce 50 men-at-arms and 250 foot sergeants, and, at time of war, 100 men-at-arms and 400 foot sergeants, on which 100 had to be crossbowmen and archers, and these 100 men-at-arms have to be in this castle one month before the end of the truce made between the king and his adversary of France 1 at Caleys Calais , 2 receiving there per day as wages, 4 s.st. for himself, 3 2 s.st. for each knight, 12 d.st. for each esquire, 3 d.st. for each sergeant being a crossbowman or an archer and 2 d.st. for each other sergeant. So that Bertran de Montferrand receives 500 l.st. before 1 November 1348 in part of payment of these wages, and he should have half of the profits of the coinage pertaining to the king struck at the city of Bordeaux until he is paid of this sum of 500 l.st. , or he has to have allocated to him without delay some places he would like in order to get paid of this sum before 1 November 1348; and if the coinage of Bordeaux has been allocated to someone else before the return [to England] of Master John Wawayn , former constable of Bordeaux, they have to revoke it and give half of its profits to Montferrand until he fully receives this sum of 500 l.st. before 1 November 1348. If this is not done, Montferrand is not bound to stay at the keepership of this castle after 1 November 1348, and the constable of Bordeaux has to account with him of his wages and those of his men before this date and pay him without delay or swiftly allocate him a suitable allocation in some places as it is specified in the indenture made between the king and Montferrand.

By K. and C.

1.
Philip VI of Valois.
2.
The truce of Calais signed on September 1347.
3.
Bertran de Montferrand.
59

6 March 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Per-Arnaut d'Asse .

Grant for life to Assa Per-Arnaut d'Asse of the office of king's serjeant-at-arms , receiving in this office what others in this office used to receive, that is twelve d.st. each day on the king's custom of Bordeaux by the hands of the constable of Bordeaux. 1

By K. and petition of C.

1.
See the related entry entry 106 .
60

15 April 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Arnaut Micol of Bazas, citizen of Bordeaux .

17 November 1345 . Reule La Réole .

Grant for life, because of his good service he did to the king and Lancaster in the wars of Gascony, to Micolli Arnaut Micol of Vassato, de Bazas , citizen of Bordeaux , of the prévôté of Bazas and Bazadais 1 with its appurtenances, this prévôté having to return into the king's hands at his death. He has to have, hold, possess and govern it himself, or by a lieutenant or substitute, as he considers suitable, for the government of this prévôté. The earl of Lancaster orders by these presents the constable of Bordeaux, the Sanctus Macharius constable of Saint-Macaire or their lieutenants, as well as Dinak Gaucem d'Ignac, king's sergeant-at-arms , to put Micol in corporal possession of this prévôté with its issues and emoluments, and to maintain and defend Micol in its possession, any king's grant of this notwithstanding.

By petition of Parliament.

1.
For a map of the prévôté of Bazas and Bazadais, see Marquette, J.-B., 'Une famille de bourgeois bazadais: les Ladils (vers 1150-1315)', Les Cahiers du Bazadais , 43e année, 140 (2003), p.19.
61

26 April 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Nigel Loring . 1

12 November 1346 . Burdegale Bordeaux .

Grant for life to Lord Loreng Nigel Loring, kt , member of his household ( familiaris ), 2 because of his good service to the king in Anglia England and Scotia Scotland , as well the good service he did to the earl in the present war of Gascony, of the toll of Sanctus Macharius Saint-Macaire , with its emoluments, profits, issues and appurtenances, to be held by himself or through a delegate in his name. The earl forbids to the seneschal of Gascony, the constable of Bordeaux and all the other king's officers and subjects in the duchy to impede Loring or his delegate to receive the issues of this toll, and they have to punish those who oppose this.

Sealed by the seal of the earl of Lancaster.

By p.s.

1.
This entry and its title are struck-through. It is written in the margin: 'Void and letters returned because there are some other king's letters of 50 gold marks to be received at the exchequer in compensation as appear in the Patent Rolls of the 26th regnal year [of Edward III], in April [1352]'. In fact, this grant in compensation of the toll of Saint-Macaire is dated 6 November 1352 at the Tower of London. See Calendar of the Patent Rolls (CPR), 1350-4 , p.352.
2.
Edward III's household.
62

20 March 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning protection .

Order to all the king's officers in the duchy of Aquitaine, as the king has signed a soufferte 1 with Joan [of France], 2 queen of Navarre , Ebros countess of Évreux Enguolesme Angoulême , Mortayn Mortain and Longavilla Longueville , putting herself, her children and the men of her family, their horses, equipment and good in the king's safegard when they come in the duchy of Aquitaine, to permit it and protect them against any impediment and violence. 3

By p.s.

1.
A truce.
2.
Joan of France, daughter of the king of France Louis X (1314-6), queen of Navarre (1328-49).
3.
See the related entry entry 55 .

Concerning the sending of victuals to the town of Saint-Jean-d'Angély.

63

21 March 1348 . Westm' Westminster . 1

As the king has ordered Peter de la Sale to receive from the Sutht' sheriff of Hampshire 240 quarters of wheat, 200 quarters of oat and 40 quarters of peas and oat; from the Wiltes' sheriff of Wiltshire 160 quarters of wheat, 200 quarters of oat and 100 bacons, by indenture made between him and them, and bring them to Suthampton Southampton in order to bring them up to the town of Sanctus Johannes Ewangeliste Saint-Jean-d'Angély in Gascony 2 for the maintenance of the king's faithful men there. The king orders la Sale to be attendant on this. And the king had ordered these sheriffs to deliver him these victuals and arrest the necessary ships at the port of Southampton in order to bring them to Saint-Jean-d'Angély.

By K. and C.

1.
A note in the margin states extractus .
2.
This town was in Saintonge and thus in Aquitaine or Guyenne, but not in Gascony.
64

Same as above 1

Similar order to Dautri Thomas Dautre, serjeant-at-arms , to receive from the sheriffs of Somerset and Dorset 100 quarters of wheat, 300 quarters of broad beans, 100 quarters of peas, 100 quarters of broad beans and peas and 100 bacons at Briggewat' Bridgwater and from there bring them to Saint-Jean-d'Angély .

By K. and C.

1.
A note in the margin states extractus .
65

Same as above 1

Order to the Sutht' sheriff of Hampshire to receive as soon as possible for the king's business 40 quarters of broad beans and oat from the king's clerk Thomas Crosse at Boseham Bosham in Essex and furthermore receive 200 quarters of wheat and 200 quarters of oat in places of his county with the supervision and the advice of Roger Larcher, king's sergeant-at-arms , and bring them to the Sutht' port of Southampton and deliver them to Peter de la Sale and provide the necessary ships to transport these victuals, as well as other victuals provided by the Wiltes' sheriff of Wiltshire . The king orders to the port of Southampton to arrest ships and provide them to Peter de la Sale in order to bring these victuals to the town of Sanctus Johannes Ewangeliste Saint-Jean-d'Angély in Gascony. 2

By K. and C.

1.
A note in the margin states extractus .
2.
This town was in Saintonge and thus in Aquitaine or Guyenne, but not in Gascony.
66

Same as above 1

Order to the Wiltes' sheriff of Wiltshire to receive 160 quarters of wheat, 200 quarters of oat and 100 bacons in places of his county etc. mutadis mutandis as above.

By K. and C.

1.
A note in the margin states extractus .
67

Same as above 1

Similar order to the sheriffs of Somerset and Dorset to receive 100 quarters of wheat, 100 quarters of broad beans and peas and deliver them to Thomas Crosse or his deputy, and furthermore receive 300 quarters of broad beans, 100 quarters of peas and 100 bacons in their counties with the supervision and the advice of Dancastre William de Doncaster, clerk , and bring them to Bruggewat' Bridgwater and deliver them to Dautri Thomas Dautre, sergeant-at-arms , etc. mutadis mutandis as above.

By K. and C.

1.
A note in the margin states extractus .
68

22 March 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Ramon de Cayac .

Appointment at the king's pleasure of Kayac Ramon de Cayac as general serjeant in the duchy of Aquitaine , receiving there the same wages as the other general serjeants existing in the duchy used to receive.

By K. and C.

69

6 March 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Galhart Dupuch .

Grant to Podio, de Galhart Dupuch, kt , 1 of the right to build a 'maison-forte' or fortalice in his land situated within the parish of Sanctus Germanus de Podio Saint-Germain-du-Puch in the prévôté of Inter Duo Maria Entre-deux-Mers and reinforce it with a stone and lime wall and crenellate it. 2 He and his heirs can hold this fortalice in perpetuity without impediment by the king and his officers. However, they have to return this ‘maison-forte’ or fortalice to the king and his heirs at their demand whether in war or peace at the order of the king and his heirs or his seneschals in the duchy.

By K. and petition of C.

1.
The modern family name is Dupuch, but it was written in the Middle Ages as 'du Puch'.
2.
There is a still extant 14th century 'maison-forte' or castle of the Grand Puch and a 16th century 'maison-forte', but probably preceded by an older 'maison-forte', named the Petit Puch . See Drouyn, L. La Guienne militaire , vol.II, p.420-3, plate no.146 (for the Grand Puch) and p.423-6 (for the Petit Puch). These two 'maisons-fortes' are probably the result of the grant of two distinct authorizations to build a 'maison-forte' in Saint-Germain-du-Puch, the first given to Hélias Dupuch (on 6 May 1330, see entry entry in C 61/42 ) and the second to Ramon Dupuch (on 16 July 1330, see entry entry in C 61/42 . This entry probably means that one of this two grants has not been implemented.

For Gaubert de Beauville.

70

24 April 1348 . Wyndesore Windsor .

The king has granted to Bonis Villa, de Gaubert de Beauville, the king's valet , because of his good service towards the king in the wars of Gascony, the place of Mont Joye Montjoi with its appurtenances in the duchy [of Aquitaine], that Henry [de Grosmont], earl of Lancaster, former king's captain and lieutenant in Gascony, gave him, as well as half of Salvetat de Saberiis La Sauvetat-de-Savères with its appurtenances which was given to him by the seneschal of Gascony, these places not exceeding 40 l.st. per year in worth, to be held forever by Gaubert and his male legitimate heirs. And if he did not have any male legitimate heirs these places have to remain to Pons de Beauville , his brother, to be held forever from the king by him and his male legitimate heirs. And if Pons de Beauville does not have any male legitimate heirs, then these places have to return to the king.

By p.s.

71

Same as above

And it is ordered to the seneschal of Gascony to deliver the place of Montjoi and half of La Sauvetat-de-Savères to Gaubert de Beauville according to the form mentioned above.

By the same writ.

For William de James.

72

20 April 1348 . Westm' Westminster .

Grant to William de James to receive for life the customary fee of the office which was held by his deceased brother. William de James has supplicated the king and his council, at the last parliament, 1 in showing the letters patent of Ralph [de Stafford ], baron of Stafford , former seneschal of Gascony, and of Master Walweyn John Wawayn , then constable of Bordeaux, granting to Jacobus James de James , his brother, the office of the keepership and assay of the king's coinage, struck or to be struck, in the town of Sanctus Severius Saint-Sever , under certain conditions contained on these letters, and as James died in the king's service, William has requested the king to grant him his brother's office for life.

By petition of parliament.

1.
The parliament of Westminster which took place from 31 March 1348 to 13 April 1348.
73

Same as above

And it is ordered to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to deliver this office to William de James , any grant made by them of this office notwithstanding.

74

1 May 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For the men and inhabitants of l'Alleu .

Grant to the men and inhabitants of the places of Alewe, del l'Alleu , 1 in order to help them to rebuild the churches of their places which have been burned by the king's enemies, the goods that the Sancto Vedasto, de religious men of Saint-Vaast of Darras Arras , the king's rebels, have in these places and which went in the king's hands, during all the war between the king and his adversaries of France or until the king decides otherwise.

By K. and C.

1.
The 'pays de l'Alleu' (or pays de Lalau, pays de Lalleu, pays de l'Alloeu, pays de Lalleve, etc.), also called 'l'Alleu de Saint-Vaast' or 'l'Alleu de Saint-Vaast d'Arras', was a small land situated near Béthune between the counties of Artois and Flanders. It was under the formal authority of the abbey Saint-Vaast of Arras. It was made of the parishes of Fleurbaix and Laventie , of one part of the parish of La Gorgue and of several hamlets. According to an act of Philip VI, La Gorgue had been burnt and plundered by the English and this place was still occupied by them in February 1347. See Registres du Trésor des chartes. Tome III, Règne de Philippe de Valois. Troisième partie, JJ 76 à 79B : inventaire analytique , ed. A. Vallée (Paris, 1984), p.83, no.6660.
75

1 May 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For the échevins and inhabitants of l'Alleu .

The king gives up for three years from the next feast of Easter, 1 because the Aleuwe, de le échevins and inhabitants of l'Alleu have had their goods and possessions destroyed and burned by the king's enemies who have frequently invaded their territory so that they have barely something to live off, the tax they have to pay to the king on their oats from their lands, which corresponds to 42 muids ( myns ) according to the measure of Bithune Béthune .

By K. and C.

1.
On 12 April 1349.
76

24 April 1348 . Wyndesore Windsor . For Pons de Beauville, the worthy men and the community of Combebonnet .

Grant by this charter to Boef Ville, de Pons de Beauville , the worthy men ( probi homines ) and community of the town of Combe Beneyt Combebonnet 1 in the duchy of Gascony 2 requested the king that their heirs and successors have one market each week on Friday and one fair each year lasting three days, the day before Saint Julian's day, this same day, 3 , and the following day. Both market and fair not to harm neighbouring markets and fairs.

By p.s.

1.
The place of Combebonnet has now a castle of the 13th century essentially partly rebuilt in the second half of the 15th century, as well as the nearby church situated on a hill. The village situated at its foot has now disapeared. Combebonnet, com. Engayrac, arr. Agen, dép. Lot-et-Garonne.
2.
There was then no duchy of Gascony, but there was a duchy of Aquitaine or Guyenne.
3.
On 12 February or on 28 August.
77

3 April 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Master Johan Guitard, clerk .

27 August 1346 . Regualis La Réole .

Grant for life to Master Guitardi Johan Guitard, clerk , lawyer ( jurisperitus ), king's procurator and councillor , of the office of notary making [public] instruments for the ships and other boats freighted which are paying the king's customs at the castle of Bordeaux 1 and elsewhere in the duchy of Aquitaine, to be made by him or suitable deputies. It has been granted to him, as it has been noticed that many frauds and lies have been written on public acts, because of a lack of suitable notaries in the town of Bordeaux and elsewhere in the duchy for the ships and other boats freighted which are paying the king's customs, to the great damage of the king. The earl of Lancaster suspends the notaries and other officers who were writing at Bordeaux or elsewhere these public instruments, and forbids them to make them, any grant previously made to the contrary notwithstanding.

By K. and C. in parliament.

1.
The castle of the Ombrière of Bordeaux.
78

3 April 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Master Johan Guitard .

12 November 1345 . Reule La Réole .

Grant for life to Master Guitardi Johan Guitard , the king's procurator at the court of the seneschal of Gascony and within the duchy of Aquitaine , because of the good service his late father Master Johan Guitard, king's executor [of the seals and counter-seals for contracts at Bordeaux] and controller in the castle of Bordeaux , 1 as well as his good service as told by several king's officers and councillors and barons, of the offices of Agenn' keeper and executor of the king's seals and counter-seals in the cities of Agen and Condonium Condom , and in the towns and places of Marmanda Marmande , Podie Mirolle, de Puymirol , Penna Penne[-d'Agenais] , Villa Nova Villeneuve[-sur-Lot] and some other places being in the seneschalcy and land of Agenenn' Agenais , and their baylies and assizes in which these seals and counter-seals are used, as soon as they come into the king's hands or obedience, and their profits and emoluments; and the earl of Lancaster grants him as well the office of king's controller of the treasury of the seneschalcy and all the land of Agenais . He has to hold them himself or through substitutes. Any grant to the contrary is revoked by these presents. The earl of Lancaster informs about that the constable of Bordeaux through a public instrument written by a notary under the seal and counter-seal used for contracts at Bordeaux.

By K. and C. in parliament.

1.
The castle of the Ombrière of Bordeaux.

For Guiraut de Mente.

79

3 April 1348 . Westm' Westminster .

Grant for life to Guiraut de Mente , because of his good service to the king, of all the revenues, lands and tenements of the king's enemies and rebels in the parishes of Caunelhe Cauneille 1 and Peyreforade Peyrehorade . Mente will receive from them ten l. per year, and if these revenues exceed this sum per year, he will respond each year of the surplus to the constable of Bordeaux, any grant or allocation made by any king's officer or by the king notwithstanding.

By K. and C. in parliament.

1.
Guiraut de Mente probably came from Cauneille as there is still now a 'château de Mente' built on 18th century on the territory of this commune, heir of a medieval fortalice of the same name which was a caverie . A caverie was a small lordship in the Landes under the authority of another lordship with high jurisdiction, here the vicomté of Orthe.
80

Same as above

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to deliver them to Guiraut de Mente , so that he can receive ten l. per year.

81

28 March 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Walter Turk and John le Clerc .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony or his lieutenant to examine the trial made before Nicholas la Beche , former seneschal of Gascony, or to the other king's officers of [the duchy of Aquitaine], by Walter Turk and John le Clerk , citizens and merchants of London, and if he finds by its examination that the complaint is valid, they have to give them [letters] of marque or to make them full justice according to the fors and customs of those parts, so that they do not complain again to the king on that matter. They loaded seven lasts of red herrings ( allec rubeus ), and eight ox-hides, valued at 42 l.st. , in a ship called la Michel of London , of which Sarlot Stephen Scarlet , was master, in the port of London , which carried it to Burdeg' Bordeaux , where they planned to do business and make their profit. And though they delivered the goods to Guilhem Faure and Roke Ramon Laroque , men of Bordeaux , in whose house they were accustomed to stay, they did what they willed with the merchandise and unjustly refused to answer to them, or their attorney, for it. The king had ordered to the then seneschal of Gascony to call before him the parties and hear Turk and le Clerc's complaint, and if he notices that what they asserted was true he had to make full and swift justice to them on the return to them of these herrings and hides according to the local fors and customs. The king had learned that Nicholas de la Beche, then seneschal of Gascony, has written several times by his letters under the king's seal in use in the duchy [of Aquitaine] to the bayles and community of the town of Monte Pessulano, de Montpellier where Faure and Laroque brought these herrings and hides, and where they live since, to return them to Turk and le Clerc, and pay them to compensate these latter of their damages, but these bayles and community did not care to do it to Turk and le Clerc's great damage, so these latter have supplicated the king to bring them remedy on this matter. 1

1.
See the related entries: entry 160 in C 61/55 , entry 017 in C 61/57 .
82

26 March 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning money to be paid to the men of the garrison of the town of Saint-Jean-d'Angély .

Order to the constable of Bordeaux, as the men-at-arms as well as the archers and sergeants being in the garrison of the town of Sanctus Johannes Dangelyn Saint-Jean-d'Angély have shown to the king by their petition shown to the king and his council at the last parliament 1 that the king owes them various sums of money for the time they stood in garrison there, to obtain from the marshal , castellan and prévôt of Saint-Jean-d'Angély , or at least two of them, who were there from the time of the conquest of this town the names of the men-at-arms, archers and sergeants who are staying in the garrison of this town, and have from them, or at least two of them, full information, account with them of the wages of these men and pay these latter or make suitable allocations to them according to this account.

By K. and petition of C.

1.
The parliament which took place at Westminster from 14 January to 12 February 1348.
83

15 April 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Thomas Cok, seneschal of Gascony .

Order to the constable of Bordeaux to account with Thomas Cok , seneschal of Gascony, for the men he has retained at the king's service and to pay them or make them some suitable allocations in the duchy of Aquitaine. Previously, the king had granted to Thomas Cok, seneschal of Gascony, to have as long as he is in this office 20 men-at-arms pertaining to this office as well as the annual wages of 500 l.st. to be received from the constable of Bordeaux, and it was agreed that Cok will have in addition in time of war 20 men-at-arms and 40 archers at the king's wages to be received from the constable of Bordeaux; but Cok has supplicated the king that during this time of truce made between the king and his adversary he was not able to access the castles and places he directed without a great retinue, so he has retained and still retains in addition to the usual 20 men-at-arms, some other 20 men-at-arms and 100 archers and serjeants, so he has requested to pay for them.

By petition of C.

For Bertran de Paleyrac.

84

20 April 1348 . Westm' Westminster .

Appointment, with the consent of the king's council, of Palirac Bertran de Paleyrac to the office of supervisor of the masters [of the king's money], and keeper of the king's money in the duchy of Aquitaine, and counter-assayer of the making of the money . Paleyrac has to receive for each mark ( marca ) of the money minted by the minters of the duchy one pougeoise ( pogetum ), 1 that is the fourth part of one d. of the minted money with silver minted by the hands of the masters of the money, as long as Paleyrac behaves well in this office.

By petition of parliament.

1.
It refered to a coin of a quarter of a 'denier', originally from Le Puy[-en-Velay].
85

Same as above

And it is ordered to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to deliver this office to Bertran de Paleyrac and permit him to hold it according to the above king's letters.

86

20 April 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Pey Fort, prévôt of the town of Saint-Jean-d'Angély .

Order to the constable of Bordeaux to account with Pey Fort, prévôt of the town of Saint-Jean-d'Angély, of the wages owed to his men who are in the garrison of this town, as well as the restaur of their lost horses, and then he has to pay 12 d.st. per day for each man-at-arms, 2 d.st. per day for each sergeant with spear, 3 d.st. per day for each crossbowman on foot, and 4 d.st. per day for each mounted archer, or make them some suitable allocation. Furt Pey Fort, Sanctus Johannes Dangelyn prévôt of the town of Saint-Jean-d'Angély has supplicated the king by his petition shown before the king and his council in parliament 1 asserting that the king owes him various sums of money, for his own wages as well as for 9 men-at-arms, 30 foot sergeants with spears, 20 foot crossbowmen and 10 archers which are in his retinue for the garrison of this town since it has been conquered, that is from 29 September 1347, 2 as well as the restaur of their horses lost in the king's service, so Pey Fort has requested the king to pay them these sums.

By petition of parliament.

1.
The parliament of Westminster which took place between 14 January 1348 and 12 February 1348.
2.
In fact Saint-Jean-d'Angély was taken by Henry de Grosmont, earl of Lancaster, on 22 September 1346.
87

1 May 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For the échevins and inhabitants of l'Alleu .

Confirmation and grant to the Alewe, del échevins ( scabini ), communities and inhabitants of l'Alleu 1 to have, exercise and enjoy their privileges, liberties and customs as their ancestors did. The king orders to his prévôt ( prepositus ) [of l'Alleu] by the tenor of these presents to protect them from any violence made by some king's sergeants or anybody else. The échevins, communities and inhabitants of l'Alleu have been frequently attacked by the king's enemies of these regions who killed their kinsmen and their compatriots ( vicini ), who burnt the most part of their houses, charters and writings, and destroyed their other goods, movable and immovable, because they had joined the king's party and obedience, so they have requested the king to confirm their privileges, liberties and customs.

By K. and C.

1.
The 'pays de l'Alleu' (or pays de Lalau, pays de Lalleu, pays de l'Alloeu, pays de Lalleve, etc.), also called 'l'Alleu de Saint-Vaast' or 'l'Alleu de Saint-Vaast d'Arras', was a small land situated near Béthune between the counties of Artois and Flanders. It was under the formal authority of the abbey Saint-Vaast of Arras. It was made of the parishes of Fleurbaix and Laventie , of one part of the parish of La Gorgue and of several hamlets. According to an act of Philip VI, La Gorgue had been burnt and plundered by the English and this place was still occupied by them in February 1347. See Registres du Trésor des chartes. Tome III, Règne de Philippe de Valois. Troisième partie, JJ 76 à 79B : inventaire analytique , ed. A. Vallée (Paris, 1984), p.83, no.6660.
88

1 May 1348 . Wodestok Woodstock . Concerning an appointment .

To all mayors, sheriffs, lieutenants, admirals, owners, masters, constables and mariners of ships and the bailiffs, officers and other faithful subjects.

Appointment of Robert Gyene, Bristoll' mayor of the town of Bristol , and Thomas Cary, sheriff of Somerset and Dorset , to swiftly arrest two ships with a gross tonnage situated between 120 and 140 tuns ( dolia ) in the ports of Bristoll' Bristol and Briggewater Bridgwater for the carriage of victuals up to the town of Sanctus Johannes Aungelyn Saint-Jean-d'Angély in Gascony 1 for its maintenance, and they have to deliver them to Dautre, de Thomas Dautre, king's sergeant-at-arms , the king had deputed to the task to bring victuals to this town.

By K.

1.
Saint-Jean-d'Angély was in Saintonge, not in Gascony. For the English Gascony was used as a synonymous of duchy of Aquitaine (or Guyenne), but the locals did not follow this usage.
89

22 March 1348 . Loundres London . Indenture made between the king and Bertran de Montferrand. .

[in French]

Indenture made between Edward [III] , king of England and France on one hand, and Bertran [I de Montferrand], Mounferand lord of Montferrand , kt , on the other hand.

It has been agreed between them that Montferrand has accepted to keep the Lezingen castle of Lusignan between now and the 1 November 1348, and he has to have as retinue during the time of truces 50 men-at-arms and 250 foot sergeants, and during war time 100 men-at-arms and 400 sergeants on which 150 will be crossbowmen and archers, and these 100 men-at-arms will be retained by Montferrand during the month before the end of the truce. They will receive as wages: Bertran de Montferrand for himself four s.st. per day, for each knight two s.st. , for each squire twelve d.st. per day, for the fourth part of the sergeants who will be crossbowmen and archers two [or] three d.st. per day, and for the other sergeants two d.st. per day. And Montferrand will receive 500 l.st. tp pay these wages between the date of these presents and 1 November 1348, and to pay this sum he will have half of the profit of the minting of Burdeux Bordeaux owned by the king until he is fully paid of these 500 l.st. , or this sum has to be allocated on a suitable place. And if the profit of this minting is allocated to anyone else and Montferrand cannot have swiftly a suitable allocation elsewhere, the king wants that all allocations made on the profit of this minting to some other persons since the departure of John Wawayn, former constable of Bordeaux, be suspended. And if Montferrand does not receive this sum of 500 l.st. between the date of these presents and 1 November 1348, he has to be relieved of the keepership of the castle of Lusignan and will give this keepership to the seneschal of Gascony. The king wants that the constable of Bordeaux accounts with Bertran de Montferrand of what will be owed of the wages of him and his men during the period between the date of these presents and the 1 November 1348, and he will pay him or make him a suitable allocation in the places he will be able to make such allocation. In case the king or those appointed by him in Gascony will decide to put another captain for the castle of Lusignan, or Montferrand render this castle after the 1 November 1348, Montferrand and his men will be allowed to leave with their goods and return to their country without any impediment, if there is not another agreement made between the king and Montferrand. The king wants Montferrand to receive for five years from each mark of the king's coinage minted in Gascony 1 d. by the hands of the masters and keepers of this coinage, and by indentures made between these masters and Montferrand or his attorney, in part of payment of the debts the king owes to Montferrand for the wages of himself and his men since the arrival of the Destafford baron of Stafford in Gascony as shown on letters or writs of the Lancastre earl of Lancaster or of the constable of Bordeaux, in case the la Bret lord of Albret , to which part of this coinage is allocated for a certain period, agrees to it; and in case he does not want to agree Montferrand will receive 2 d. from each mark of the king's coinage minted in Gascony for five years after Albret's period of time, by Master Johan de Gascogne; and if Montferrand cannot obtain this allocation on the coinage during this five year period, then he should have the baylies of Mareinne Marennes in Xainctoigne Saintonge and of Seint Pastour Saint-Pastour in Ageneys Agenais which are now in the hands of the French, if it happens they are recovered by the king or his men, then they have to be granted to Montferrand by the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to be held until he is fully paid of the debts owed to him by the king, and he has received also from the coinage, he will have to respond to the king for the surplus. The king and Bertran de Montferrand have put their seals to this indenture.

Concerning the keepership of the castle [of Bordeaux] and the office of the constable of Bordeaux granted to John de Streatley.
90

28 April 1348 . Westminster .

Appointment during pleasure of Master Stretle John de Streatley, king’s clerk , as keeper of the castle of Bordeaux Burdeg' , and to the office of constable of Bordeaux , having with the same all that pertains to the office, so that he answers to the king for all the issues taken for the office, taking the customary fee.

By the same K.

91

Same as above

And it is ordered to the current seneschal of Gascony or his lieutenant to deliver this keepership and office to John [de Streatley] according to the tenor of the king's letters.

92

Same as above

And it is ordered to the person exercising the office of constable of Bordeaux to deliver to John [de Streatley] the keepership of the [ castle of Bordeaux ] and the office [of constable of Bordeaux ], together with the keys, rolls, papers, memoranda and all other things belonging to the same, by an indenture made between him and Streatley.

93

Same as above

And it is ordered to the Xanton' seneschal of Saintonge , Agenn' treasurer of Agenais and all other bayles of the king in the duchy, that they order all their bayles who have not rendered final accounts for their bailiwicks or offices to do so now without delay to John [de Streatley] .

94

Same as above

And it is ordered to all liege men and subjects of the duchy of Aquitaine, that they are to be attendant to and answer John [de Streatley] in all things that pertain to his office as long as he is constable of Bordeaux.

95

1 May 1348 . Westminster . For Thomas de Hampton, kt .

12 November 1346 . Burdegale Bordeaux .

Restitution by the earl of Lancaster by these presents of the office of seneschal of the Landes to Thomas de Hampton, kt , at the king's or the earl's will, any appointment to this office by the earl of the seneschal of Gascony notwithstanding. As the earl of Lancaster wanted to make a chevauchée ( equitare ) against the king's enemies and damage them according to the laws of war ( solitum modum guerre ), he used in this business Thomas de Hampton, kt, then seneschal of the Landes, and as he did not want to leave the seneschalcy of the Landes without any government, he had removed Hampton from this office and has appointed another seneschal at the king's or the earl's will. The earl orders to all the barons, prelates, nobles, commoners, communities and all the other inhabitants of the seneschalcy and land of the Landes to obey and attend Thomas de Hampton as seneschal of the Landes, and take oath to him and receive his customary oath.

By petition of parliament. 1

1.
The Westminster Parliament which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
96

3 April 1348 . Westminster . For Gaubert de Beauville and his brother Pons [de Beauville] .

Order to the constable of Bordeaux that having seen the bills of the sums of money owed to Gaubert de Beauville and his brother Pons, if their claim is true, he has to swiftly pay them from the king's treasure [of the duchy of Aquitaine] or make them a suitable allocation, then he has to take these bills. Bovis Villa, de Gaubert de Beauville, the king's valet , and his brother Pons [de Beauville] have supplicated the king, as this latter owes them several sums of money from the time they were in the king's service in Gascony, as appears on various bills of the constable of Bordeaux they have, to pay them or to make them a suitable allocation.

By p.s.

97

1 May 1348 . Westminster . Concerning the ships arrested for the passage of Edmund Doddingseles .

To all mayors, sheriffs, lieutenants, admirals, owners, masters, constables and mariners of ships and the bailiffs, officers and other faithful subjects.

Appointment of Roger Larcher, king's sergeant-at-arms , who has to arrest three ships with a gross tonnage situated between 120 and 140 tuns ( dolia ) in the Suthampton' port of Southampton or in the port of Plumuth' Plymouth for the journey of Doddyngseles Edmund Doddingseles and some other men-at-arms and archers to Gascony where they will serve the king, any arrest of ships by the king's admiral or his lieutenants notwithstanding.

By K.

98

1 May 1348 . Westminster . For Ramon-Guilhem [de Caupenne] . 1

Grant for life to Ramon-Guilhem [de Caupenne], Cava Penna, de lord of Caupenne , for his good service in the present king's war of Gascony and elsewhere and for the damages he suffered, of all the king's profits in the bastide 2 of Toulousote Toulouzette which is situated within the Marssan bishopric of Marsan , 3 and all the profits of the Sanctus Edwardus bastide of Saint-Édouard and Baix parish of Baigts , 4 and also of the houses of la Nonelle , of Sanctus Johannes de la Barree Saint-Jean de la Barree and the Louppien house of Loupien in the la Fousse parish of Lahosse , the house of Bernat Prignon , the la Borde house of Laborde , the house of Berguer and the Vie house of Menaut Bie , houses which worth each year to the value of 12 l.st. or around according to what Caupenne asserts, the total worth of these grants being 24 l.st. per year. If this total value exceeds this latter sum he has to respond of the surplus to the constable of Bordeaux. When Caupenne dies these bastides and houses have to return to the king or his heirs. The king always keeps his superior lordship and jurisdiction over these bastides and houses.

By K. and petition of parliament. 5

1.
It is written extractus in the margin.
2.
New town.
3.
The 'bishopric of Marsan' was the popular name of the diocese of Aire.
4.
On the creation of the bastide of Saint-Édouard on the territory sintuated on the parish of Baigts, see entry 113 in C 61/38 . And Beresford, M., New towns of the Middle Ages (London, 1967), p.609.
5.
The Westminster Parliament which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
99

1 May 1348 . Westminster . For Ramon-Guilhem, lord of Caupenne .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony to deliver the bastides 1 and houses [mentioned below] to Ramon-Guilhem [de Caupenne], Cava Penna, de lord of Caupenne , and permit him to hold them according to the king's letters. The king grants for life to Ramon-Guilhem [de Caupenne], lord of Caupenne, for his good service in the present king's war of Gascony and elsewhere and for the damages he suffered, of all the king's profits in the bastide of Toulousote Toulouzette which is situated within the Marssan bishopric of Marsan , 2 and all the profits of the Sanctus Edwardus bastide of Saint-Édouard and Baix parish of Baigts , 3 and also of the houses of la Nonelle , of Sanctus Johannes de la Barree Saint-Jean de la Barree and the Louppien house of Loupien in the la Fousse parish of Lahosse , the house of Bernat Prignon , the la Borde house of Laborde , the house of Berguer and the Vie house of Menaut Bie , houses which worth each year to the value of 12 l.st. or around according to what Caupenne asserts, the total worth of these grants being 24 l.st. per year. If this total value exceeds this latter sum he has to respond of the surplus to the constable of Bordeaux. When Caupenne dies these bastides and houses have to return to the king or his heirs. The king always keeps his superior lordship and jurisdiction over these bastides and houses.

By K. and petition of parliament. 4

1.
New towns.
2.
The 'bishopric of Marsan' was the popular name of the diocese of Aire.
3.
On the creation of the bastide of Saint-Édouard on the territory sintuated on the parish of Baigts, see entry 113 in C 61/38 . And Beresford, M., New towns of the Middle Ages (London, 1967), p.609.
4.
The Westminster Parliament which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
100

3 May 1348 . Westminster . For Arnaut Pagan .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony that having summoned before him the parties [mentioned below] and heard them, he has to make full justice to Arnaut Pagan according to the local fors and customs, so that this complaint does not reach again the king. Master Arnaut Pagan, king's clerk , has supplicated the king, as the mayor, jurats and community of the town of Bordeaux owe to him or the writer delegated by him 100 l.t. as Pagan has written a legal defence [document] under his seal for the business of this town and community, and they have often been requested to pay this sum by Pagan and his proctors, but they did not pay him and obviously refuse to pay him, so Pagan has requested the king to have a remedy.

For Bertran [de Montferrand], lord of Montferrand.

101

12 March 1348 . Westm' Westminster .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to pay what is owed to Bertran [I de Montferrand], Monte Ferrandi, de lord of Montferrand according to the indenture made between him and the king, 1 and if the lord of Albret does not assent to it, then they have to give to Montferrand two d. from each mark of the king's coinage minted in Gascony for five years after Albret's period of time, according to the form of this indenture.

By K. and C.

1.
On 22 March 1348, see entry 89 .
102

Same as above

Order to the masters and keepers of the king's money in the duchy of Aquitaine to obey and attend Bertran [I de Montferrand], lord of Montferrand , or his attorney according to the indenture made between him and the king.

By K. and C.

103

20 April 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Thomas Cok, seneschal of Gascony .

Order to the constable of Bordeaux to account with Thomas Cok or his attorney of his fee, his wages, those of his men and of the price of their lost horses, he has to pay what he has found or make an allocation on the issues of the duchy [of Aquitaine]. Thomas Cok , seneschal of Gascony, has supplicated the king that the king owes him several sums of money for his fee, his wages, those of his men-at-arms, on foot or mounted, and for their horses lost in the king's service in the duchy of Aquitaine, so he has requested the king to pay them or to make a suitable satisfaction on the issues of the duchy, accounting five d.bord. of good money for one sterling.

By petition of C.

104

1 May 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Aymar de Beauvoir, kt .

12 January 1346 . Reule La Réole .

The earl of Lancaster admits Bello Videre, de Aymar de Beauvoir, knight from de partibus Vian' Viennois , 1 who fights for the king for many years in Gascony and elsewhere, 2 as the king's liege man who will serve the king against everybody except for the Viana dauphin of Vienne 3 and the Savoya count of Savoie , receiving yearly as such 100 l.st. to be received in two terms a year in equal portions, at Easter and at Michaelmas, from the issues of the duchy of Aquitaine by the hands of the constable of Bordeaux.

By K. and bill of parliament. 4

1.
The province of Dauphiné.
2.
He was Aymar de Beauvoir, lord of Beauvoir-de-Marc , then a vassal of the count of Savoy. He was employed in Gascony as mercenary by Edward III since at least 1338, see entry in C 61/50 , entry in C 61/50 .
3.
The dauphin of Viennois (Dauphiné).
4.
The parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
105

6 May 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Arnaut de Durfort .

Order to the constable of Bordeaux to account with Duro Forti, de Arnaut [III] de Durfort or his attorney of his wages, those of his men and of the price of their lost horses, he has to pay what he has found or make an allocation on the issues of the duchy [of Aquitaine]. Arnaut de Durfort has supplicated the king that the king owes him several sums of money for his wages, those of his men and for their horses lost in the king's service, so he has requested the king to pay them or to make a suitable satisfaction.

By petition of parliament. 1

1.
The parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
106

6 March 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Per-Arnaut d'Asse .

Order to the constable of Bordeaux to pay the annual wages of Per-Arnaut d'Asse on the king's custom of Bordeaux. The king has granted for life to Assa Per-Arnaut d'Asse the office of king's serjeant-at-arms . 1 He has to receive in this office what others in this office used to receive, that is twelve d.st. each day on the king's custom of Bordeaux by the hands of the constable of Bordeaux.

By petition of parliament. 2

1.
See entry 59 .
2.
The parliament of Westminster which took place between 14 January 1348 and 12 February 1348.
107

20 April 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For the men and inhabitants of the places of l'Alleu .

The king confirms by these presents the grant [mentioned below] to the men and inhabitants of l'Alleu. 1 It has to be received for three years from the date of these presents and not any damage, violence nor impediment has to be done against them. The avoués, échevins, consuls, deans and captains of the town of Ipren Ypres 2 have granted, in help of maintenance of the status of the del Alewe men and inhabitants of the places of l'Alleu , whose goods and possessions have been destroyed several times by their enemies who attacked them, of all the goods of [the abbeys of] Sancto Vedasto, de Saint-Vaast[ of Arras] and of Chokes Chocques being beyond the [river] Lys within [the land of] l'Alleu , as well as the goods being levied for their enemies living outside l'Alleu. And these goods will be allocated by the advice and the ordinance of the échevins and consuls of l'Alleu, as appear in the letters of the avoués, échevins, consuls, deans and captains of the town of Ypres the king has confirmed.

By K. and C.

1.
The 'pays de l'Alleu' (or pays de Lalau, pays de Lalleu, pays de l'Alloeu, pays de Lalleve, etc.), also called 'l'Alleu de Saint-Vaast' or 'l'Alleu de Saint-Vaast d'Arras', was a small land situated near Béthune between the counties of Artois and Flanders. It was under the formal authority of the abbey Saint-Vaast of Arras. It was made of the parishes of Fleurbaix and Laventie , of one part of the parish of La Gorgue and of several hamlets. According to an act of Philip VI, La Gorgue had been burnt and plundered by the English and this place was still occupied by them in February 1347. See Registres du Trésor des chartes. Tome III, Règne de Philippe de Valois. Troisième partie, JJ 76 à 79B : inventaire analytique , ed. A. Vallée (Paris, 1984), p.83, no.6660.
2.
Its official name is Leper in Flemish Dutch.

For Galhard Dupuch.

108

4 April 1348 . Westm' Westminster . 1

Grant for life to Podio, de Galhart Dupuch , because of his various good service to the king in the garrison ( in municione ) of the town of Sanctus Johannes Daungelyn Saint-Jean-d'Angély and elsewhere in Gascony, of the Chaumpaignac baillie of Champagnac , which is now in the hands of some king's enemies, to have, as soon as it returns in the king's hands, with its issues and emoluments for an annual farm ( census ) other persons want to pay. And he has to receive for life from these issues and emoluments 20 l.st. or their value in another money. If the revenues of this baillie are exceeding 20 l.st. per year, Dupuch will respond of the surplus to the constable of Bordeaux. This baillie will return to the king at Dupuch's death.

By K. and bill of Parliament. 2

1.
It is written extractus in the margin.
2.
The parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
109

1 May 1348 . Westm' Westminster .

And it is ordered to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to deliver the baillie of Champagnac to Galhart Dupuch as soon as it return in the king's hands. He has to hold it according to the king's letters.

By K. and bill of Parliament. 1

1.
The parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
110

1 May 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Thomas de Hampton, seneschal of the Landes .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux that having seen the bills owed by Thomas Hampton, they allocate him, in payment of the sums of money owed to him, he receives two d. for each mark ( marca ) of the profits and emoluments of the money coined in the duchy of Aquitaine by the hands of the masters and keepers of the money of the duchy, until he is fully paid of the sums owed to him. Proviso it is not made at the prejudice of the lords of Albret and Montferrand who have also allocation on these profits and emoluments. Thomas de Hampton, seneschal of the Landes , has supplicated the king by a petition shown before the king and his council in the last parliament, 1 that he has been in the king's service in his seneschalcy and elsewhere by order of Henry [de Grosmont], earl of Lancaster , former king's lieutenant in the duchy of Aquitaine, and several sums of money are owed to him for this service as appear in several bills sealed by the constable of Bordeaux he has. Hampton has requested the king to receive for payment two d. for each mark ( marca ) of the profits and emoluments of the money coined in the duchy of Aquitaine.

By petition of Parliament. 2

1.
The parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
2.
The parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
111

6 May 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Arnaut de Durfort, concerning an inquiry .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony, the constable of Bordeaux and the seneschal of the Landes to make an inquiry about the conflict between the nobles and the other inhabitants of the land of Labourd and Arnaut [III] de Durfort, and find they have accepted this latter as their lord and did homage to him or gave oath to him, as Durfort asserts in his petition. They have to investigate if the damages that will be caused if the land of Labourd is returned to Durfort, to find the true annual value of the revenues of this land in case the king cannot return it to Durfort, in order to find out a compensation. They have to inform themselves about all the circumstances of the dissents and dissensions in order to bring peace. They have personally to travel to the city of Bayonne , which is situated next to the land of Labourd, and summoned before themselves the worthy ( probi ) and law men ( legaliores ) of this land, nobles as well as the others, they will find necessary to summon, and the king's procurator of this region , and they have to inform themselves by oath or by other means they will find suitable. They will send to the king what they found, as well as their advice, under the king's seal in use in the duchy of Aquitaine. Previously, the king had put in his hands, following the advice of his council and in order to avoid the perils that could happen, the land of Labourd he previously granted to Duro Forti, de Arnaut [III] de Durfort , because of the dissensions he had with some inhabitants of this land. And afterwards the king has granted to the nobles and commoners of the land of Labourd that their land will be never be put outside the king's hands by grant or any other means and that this land was united forever to the crown [of England], the grant to Arnaut de Durfort notwithstanding, as the land of Labourd is situated on the borders of the duchy of Aquitaine and is adjacent to the kingdoms of Ispania Castile , Navarra Navarre and some others, and could be easily lost if it was put into other hands than those of the king, and because of the agitation caused by the grant to Durfort which was revoked by the king. But Arnaut de Durfort has supplicated by his petition shown before the king and his council, to have this land of Labourd returned to him according to the form of the king's grant previously done, and has asserted that the main part of the inhabitants of Labourd, nobles and others, did homage to him and gave oath to him as their direct lord. But several inhabitants of Labourd have explained by their petition shown to the same parliament 1 all the damages that could happen if the Labourd was given to Durfort.

By petition of Parliament. 2

1.
It means that the petition of Arnaut de Durfort was shown during a parliament.
2.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
112

24 April 1348 . Wyndesore Windsor . For John Corbyn, kt . 1

Grant for life to Courben John Corbyn, kt , in reward of his good service in Gascony, of 30 l.st. to be received each year from the issues of the castellany and Parcowe prévôté of the town of Parcoul by the hands of the constable of Bordeaux. If it happens that Corbyn obtains the keepership of this town, he will respond of the surplus to the constable of Bordeaux.

By p.s.

1.
It is written extractus in the margin.
113

26 April 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Guitart Fort .

Grant for life to Fourt Guitart Fort , for his good service in the duchy of Aquitaine, of 20 l.st. to be received each year on the issues and emoluments of the des... house of Venours situated within the Lesyngnayn castellany of Lusignan .

By p.s.

114

24 April 1348 . Wyndesore Windsor . For Bertran d'Espagne .

Grant for life to Despayne Bertran d'Espagne, kt , for the good service he did in the town of Aguillon Aiguillon at the time of its siege 1 and also in support of the great expenses he made in the king's service, of 30 l.st. to be received each year on the issues of the prévôté and Sayntes castellany of Saintes which is now outside the king's hands, 2 as soon as it returns to the king's obedience.

By p.s.

1.
The siege of Aiguillon by the French which took place between 1 April and 22 August 1346 and was led by the duke of Normandy, future King John II of France.
2.
Saintes was then in the French hands.

For Guillaume de Montendre

115

Same as above

1

Grant for life to Mountaundre Guillaume de Montendre, the king's valet , for the good service he did in the town of Aguillon Aiguillon at the time of its siege, 2 as well in compensation for the damages he suffered in the king's service, of 20 l.st. to be received each year on the issues received by the king on the parishes of Sutyak Civrac 3 and Sancto Sevino, de Saint-Savin which are now outside the king's hands, 4 as soon as they return to the king's obedience.

By p.s.

1.
The date is an error as the following order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux is dated 4 April 1348.
2.
The siege of Aiguillon by the French which took place between 1 April and 22 August 1346 and was led by the duke of Normandy, future King John II of France.
3.
This name has been highly distorted by the English clerks as they have read Sutyak instead of Sivrac .
4.
It means they were then in the French hands.
116

4 April 1348 . Westm' Westminster .

And it is ordered to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to pay this sum to Guillaume of Montendre as appear in the king's letters copied above.

By p.s.

117

26 April 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Guitart Fort .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to pay the yearly sum of 20 l.st. to Guitart Fort as appear in the king's letters about it. 1 The king has granted for life to Fourt Guitart Fort , for his good service in the duchy of Aquitaine, 20 l.st. to be received each year on the issues and emoluments of the des Venours house of Venours situated within the Lesyngnayn castellany of Lusignan .

By p.s.

1.
See entry 113 .
118

26 April 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Bertran d'Espagne .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to pay the yearly sum of 30 l.st. to Bertran d'Espagne as appear in the king's letters about it. 1 The king has granted for life to Despayne Bertran d'Espagne, kt , for the good service he did in the town of Aguillon Aiguillon at the time of its siege 2 and also in support of the great expenses he made in the king's service, 30 l.st. to be received each year on the issues of the prévôté and Sayntes castellany of Saintes which is now outside the king's hands, 3 as soon as it returns to the king's obedience.

By p.s.

1.
See entry 114 .
2.
The siege of Aiguillon by the French which took place between 1 April and 22 August 1346 and was led by the duke of Normandy, future King John II of France.
3.
Saintes was then in the French hands.
119

24 April 1348 . Wyndesore Windsor . For John Corbyn, kt .

Order to the constable of Bordeaux to pay the annual sum of 30 l.st. from the issues of the castellany and prévôté of the town of Parcoul as appear in the king's letters about it. 1 The king has granted for life to Courben John Corbyn, kt , in reward of his good service in Gascony, 30 l.st. to be received each year from the issues of the castellany and Parcowe prévôté of the town of Parcoul by the hands of the constable of Bordeaux. If it happens that Corbyn obtains the keepership of this town, he will respond of the surplus to the constable of Bordeaux.

By p.s.

1.
See entry 112 .

Concerning protection.

120

14 May 1348 . Westminster .

Letters of protection with clause volumus for one year, granted to Baldewyn Thomas Baldwin , who is setting out to Gascony with Master Stretlee John de Streatley in the king’s service and on the king’s orders.

By testimony of the same John [Streatley].

Similar letters of protection for the same duration to the following, also setting out to Gascony with John Streatley in the king’s service, under the same date:

1.
In fact the main person who is going to the king's service in Gascony.
121

15 May 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning attorneys .

Letters of general attorney in England for one year to Thomas de Hampton, kt , who is setting out to Gascony nominating Chelreye Edmund de Chelrey and William de Mirfeld alternatively.

Thomas de Brayton received the attorneys.

122

14 May 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning attorneys .

Letters of general attorney in England for one year to Master Stretlee John de Streatley , who is setting out to Gascony, nominating John de la More of Murselee Mursley and Bledelawe John de Bledlow alternatively.

William Power received the attorneys.

123

12 May 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Arnaut de Durfort .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to gather around them some religious and military men, as well as some worthy ( probi ) and law men of the duchy of Aquitaine we can trust and find the truth with them. They have to do that in presence of the king's procurators in the duchy and have to inform without delay the king about it under the king's seal in use in the duchy. Arnaut [III de Durfort] , son of Duro Forti, de Arnaut [II] de Durfort , has supplicated the king that him and his father have lost for sixteen years 1 the profits and emoluments of their castles, lands, tenements and issues because of the war made between the king and his adversary of France 2 and their support to the king, so he has requested the king to have a compensation for his losses. The king wants to be informed of the annual value of the losses Arnaut [III de Durfort] has suffered.

By bill of Parliament. 3

1.
Around 1332.
2.
Philip VI of Valois, king of France (1328-50).
3.
The parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
124

20 May 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Bertran [de] Paleyrac .

Grant to Palirac Bertran de Paleyrac, the king's valet , to appoint a suitable substitute for the office of counter-assayer in the city of Bordeaux . The king orders to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to permit it. The king has granted the office of supervisor of the masters, and keeper of the king's money in the duchy of Aquitaine, and counter-assayer of the making of the money to Bertran de Paleyrac, as it appears in the king's letters about it. 1 But he has to often perform the office of counter-assayer everywhere in the duchy of Aquitaine, but he cannot be free easily, so he has requested to have a suitable substitute for this office at Bordeaux.

By C.

1.
On 20 April 1348, see entry 84 .

For the jurats and consuls of the city of Bazas.

125

Grant to the Vasaten' jurats, consuls and community of the city of Bazas to be exempted forever of the payment at Bordeaux of all royal customs, small and great, on their own wines growing within one league around their city. If some citizens of Bazas try to use this privilege for their wines growing outside this league, their wines will be lost and forfeited. They have to pay for them the same customs they paid to the king's predecessors, kings of England, before their city was occupied by the French. 2 The jurats and consuls of the city of Bazas have supplicated the king for themselves and the community of their city, by their petition shown to the king and his council, that among various agreements made between them and Bernat[-Etz V d'Albret], Lebreto, de lord of Albret , as well as Waleweyn John Wawayn , former constable of Bordeaux, on the surrender of their city to the king's obedience, 3 it had been promised to the citizens of Bazas by oath of Albret and Wawayn that they will be exempted forever of the payment at Bordeaux of the great custom on the wines, as more fully appear in a public instrument.

1.
It is written extractus in the margin.
2.
From 1325.
3.
Bazas surrendered to the English on 3 January 1347.
126

1 June 1348 . Westm' Westminster .

Order to the constable of Bordeaux to permit the jurats, consuls and others of the city of Bazas not to make them pay the great custom on the wines on their own wines growing within one league around Bazas, proviso that they pay for their wines growing outside this league.

127

1 May 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Aymar de Beauvoir .

Order to the constable of Bordeaux to pay at Easter and Michaelmas to Aymar de Beauvoir the annual rent of 100 l.st. the earl of Lancaster has granted to him. 1

By K. and petition of parliament. 2

1.
See entry 104 .
2.
The parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.

For Johan de Latour, citizen of the city of Bazas.

128

15 May 1348 . Westm' Westminster .

Grant to la Tour Johan de Latour, Vasaten' citizen of the city of Bazas , for the useful service he did to the king in the surrender of this city, 1 of the land who was owned in the same city and its jurisdiction by Russinholus, Cosyn Rossinhol de Cousin who has been sentenced to death when Bazas was in the obedience of the French, because of the offences and excesses he did in Bazas and its jurisdiction. 2 Johan de Latour and his heirs have to hold it from the king to partly reward Latour's service he did to the king, and in compensation of a mill formerly granted to him which has been fully destroyed by the French, any grant or allocation of this land to the contrary notwithstanding.

By petition of parliament 3 and later by K.

1.
On 3 January 1347.
2.
In May 1340, the king of France Philip VI granted the goods of the executed Rossinhol Cousin ( de Cosino ) in Agenais and Bazadais to Bertran Marquès , burgess of Bazas, in compensation of the goods he had lost in Bordelais, seized by the English. See Registres du Trésor des chartes. Tome III, Règne de Philippe de Valois. Deuxième partie, JJ 70 à 75 : inventaire analytique , ed. J. Viard and A. Vallée (Paris, 1979), p.184, no. 4453.
3.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
129

24 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to deliver this land to Johan de Latour and maintain him in its possession.

130

Same as above

Order to the constable of Bordeaux to account with Johan de Latour of the wages owed to him and pay him without delay from the issues of the duchy of Aquitaine or make him a suitable allocation. la Tour Johan de Latour, Vasaten' citizen of the city of Bazas , that he has retained since the first day Bazas went to the king's obedience 1 three mounted men-at-arms and 20 foot sergeants at the king's wages and incurred certain other expenses without being by the king, so Latour requests the king to pay his wages, those of his men and make him a suitable allocation.

By petition of parliament. 2

1.
On 3 January 1347.
2.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
131

11 June 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning the money levied on the customs of the wines at Bordeaux . 1

Order to the seneschal of Gascony, to compel the men of the duchy of Aquitaine who have unduly received and retained money from the customs of the wines coming from the city of Bordeaux since the departure of Waleweyn John Wawayn , former constable of Bordeaux, to swiftly pay these sums of money to the castle of Bordeaux . 2

1.
It is written extractus in the margin.
2.
The castle of the Ombrière of Bordeaux where this custom was received.
132

Same as above Concerning the goods of the rebels of the king in the duchy of Aquitaine to be seized in the king's hands . 1

Order to the constable of Bordeaux that all the goods of rebels of the king in the duchy of Aquitaine, on the king's own domain, as well as in baronies and elsewhere, which have not been seized into the king's hands until now, be seized without delay and the constable has to respond to the king of their revenues as it should be. The king wants them to be kept in his hands and they have not to be granted to to faithful men of the king by virtue of their service, by the king or by a king's lieutenant in the duchy.

1.
It is written extractus in the margin.
133

11 June 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning the hearing of the complaint of Ramon de Casse . 1

Order to the seneschal of Gascony, the mayor of the city of Bordeaux and the Umbrar' prévôt of the Ombrière that having heard the complaint of Ramon de Casse or his proctor on this matter, they summon before them men of the town of Bristol if they are in the duchy of Aquitaine, and if it happens it is true they have to make swift full justice on the return of the wheat and the other goods and chattels of Ramon de Casse or their price, as well as make him satisfaction of the damages suffered by Casse, according to the local fors and customs. This complaint has not to reach again the king by default of justice. Ramon de Casse , brother of the late Guilhem de Casse, former citizen of the city of Bordeaux , has complained to the king that, Guilhem having the king's protection, Ramon and Guilhem have loaded on a ship with the king's licence at Bristoll' Bristol 500 quarters of wheat and broad beans to be transported up to Bordeaux for the supplying of certain faithful men in the duchy of Aquitaine, when several men from the town of Bristol took by force the wheat, broad beans and certain other goods and chattels being on this ship which are of great value, they kept them and have transported them to Ramon's great damage and his obvious impoverishment, and against the king's protection. And after that the mayor and bailiffs of Bristol were requested several times to make Ramon satisfaction of his damage, but they did not care to do it, so that Ramon de Casse has supplicated the king to bring him a remedy about it.

1.
This entry has been struck-through. It is written in the margin: 'Void because there is another below'.
134

13 June 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning general attorneys .

Letters of general attorney for one year to Loup' Bernat Loup, merchant of Gascony , who is setting out to Gascony, nominating Arnaut Vidal and John de Dratton alternatively, for whatever court in England.

David de Wollore received the attorneys.

135

18 June 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning the hearing of the complaint of Ramon de Casse .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony, the mayor of the city of Bordeaux and the Umbrar' prévôt of the Ombrière that having heard the complaint of Ramon de Casse or his proctor on this matter, they summon before them the malefactors of the town of Bristol if they are in the duchy of Aquitaine, and if it happens it is true they have to make swift full justice on the return of the wheat and the other goods and chattels of Ramon de Casse or their value, as well as make him satisfaction of the damages suffered by Casse, according to the local fors and customs. This complaint has not to reach again the king by default of justice. Ramon de Casse , brother of the late Guilhem de Casse, former citizen of the city of Bordeaux , has complained to the king that, Guilhem having the king's protection, Ramon and Guilhem have loaded on a ship with the king's licence at Bristoll' Bristol 500 quarters of wheat and broad beans to be transported up to Bordeaux for the supplying of certain faithful men in the duchy of Aquitaine, when several malefactors from the town of Bristol took by force the wheat, broad beans and some other goods and chattels being on this ship which are of great value, they kept them and have transported them to Ramon's great damage and his obvious impoverishment, and against the king's protection. And after the complaint of Ramon, the king had ordered the mayor and bailiffs of Bristol to hear this complaint and do him full justice, and this mayor and bailiffs have been requested to do so several times by the mayor and the jurats of the city of Bordeaux , but the mayor and bailiffs of Bristol did not do something until now and these malefactors continue to wander overseas and elsewhere, so that Ramon de Casse has humbly supplicated the king to bring him a remedy about that.

136

20 June 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Bertholomiu de Fayet .

Order to the constable of Bordeaux that having seen the king's letters patent and having accounted with Bertholomiu de Fayet of what is owed to him of the daily 12 d.st. from the time it has not been accounted, then he has to pay him without delay of what he will have found on the issues of the duchy of Aquitaine or make him a suitable allocation. Previously, the king has granted to Fayeto, de Bertholomiu de Fayet, king's clerk , of 12 d.st. per day to be received for life from the issues of the duchy of Aquitaine by the hands of the constable of Bordeaux, as more fully appear in the king's letters patent about it. 1

By petition of C.

1.
On the grant of 12 d.st. per day, this one 'at the king's pleasure' on 25 May 1338, see entry in C 61/50 .
137

28 June 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For the canons of the church Saint-Pierre of Soubise .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux that having taken information on the value of the victuals [mentioned below], they have to allocate this sum to the church of Saint-Pierre of Soubise and its canons on the goods of the rebels of the places and castellanies of Soubise and Tonnay-Charente, 1 or to make another suitable allocation. But Beguer Pey Béguey[of la Rousselle], Soubize captain of Soubise , has to receive before his annual allocation of 500 gold florins to be received each year on the goods of the rebels living within the borders of these castle and castellany of Soubise. 2 Previously, the Beatus Petrus canons of the church Saint-Pierre of Soubize Soubise 3 have supplicated the king by their petition shown before him and his council in his parliament at Westminster 4 that various victuals and other goods of these canons and church for the supplying of Soubise and Thonay Charante Tonnay-Charente worth 3,000 gold florins or around, have been seized by them 5 and other king's officers of this region and have been distributed for the supplying of these places. The canons request the king to allocate this sum on the goods of the rebels being at Soubise and Tonnay-Charente and their castellanies or make another suitable allocation. The king agrees to that because of his devotion to Saint Peter, the main apostle, to whom this church is dedicated.

By petition of parliament. 6

1.
Both places submitted to Henry of Grosmont, then earl of Lancaster, on October 1346.
2.
See entry 5 .
3.
Some medieval remains of this church still exist in the current church Saint-Pierre of Soubise.
4.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
5.
The seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux.
6.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
138

20 May 1348 . Westm' Westminster . .

Inspeximus of the letters patent of Thomas Cok, kt , seneschal of Gascony, under the king's seal in use in the duchy of Aquitaine, that is the seal of the court of Gascony:

24 January 1347 . Burd’ Bordeaux .

Grant in perpetuity to Turre, de Johan de Latour, Vasaten' burgess of the city of Bazas , and his heirs, because of his good service to the king during the negotiations to put Bazas in the king's obedience when it was in the hands of the French, of all the right that was owned by Cabositz Galhart de Cabouzits in a mill called of Cabositz Cabouzits situated near the city of Bazas , 1 and also of all the houses, vineyards, lands, revenues and inheritances which were owned by Galhart de Cabouzits in Bazas and the Vasadesii prévôté of Bazadais and were seized by the king because of some crimes and excesses committed by Cabouzits when he was alive. 2

By petition of parliament 3 and later by K.

1.
This mill had been previously granted by the French to Pey de Compains called Pey d'Escoutet , a burgess of Bazas who was a staunch French partisan. See Registres du Trésor des chartes. Tome III, Règne de Philippe de Valois. Deuxième partie, JJ 70 à 75 : inventaire analytique , ed. J. Viard and A. Vallée (Paris, 1979), p.271, no.5008. This mill was firstly granted to him in October 1342 by Jean de Marigny, bishop of Beauvais , lieutenant of the king of France Philip VI in Languedoc and Saintonge, a grant confirmed by King Philip VI in June 1343. He and his son Pey were pardoned by Edward III to have followed the French party on 16 March 1352: entry in C 61/64 .
2.
On a related entry where some claimed heirs of Galhart de Cabouzits contested this grant, see entry in C 61/59 . On a related entry confirming this grant, see . entry 196 .
3.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
139

23 May 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning safeguard .

Letters of protection granted at the king's pleasure to Gualteri Johan Gauter, physician ( fisicus ) 1 of Miro Monte, de Miramont[-de-Guyenne] , his men, lands, revenues and rightful possessions. The king orders to all his officers and faithful men in the duchy of Aquitaine to maintain and protect him.

By C.

1.
A doctor in medecine.
140

12 February 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning confirmation . 1

7 August 1346 . Reule La Réole .

Grant for life to Gutto, de Bertran de Got, Podius Guillelmus lord of Puyguilhem , in order to maintain his status, and because his father Gutto, de, Lobasco Arnaut-Gassie de Got, called the Basque, lord of Puyguilhem , died in the king's service at the borders with the enemies during the siege of Aculeo, de Aiguillon , 2 and because of this latter good service he did several times to the king in the wars of Gascony, of the Aquen' prévôté of Dax which was held by his father for life, with its toll, issues, revenues, profits and all its appurtenances, according to certain letters of the king, and with the right to delegate a suitable substitute to this office. The keepership of the castle of Dax is also granted to him, like it had been for this father by the king.

By petition of parliament 3 and later by K.

1.
It is written extractus in the margin.
2.
The siege of Aiguillon by the French which took place between 1 April and 22 August 1346 and was led by the duke of Normandy, future King John II of France.
3.
The parliament of Westminster which took place between 14 January 1348 and 12 February 1348.
141

1 June 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Johan de Guillon, burgess of Lalinde .

Special licence granted to Guillo' Johan de Guillon, Lyndia burgess of Lalinde in the duchy of Aquitaine, as he is issuing from an old bloodline who fought for the king and because of certain other good services he did, to be admitted into the order of knighthood by some knight faithful to the king and be decorated by the belt of knighthood, and to enjoy the privileges and liberties of this status, despite the fact he is not coming from a knightly or noble blood, any local custom against that notwithstanding, as long as he does forever and faithfully his service to the king.

By K. and C.

142

10 June 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning protection .

Letters of protection granted up to 1 August 1348 to Thomas de Hampton, seneschal of the Landes , and Master Stretele John de Streatley , constable of Bordeaux, who are going to the duchy of Aquitaine to exercise their office and do some king's business on a ship called la Seint Martyn of Bayonne on which Pomeriis, de Pey de Poumès is master, as well as for their men and their servants, this ship, its master and mariners, and the goods being on this ship. And the king orders to all his officers of the kingdom of England or the duchy of Aquitaine to protect them.

By C.

143

20 June 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning protection .

Letters of protection and safeguard granted at the king's pleasure to Greily Pey [II] de Grailly, vicomte of Benauges and Castellione, de Castillon , his men, lands, revenues and all his rightful possessions. And the king orders to all his officers of the duchy of Aquitaine to protect him.

By C.

144

23 June 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning protection .

Letters of protection with clause volumus granted up to 2 February 1349 to le Ry Bartholomew de Ry of Stanstede Abbis' Stanstead Abbotts and his brother John [de Ry] who are staying in Gascony in the king's service.

By p.s.

145

1 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For the canons of the church Saint-Pierre of Soubise .

Grant to the Soubize canons of the church Saint-Pierre of Soubise that they and their successors have to enjoy the liberties and customs that them and their predecessors from the time of the king's ancestors, former kings of England and dukes of Aquitaine. 1 Furthermore, the king grants to these canons and the servants of this church consecrated in the sacred orders to be exempted from doing military service ( de guerra armare ) or paying watches ( vigilias ), except if the king's enemies and rebels appear before Soubise, as in this case they have to arm themselves and are compelled to repel them by force. And the king orders to to all the king's officers and faithful men of the duchy of Aquitaine to keep these liberties and not molest or damage these canons and these servants, or not permit them to be molested or damaged.

By petition of parliament. 2

1.
The ancestors and predecessors of Edward III dominated the region of Soubise as dukes of Aquitaine up to 1224, when the king of France Louis VIII conquered it.
2.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
146

1 June 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Bernat de Cestorio . 1

Inspeximus of the letters patent of Thomas Cok, kt , seneschal of the duchy of Aquitaine, under the king's seal in use in the duchy of Aquitaine, that is the seal of the court of Gascony:

24 January 1347 . Burd’ Bordeaux .

Grant for life to Bernat de Certorio , citizen of Bazas , because of his good service in the negotiations which permitted the submission of Bazas and its inhabitants to the king's obedience, putting his life, body, servants and family in high peril, of the rights and revenues of the all the land in the duchy of Aquitaine which has been confiscated to Silva, de Pey Dubosc , his nephew, as well as his houses, vineyards, fees, cultivated and uncultivated lands and whatever emoluments, as Dubosc has been absent from the city and diocese of Bazas for sixteen years of more. 2

By K. and petition of parliament. 3

1.
It is written extractus in the margin.
2.
From c.1331.
3.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
147

1 May 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For the jurats and consuls of Bazas .

Grant to the jurats and consuls of the city of Bazas that their city, its jurisdiction, and the baylies and parishes of Bazadais [united with the city of Bazas] will be united forever to the crown of England and will be not granted to anybody apart to the eldest son of the king, heir to the crown of England, any grants or letters against this notwithstanding, the king revoking all grants and letters about it by these presents. Furthermore, the king grants them that the baylies and parishes of Vasatesio, de Bazadais which have been united for a long time with the city of Bazas remain united with it and that the men and inhabitants of these baylies and parishes has to do the watches at Bazas , day and night, pay the tallages with the citizens of Bazas for the salvation and defense of Bazas, and contribute to the works [of defence] as it is customary; and the jurats, consuls and men of the city of Bazas have to enjoy, as did their ancestors, their liberties, customs and privileges in their city, its jurisdiction and on these baylies and parishes without any impediment caused by the king's seneschals, bayles or officers, or the king's heirs. The jurats and consuls of the city of Bazas have supplicated the king for themselves and the community of city of Bazas that their city its jurisdiction, and the baylies and parishes of Bazadais [united with the city of Bazas] has been annexed forever to the crown of England by Edward I , former king of England, so they want to remain united with this crown.

By petition of parliament 1 and later by K.

1.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
148

20 June 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Bertholomiu de Fayet . 1

Order to the constable of Bordeaux that, after the five year period granted to Ramon Oliver for the keepership of the coinage and assay of money in Dax, having called before him the king's procurator to know the true value of this office, he has to deliver it to Fayeto, de Bertholomiu de Fayet in part of payment of the twelve d.st. per day granted to him, until the king allocates him this daily sum on a suitable place. If the revenues of this office exceeds the twelve d.st. per day, then Fayet will have to respond of the surplus to the constable of Bordeaux. And if they do not reach this daily sum, then the constable has to pay him from the issues of the duchy of Aquitaine or allocate him this sum on a suitable place. Proviso that Fayet has nullified the other previous king's letters granting him for life this daily sum, as long as he holds this office of keepership of the coinage and assay of money of Dax. Previously, the king has granted for life to Fayet 12 d.st. per day on the issues of the duchy of Aquitaine to be received by the hands of the constable of Bordeaux, 2 then Fayet was granted the offices of remembrancer ( memorandaria ) of the Burdeg' castle of Bordeaux and of keeper of all papers, registers, notarial instruments and protocols of dead notaries made by the king's authority in the duchy of Aquitaine with all what pertains to these offices, as long as he behaves well in this office. 3 But later Fayet has complained to the king that these offices were not sufficient to pay his daily fee of 12 d.st. , so he has requested the king to have the office of Aquen’ keeper of the coinage and assay of money in Dax , for which nothing has previously been answered, to be held by him or a substitute, until the king pay him or make satisfaction of this daily fee of 12 d.st. . The king had then ordered to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to check the rolls and memoranda of the constable in the castle of Bordeaux, 4 and if the seneschal and constable found that the previous keepers rendered nothing to the king, and if that custody had not been granted to anyone else, then they had to inform the king’s procurator of the true annual value of that custody, and then deliver it to Fayet in the king’s name, to hold as he requested, as more fully appear in various letters patent written on this matter. However, Fayet has supplicated the king that Oliveri Ramon Oliver, citizen of Bordeaux , had been formerly granted the office of keeper and assayer of the king’s mint in the duchy of Aquitaine to exercise for a five year period for a certain farm, 5 any grant to Fayet or others notwithstanding, so Fayet has received nothing from the office of keeper of the coinage and assay of money in Dax, and requests the king to have this office at the end of this five year period, in part of payment of these 12 d.st. per day.

By petition of C.

1.
It is written extractus in the margin.
2.
On 25 May 1338, but this was granted at the king's pleasure, not for life: entry in C 61/50 .
3.
On 21 June 1340, see: entry in C 61/52 .
4.
On 20 October 1343, see: entry in C 61/55 .
5.
On 25 November 1343, but Ramon Oliver obtained it for a six year period, paying each year to the king 50 l.st. , see: entry in C 61/55 .
149

25 June 1348 . Wyndesore Windsor . For John de Stafford, knight of the order of the Hospitallers of Saint John of Jerusalem .

Confirmation of the letters patent of Henry [of Grosmont], earl of Lancaster , former king's general captain in the duchy of Aquitaine , granting for life to John de Stafford, knight of the order of the Hospitallers of Saint John of Jerusalem , the keepership of the place of Monte Rubeo de Boys, de Montarouch with its appurtenances, 1 revenues and profits, saving the liege homage he owes to the king and his successors, as well as the king's resort there. The king orders to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to deliver this place to Stafford according to these present letters.

1.
There was a preceptory of the the Hospitallers of Saint John of Jerusalem at Montarouch (com. Targon, arr. Langon, dép. Gironde), and there are still some important ruins of the church of this preceptory.
150

20 June 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For the canons of Saint-Pierre of Soubise . 1

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to return without delay to the canons of Saint-Pierre of Soubise all the lands, tenements, goods and possessions which are the common goods of their church and had been seized in the king's hands on the occasion of the absence or the rebellion of their prior, with a proviso that this prior does not have a share of these goods as long as he is a rebel obedient to the king's enemies. The Soubize canons of the church of Saint-Pierre of Soubise have supplicated the king by their petition show before the king and his council in the parliament of Westminster formerly gathered there, 2 that, as Guiumar Jean Guyomard , their prior , who had left a long time ago their priory, had been granted a licence to return there from Beguer Pey Béguey, [of la Rousselle], captain of Soubise for the king , but Guyomard did not return at Soubise in the time allotted by this licence, so the lands, tenements, goods and possessions used for the maintenance of the prior and the canons have been seized in the king's hands by the order of the then seneschal of Gascony and constable of Bordeaux to the great damages of this prior, these canons, their officers and servants, so the canons request the king to return them these possessions for their maintenance.

By petition of parliament.

1.
It is written extractus in the margin.
2.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
151

4 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Andriu, lord of Budos .

The king unites forever to the crown of England the high lordship, the high justice, the homage or the duty of the place of Dayran Eyran which place is now held directly from the king by Andriu [I de Budos], lord of Budos , under the jurisdiction of the prévôté of the Ombrière of Bordeaux , so that these rights cannot be put outside the king's hands, any grant, sell, exchange or allocation against it notwithstanding.

By K. and petition of parliament. 1

1.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
152

15 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Guilhem de Favols .

Order to the constable of Bordeaux that having seen the bills Guilhem de Favols has and having accounted with him, he has to pay him without delay his wages and those of his men, or make a suitable allocation on the issues of the duchy of Aquitaine. Guilhem de Favols has supplicated the king that he owes him various sums of money for his own wages, as well as those of his men-at-arms and his footmen from the time they were with him in the king's service in the present war of Gascony, as more fully appear in some bills sealed by John Wawayn , former constable of Bordeaux, he owns, so Favols has requested the king to have these sums paid or to receive a suitable allocation.

By petition of parliament. 1

1.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
153

28 April 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning the grant of a murage [to the city of Bazas] .

Grant to the Vasaten' jurats, consuls and the other worthy men ( probi homines ) of the city of Bazas , in order to help them for the enclosure of their city and in support of the expenses they will make for its safe keepership against some hostile king's enemies, to have and receive, by themselves or through delegates, from next Pentecost for a ten year period, a murage ( muragium ) or a custom called socage levied on the goods sold at Bazas and its jurisdiction, or on the goods passing through them, as they were customary levied before this time. So that all the money levied for the enclosure of this city and some other works will be checked by certain faithful men of the king delegated to this task by the constable of Bordeaux.

By petition of parliament. 1

1.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
154

1 May 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For the jurats, consuls and community of the city of Bazas .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony to confirm to the jurats, consuls and community of the city of Bazas their privileges, liberties and customs that they and their ancestors enjoyed at the time of the surrender of their city to the king and before, as they can show before him on charters, writings and some other documents. The jurats, consuls and community of the city of Bazas have supplicated the king by their petition shown before the king and his council to confirm their customary privileges, liberties and customs.

By petition of parliament. 1

1.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
155

10 June 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Bertran de Palreyrac and Pey Salier .

Order to the constable of Bordeaux or his lieutenant that having checked the letters [mentioned below] and what is owed to Bertran de Paleyrac and Pey Salier, he has to allocate them half of the emoluments of the money coming from the metal called bullion ( billioun ) coined in the duchy of Aquitaine until they are satisfied of the sum owed to them, proviso that this allocation is not to the detriment of the allocations made on the emoluments of the king's coinage to the lords of Lebreto, de Albret and Monte Ferandi, de Montferrand , and Thomas de Hampton . Bertran de Paleyrac and Pey Salier , former masters of the king's money in the city of Dax, as Waleweyn John Wawayn , then constable of Bordeaux, owed to them several sums of money that amounted to 100 l.st. or around for some difficult business they did for the king, as more fully appears in some letters of the constable and some other documents, and this sum still remain to be paid to them, so that they have requested the king to be paid on half of the emoluments of the money coming from the metal called bullion coined in the duchy of Aquitaine until they are satisfied of this sum.

By petition of parliament. 1

1.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
156

11 June 1348 . Westm' Westminster . In order to make peace between various lords of Gascony .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux or their lieutenants to swiftly pacify the wars between lords of Gascony [mentioned below], and if it happens that a final peace is not possible, then they have to impose in the king's name truces or souffrances between these lords until a moment when a final peace will be made. They have to forbid the lords to make these wars or make them retain from making them, and make full and swift justice on the damages caused by them. The king has learned that some very cruel wars and dissensions have started once again between some barons of the duchy of Aquitaine, which are between the Rosano, de lord of Rauzan 1 and the Peioliis, de lord of Pujols 2 on one hand, and the Muchidane, de lord of Mussidan 3 and some of his followers on the other, and also between the Sparra, de lord of Lesparre 4 on one hand and the Castellione, de lord of Castillon 5 on the other. As these wars are against the peace of the people of the duchy, he has to make peace between them to the best of their ability.

For Pey [II] de Grailly.

157

20 June 1348 . Westm' Westminster .

Order to the constable of Bordeaux that having accounted with Pey [II] de Grailly or his attorney on this matter of his wages, if they have not been accounted before, then he has to pay without delay of what he will find to Grailly or his attorney, or make a suitable allocation on the revenues of the duchy of Aquitaine. Greily Pey [II] de Grailly, vicomte of Benauges and Castellione, de Castillon has supplicated the king that this latter owes him various sums of money for his wages and those of his men-at-arms, mounted or on foot, for the time they were in the king's service in the duchy, so he requests the king to pay him these wages.

By K.

158

Same as above

By p.s.

159

28 June 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Master Guillaume Godin .

Appointment of Master Godyn Guillaume Godin, Soubize canon of the church Saint-Pierre of Soubise , because of the damages he suffered until now in joining the king's obedience as well as for his activity, as a member of the Xanctonia king's council of Saintonge . Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to receive and retain him in this council and pay him as fee each year 10 l.st. or its value in another money, as long as he is a king's councillor.

By petition of parliament. 1

1.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
160

4 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Raoul de Caours . 1

Grant to Raoul de Caours , for the good service he did to the king, of 1,000 librates sterling of lands acquired by him or to be acquired in Pictavia Poitou and the neighbouring regions to be held by him and his heirs from the king and his heirs for the same service for which they were held before, or until the king provides him some other lands and revenues of a value of 1,000 librates sterling. Furthermore, the king grants him of all the advantages of war on the movable goods obtained by Caours and his men on the castles, towns and lands taken by Caours and his men during this war, as well as half of the ransoms of prisoners, with proviso that if this prisoner is an important one or of noble birth he decides nothing about him without the king's consent.

By p.s.

1.
It is written extractus in the margin.
161

8 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Ramon Beu Campsore . 1

Order to the constable of Bordeaux to pay without delay to Ramon Beu Campsore 2 the 31 l. 16 s.st. owed to him, in sterling or its value in other money from the issues of the duchy of Aquitaine according to king's order previously sent to him. The king has ordered several times the constable of Bordeaux by his writs of the privy seal to pay him this sum of money for the wines which have been bought from him for the king's household, as more fully appears on a bill he owns under the seal of Edyngton William Edington, Wynton bishop of Winchester , at the time he was keeper of the wardrobe , 3 a sum Ramon was not paid at all until now according to him, so the king is amazed to learn that.

1.
It is written extractus in the margin.
2.
Probably a 'Ramon deu Campsor' ('du Campsor').
3.
Between 1341 and 1344.
162

10 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Bernat Torcher . 1

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to let Bernat Torcher to have for life 60 gold florins to be levied yearly on the secular goods of the king's rebels within the Sancto Fortunato, de parish of Saint-Fort[-sous-Brouage] , 2 and, as long as the war is lasting, 200 gold florins to be levied yearly on the goods of rebels in the same parish, in order to keep this place and in reward of Torcher works and expenses. Bernat Torcher has supplicated the king by his petition before the king, formerly in parliament, 3 as he has stood in the king's service in the war of Gascony for fifteen years 4 and as he has lost all his goods and possessions because of this service and his support to the king's party, and as a place called Seint Fort Saint-Fort[-sous-Brouage] has been taken by Pey Béguey[of la Rousselle] 5 on some local king's enemies and rebels, and it has been kept since by Torcher with great works and expenses and without any payment from the king, so he has requested the king to have a compensation.

By petition of parliament.

1.
It is written extractus in the margin.
2.
The former parish of Saint-Fort-sous-Brouage situated on the current commune of Saint-Jean-d'Angle, arr. Rochefort, dép. Charente-Maritime.
3.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
4.
From c.1333.
5.
Captain of the 'English' garrison of Soubise, situated nearby Saint-Fort-sous-Brouage.

Concerning confirmation for Johan Dubosc.

164

15 April 1348 . Westm' Westminster .

Grant for life to Bosco, de Johan Dubosc of the Sanctus Johannes Angeliecen' writing office ( scribania ) of the court of the prévôté of Saint-Jean-d'Angély with all its issues, profits and emoluments, to be held by himself or through a suitable proctor. The earl of Lancaster orders by these presents to the castellan of Saint-Jean-d'Angély or his lieutenant, as well as Peter Franc and Thomas Dautre , king's sergeant-at-arms, to deliver this office with its revenues to Dubosc, and protect him in this office, any grant or allocation by this earl to the contrary notwithstanding.

By petition of parliament 1 and later by K.

30 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to deliver this office with its revenues to Johan Dubosc and permit him to hold it according to the letters mentioned above.

1.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
165

12 May 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning the providing of victuals .

Order to the sheriff of Somerset to obtain 60 quarters of wheat in his county, except from ecclesiastical fees and besides the victuals he already obtained, for the supplying of the town of Sanctus Johanes Daungelyn Saint-Jean-d'Angély , and deliver them with the other victuals to Thomas Dautre, king's sergeant-at-arms , according to the indenture made between him and Dautre, who will bring them for the supplying of Saint-Jean-d'Angély.

By C.

166

20 May 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Johan de Latour . 1

Licence granted to la Tour Johan de Latour , as he had a 'maison-forte' or a fortalice in a place situated in the Bolkayran parish of Brouqeyran next to the city of Vasaten' Bazas which has been destroyed and devastated by the French king's enemies and rebels and some others, of the right to build a 'maison-forte' or fortalice there and reinforce it with a stone and lime wall and crenellate it. 2 He and his heirs can hold this fortalice in perpetuity without impediment from the king and his officers. However, they have to return this ‘maison-forte’ or fortalice to the king and his heirs at their demand whether in war or peace at the order of the king and his heirs or his seneschals in the duchy. Furthermore the king grants to Johan de Latour all the revenues pertaining to the king on this parish of Brouqueyran which are commonly called les frankals and which are not reaching the sum of 20 s.st. per year, it is asserted, to have, him and his heirs forever, rendering there the customary service to the king, saving there the king's superiority and resort, any other grant made after the last surrender of the city of Bazas to the king notwithstanding. If these revenues exceed the yearly sum of 20 s.st. per year, Latour would respond of the surplus to the constable of Bordeaux. 3

By petition of parliament 4 and later by K.

1.
It is written extractus in the margin.
2.
It is probably the ' château du Mirail ' which is situated on the commune of Brouqueyran (arr. Langon, dép. Gironde).
3.
See the related entry entry 214 .
4.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
167

20 June 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Andriu [de Budos], lord of Budos .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux that having called before themselves the king's procurator before themselves, they inform themselves of the true yearly value of the place and baylie of Laparade, and for which rent others would be ready to farm it, then when this place returns to the king's obedience, they have to deliver it to Andriu de Budos, to be held by himself or a suitable substitute, for such a yearly farm until he is paid and fully satisfied of the sum of money [mentioned below]. Andriu [I de Budos], lord of Budos , has supplicated the king that at the occasion of the start of the present war in the duchy of Aquitaine and because he joined the king's party, as well as because of his service to the king, he has fully lost his goods, movables and immovables, up to the value of 4,500 l.st. and more, so that Budos requests the king to grant him in compensation the place of Castelseigneur called le Parade Laparade in Agenen' Agenais with its appurtenances, which is until now in the hands of the king's enemies and rebels.

By petition of parliament. 1

1.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.

For William Pistor of Salisbury.

168

15 April 1348 . Westm' Westminster .

Grant for life to William Pistor of Salesbirs Salisbury , 1 because of the good service he did to the king in the garrison of the town of Thannay super Charente Tonnay-Charente and of the great expenses he often did in the king's service, of the Marceux house of Bernard Marteaux with its rights and appurtenances in Tonnay-Charente and in its castellany up to the value of 120 crowns ( scuti ), so that at Pistor's death this house and appurtenances returns to the king's hands.

By p.s.

1.
The Latin term pistor could be translated as 'le Baker' in English, so this William Pistor could be in fact a William le Baker.
169

Same as above

And it is ordered to Landuras Hélias [de] Landiras, Thaunay captain of the town of Tonnay[-Charente] , to permit William Pistor to have this house and its appurtenances without any impediment according to the king's letters.

By p.s.

170

Same as above

And it is ordered the same thing to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux.

By p.s.

171

6 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning protection for Bertran de Bauders and his wife Margarida .

Letters of protection granted at the king's pleasure to Bauderiis, de Bertran de Bauders and his wife Margareta Margarida , as they have supplicated the king, their family, their rightful possessions and their goods. The king orders to the seneschal of Gascony, the constable of Bordeaux, and also the prévôts of Reola La Réole , of Ultra Garona Outre-Garonne , of Castro Andorta, de Castets-en-Dorthe and of Salva Terra Sauveterre[-de-Guyenne] , and also the castellans of Sanctus Macarius Saint-Macaire , Cadilhaco, de Cadillac , Bassatz Bazas , Lenguone, de Langon and Aurossio, de Auros , and the other king's prévôts, mayors, bayles and officers in the duchy of Aquitaine to maintain and defend them.

By C.

172

6 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For the bishop of Cahors .

Licence granted by these presents to Duro Forti, de Ramon-Bernat de Durfort, kt , the king's captain in the castle and place of Belaico, de Bélaye 1 to return the castle and place of Bélaye to the church and the Caturcens' bishop of Cahors , 2 as him and his accomplices have been excommunicated for their taking, proviso that he obtains before a suitable guarantee from this bishop that this latter will not use the castle and place of Bélaye to make war against the places and people of the king's obedience. 3

By petition of parliament. 4

1.
There are still some remains of the medieval castle of the bishops of Cahors at Bélaye.
2.
Bertran de Cardaillac , bishop of Cahors from 1324 to 1367.
3.
Following the agreement - already - signed between Ramon-Bernat de Durfort and the bishop of Cahors for the rendering of the place of Bélaye, the former was pardoned by the king of France's lieutenants in Languedoc for all crimes he and his men had committed during the truces (Agen, 29 June 1348). They returned the goods of Johana [del Tolh], wife of Ramon-Bernat de Durfort, which had been seized, if her husband followed the clauses of the treaty he signed with the bishop of Cahors for the return of Bélaye (Agen, 8 July 1348). Similarly, the lieutenants confirmed another clause of this treaty, giving back the place of Moissaguel to Galhart de Durfort and Bertran de Durfort, brothers of Ramon-Bernat, who were kept as hostages (Agen, 8 July 1348). See Registres du Trésor des chartes. Tome III, Règne de Philippe de Valois. Troisième partie, JJ 76 à 79B : inventaire analytique , ed. A. Vallée (Paris, 1984), p.126, no.6909, 6910 and 6911. Original acts fully published in Documents sur la Maison de Durfort , II, ed. N. de Peña (Bordeaux, 1977), p.570-2, no.943, 945 and 946. On 7 March 1347, the count of Armagnac Johan I, lieutenant of the king of France in Languedoc, pardoned to Bernat de Grossolles, damoiseau, and his minor son Bertran (both from Périgord) to have been involved in the rebellion of Bélaye when this place had been taken for the English by Ramon-Bernat de Durfort. See Registres du Trésor des chartes... , ibid., p.50-51, no.6453.
4.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
173

6 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning protection .

Letters of protection, with clause volumus , up to 29 September 1348, granted to Boyliet Niccolò Bollati , who is sent into Gascony in the king's service.

By p.s.

For Bernat de Sault.

174

Grant for life to Saltu, de Bernat de Sault of the office keeper of the king's money at Bordeaux , an office the king has previously granted for a period which is not yet finished to Ramon Oliver , as soon as this later period is over, to be held and exercised by himself or his delegate, receiving there the same money the other keepers of the money were customarily used to receive there.

By p.s.

1.
It is written extractus in the margin.
175

Same as above

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to deliver this office to Bernat de Sault as soon as the period granted to Ramon Oliver is over according to the king's letters.

By p.s.

176

20 August 1348 . Westm' Westminster .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to deliver this office to Bernat de Sault as soon as the period granted to Ramon Oliver is over according to the king's letters.

By p.s.

177

26 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning an inquiry on Galhart Micol .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony to summon before him the members of the king's council [of the duchy of Aquitaine] he feels necessary to summon, as well as the king's procurator [of the duchy] , and swiftly obtain full information on the matter [mentioned below], and he has to send without delay the result of this information to the king's chancery in England under the king's seal in use in the duchy. Michol Galhart Micol has supplicated the king by his petition shown before the king and his council in the last parliament 1 that he totally lost his lands, revenues, possessions and vineyards that worth more than 200 florins per year, because of his service to the king and his support to the king's party, as his possessions have been destroyed by the king's French enemies, and as he lost their revenues for more than 20 years; 2 and Micol has served the king at his own cost during the sieges of the towns of Sanctus Makarius Saint-Macaire 3 and Aguyllon Aiguillon 4 according to what he asserts, so Micol has requested the king to grant him for life the office called le vigeirage and la crie in the city of Bazas , 5 which office does not exceed the yearly value of 6 l.st. .

By petition of C.

1.
The parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
2.
Before 1328, so during the war of Saint-Sardos, when Bazas submitted to the French.
3.
On the siege of Saint-Macaire by the French which took place between March 1337 and 31 July 1337, see Sumption, J., Trial by Battle. The Hundred Years War I (London, 1990), p.207.
4.
The siege of Aiguillon by the French which took place between 1 April and 22 August 1346 and was led by the duke of Normandy, future King John II of France.
5.
The fairs and markets were sometimes called in Gascon bégueries , here written as vigeirage , particularly in Médoc where they were still called biguerie in the 18th century. A tax called bégueyriu ( bigueyrieu in the 18th century) was levied on some goods sold in the market. See Baurein, Variétés Bordeloises , IV (Bordeaux, 1876), pp.75-6.
178

12 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For the keeper and the brothers of the Order of Friars Minors of Saint-Macaire in the diocese of Bordeaux .

Order to the constable of Bordeaux that having seen the bills [mentioned below], if he notices that the king owes to the warden and the brothers of the Order of Friars Minors 1 of Saint-Macaire the weekly sum of 20 s.ch. from 12 February 1338, 2 he has to pay them this sum from this date and also pay them regularly this sum, in this money or another of the same value, as alms from the issues of the duchy of Aquitaine, until the king orders otherwise. Formerly, at the prosecution of the Sanctus Macharius warden and brothers of the Order of Friars Minors ( ordinis minor' ) of Saint-Macaire in the diocese of Bordeaux , 3 it has been shown that Edward I , former king of England and grandfather of Edward III, and Eleanor [of Castile], then queen consort of England , his wife, had granted to them as alms 20 s.ch. for one meal ( prandium ) each week, and these keeper and brothers had supplicated the king to continue to pay these alms, so Edward III had ordered the then constable of Bordeaux to pay them 20 s.ch. per week from the issues of the duchy of Aquitaine until the king ordered otherwise, and yet the keeper and brothers have supplicated the king that this sum is in arrears of 120 l.bord. since 12 February 1338, as it appears on some bills and legitimate documents, so they have requested the king to have this latter sum paid.

By petition of parliament. 4

1.
The Franciscans, also called as the 'Cordeliers'.
2.
See entry in C 61/50 , entry in C 61/89 .
3.
The Franciscans, also called as the 'Cordeliers'.
4.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.

For Thomas de Colle.

179

14 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster .

Grant for life to Collee Thomas de Colle of the office of gauge of wines in the city of Bordeaux and in all the duchy of Aquitaine , taking from each tun, and every two pipes of wine, [being the equivalent of a tun,] which merchants both native and foreign take out of the duchy, one d. st. in good money called Bordelais ( Burdeleys ); wines of the banlieue ( balega ) within the liberty of the burgesses of Burdeg' Bordeaux only excepted, to be received in the same way as the late Richard Sumpter received them from this office when he was alive, 1 with the right to make exercise this office by a suitable substitute.

By p.s.

1.
For the grant of this office to Richard Sumpter (16 June 1344), see entry in C 61/56 .
180

Same as above

And it is ordered to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to deliver this office of gauge to Thomas de Colle , if it is not already done, for the whole duchy of Aquitaine, on all the lands and places which are now in the king's obedience, as well as those which will be returned to this obedience. They have to protect and defend him against all individual or foreign persons.

By p.s.

181

Same as above

And it is ordered to the mayor, jurats and the Leyburn' prévôt of the town of Libourne to permit Thomas de Colle or his attorneys in his name to exercise this office of gauge according to the king's letters, and they have to obey and attend Colle or his deputies in this office.

By p.s.

And it is ordered the same way to the following, under the same date:

180.1

the mayor and jurats of the city of Bordeaux and the Umbraria prévôt of the Ombrière of Bordeaux ; the mayor, jurats and prévôt of Bayonne as well as the prévôt of Capbreton ; all the captains, mayors and worthy men ( probi homines ) of the towns of Sanctus Johannes de Angelin Saint-Jean-d'Angély , Sancto Amano, de Saint-Agnant , Rocheford Rochefort , Tanneye super Charente Tonnay-Charente , Soubize Soubise and all the other towns and places which are in the king's obedience or which will be in the future.

Concerning confirmation for Galhart de Durfort.

182

26 November 1345 . Reule La Réole .

Grant to Duro Forti, de Galhart [I] de Durfort , and his heirs or successors, of half of the Vitrinis, de land of Veyrines with all its rights and appurtenances, as well as the castle and Blanquaforti, de castellany of Blanquefort with high and low justice, mere and mixed jurisdiction, and with all its rights that the king owned there following their seizure because of the rebellion of the late Duro Forti, de Aymeric de Durfort and of some other reasons, this castle and castellany of Blanquefort and these rights being the same as when Gutto, de Bertran de Got was lord of this castle and castellany. 2 The earl of Lancaster promises Durfort to have it confirmed by the king before 24 June 1346 or thereabouts. The earl of Lancaster has granted that because he has learned the good will that Galhart de Durfort has in the war of Gascony as well as for other things, as it is certified by some king's captains and other officers in the regions of Languedoc ( in partibus occitanis ), and in view of the fact that Galhart, at the occasion of his coming to the king's obedience has lost his ecclesiastical benefices up to the value of 3,000 l.t. and more, 3 as it is notorious in the regions of Languedoc , and as the people from the family of Galhart can be useful for the king's business, and because he brought to the king's obedience several towns, places, castles and nobles.

The tenor of Edward III's letters is as follows:

10 May 1345 . Westm' Westminster .

Appointment of Lancastr' Henry of Lancaster, earl of Derby , as lieutenant in the duchy of Aquitaine and parts adjacent with full power to conquer the lands which are rebels, on all jurisdictions, to receive in the king's obedience all kind of castles and places, to summon armies to make chevauchées ( cavalguata ) and bring them against king's rebels with right to receive these latter into the king's obedience and peace, to keep in the king's hand the lands and places seized on the rebels with right to allocate them to some other people being in the king's obedience and who want to serve the king.

The king confirms that Galhart de Durfort and his heirs and successors can hold these from the king and his heirs.

By K. and petition of parliament. 4

1.
It is written extractus in the margin.
2.
Bertran de Got (d. 1325), vicomte of Lomagne and Auvillar, lord of Blanquefort.
3.
Galhart de Durfort had been, among other things, canon of Clermont (since 1318) and archdeacon of Aurillac (still in 1339), canon of Périgueux since 1318 (still in 1341), canon of York from 1310 to 1344, and canon of Cahors from 1314 to 1341.
4.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
183

4 August 1348 . Westm' Westminster .

And it is ordered to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to maintain and defend Galhart de Durfort in the possession of the things granted to him by the earl of Lancaster and confirmed by the king.

By K. and C.

184

15 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Bertran de Durfort . 1

Inspeximus of the letters patent of Thomas Cok, kt , seneschal of Gascony, under the king's seal of the court of Gascony:

6 September 1347 . Brag' Bergerac .

Grant for life to Duro Forti, de Bertran de Durfort, kt and baron , of 1500 l.bord per year to be received, in compensation of these revenues allocated on the goods of the Soudan de Preissac, on the profits and emoluments of the Sancte Fidis baylie of the town of Sainte-Foy[-la-Grande] , which is now in the hands of the French, its ovens, tolls, and other revenues and goods pertaining to this baylie, as well as the goods of the rebels in Guardona, de Gardonne and Rasaco, de Razac[-de-Saussignac] , any grant made by the seneschal to the contrary notwithstanding. It these revenues and the goods of the rebels worth more than 1500 l.bord per year, then Bertran de Durfort will respond of them to the constable of Bordeaux. Previously, Oliver de Ingham, kt , former seneschal of the duchy of Aquitaine, had granted to Bertran de Durfort, by his letters patent 1500 l.bord of annual revenues to be received for life, by him or his attorney on this matter, on the profits, revenues and emoluments, lands and goods of certain places of Soldano de Pressaco Soudan de Preissac, Didona lord of Didonne , kt , 2 being in the king's obedience, as this latter was then a king's rebel and enemy and these places and revenues went to the king's hands. But Soudan de Preissac returned since to the king's obedience 3 and these places and revenues have been returned to him, so Bernat de Durfort has requested the king to have these 1500 l.bord per year allocated elsewhere.

By K. and petition of parliament. 4

1.
It is written extractus in the margin.
2.
Arnaut-Bernat III de Preissac who was nicknamed 'Soudan de Preissac'.
3.
In September-October 1346, during the expedition to Poitou and Saintonge of Henry of Grosmont, earl of Lancaster. See Pépin, G., 'Les Soudans de Preissac ou de la Trau : de Clément V à l’ordre de la Jarretière', Les Cahiers du Bazadais , 187 (2014), p.25.
4.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
185

12 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Henry Rose . 1

Grant for life to Rosa Henry Rose 2 of all the lands, possessions, revenues and minage ( minagium ) 3 which were owned by Serchemont Jean [de] Cherchemont , king's enemy and rebel, 4 and also the revenues coming from anyone having this minage being a rebel, to be received by Rose himself or his proctor. The earl of Lancaster orders by these presents to the captain , castellan and Sanctus Johannes Angeliecen' prévôt of Saint-Jean-d'Angély to deliver these things to Henry Rose or his proctor on this matter, and to maintain and defend him in their possessions, any grant or allocation of these by the earl of Lancaster notwithstanding. And on proviso that Henry Rose lives in person in the town of Sanctus Johannes Saint-Jean[-d'Angély] for its garrison. And proviso that the wines coming from the rebels vineyards remain this present year to the earl of Lancaster or to those deputed by the earl to collect them.

By K. and petition of C.

1.
It is written extractus in the margin.
2.
On him, see Gribit, N. A., Henry of Lancaster's Expedition to Aquitaine, 1345-46 (Woodbridge, 2016), more particularly pp.317-8.
3.
Duty paid in corn.
4.
Possibly Jean de Cherchemont (d. 1328), lord of Venours (in com. Rouillé, arr. Poitiers, dép. Vienne), chancellor of the kings of France Philip V, Charles IV and Philip VI of Valois, but more probably his nephew and namesake Jean de Cherchemont, bishop of Amiens from 1326 to 1373.
186

20 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For the men and inhabitants of the town of Tonnay-Charente .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux, as the king wants to reward the Thonay Charante men and inhabitants of the town of Tonnay-Charente who previously came into the king's obedience, to keep and maintain all the liberties Henry [of Grosmont], earl of Lancaster , former king's lieutenant in the duchy of Aquitaine and in all Languedoc , has granted to them at the surrender of their town, as more fully in the earl's letters under the king's seal used in the duchy.

By petition of parliament. 1

1.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
187

18 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Aymar de Beauvoir .

Order to the constable of Bordeaux, as formerly Henry [de Grosmont], earl of Lancaster , king's lieutenant in the duchy of Aquitaine and in all Languedoc had granted to Bello Videri, de Aymar de Beauvoir, kt , from de partibus Vian' Viennois , 1 100 l.st. per year to be received in two terms a year in equal portions, at Easter and at Michaelmas, from the issues of the duchy of Aquitaine by the hands of the constable of Bordeaux, 2 to have this sum received from the lands, tenements, goods and chattels which were owned by Johana [de Périgord], Labardac lady of Lavardac , on the town and jurisdiction of Labardac Lavardac and Chauderoue Cauderoue , if this place has not been allocated to another by the king or the earl of Lancaster, and it it is the case, then it has to be allocated on the castellany, lands, tenements, goods and chattels owned by the king on the town of Parcool Parcoul , if this place has not been allocated to another by the king or the earl of Lancaster, and it it is the case, this sum of money has to be allocated elswhere in the duchy.

By K. and petition of parliament. 3

1.
The province of Dauphiné.
2.
See entry 104 .
3.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
188

24 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For the lady of Clisson .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux, or their lieutenants, to permit [Jeanne de Belleville] , lady of Clisson in Britann’ Brittany , to have the brefs in the city of Bordeaux as had her predecessors by hereditary right, and to make proclamations there to that effect. Clisson has complained to the king that she and her predecessors, the lords of Clisson, were accustomed to have return of their brefs at the city of Bordeaux , but she has been impeded from having this, to her grave damage and loss. They have to deal with this matter, so that this complaint does not reach the king again. 1

1.
See the related entry entry 246 .
189

26 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Ramon de Peyrelongue and his brother Bertran .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to let Ramon de Peyrelongue and his brother Bertran [de Peyrelongue] receive the sums of 150 l.bord of annual revenues and 1,000 l.bord [mentioned below] on a suitable place in the king's name, according to their supplication to the king. Formerly, Henry [of Grosmont], earl of Lancaster , former in partibus occitanis king's lieutenant in the regions of Languedoc , as Petra Longa, de Ramon de Peyrelongue and his brother Bertran [de Peyrelongue] , damoiseaux, have lost up to 150 l.bord of annual revenues, and their other goods, movable and immovable, up to 1,000 l.bord have been kept and destroyed by the king's enemies and rebels, because of their service to the king and their joining of the king's party, has granted to them in compensation of these losses, the yearly sum of 150 l.bord for their life, and the sum of 1,000 l.bord once, to be paid to them by the Agenen' judge-ordinary of Agenais on the rebels goods, as more fully appears in the letters of the earl of Lancaster, letters which have been returned by these brothers to the king's chancery, and the brothers have supplicated the king by their petition shown before the king and his council that, as these sums cannot be paid on the goods of the rebels in Agenais, the king allocates them on suitable places.

By petition of C.

190

27 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For William Pistor of Shrewsbury, merchant .

Grant to William Pistor of Salop' Salisbury, merchant in Thannay Cherente Tonnay-Charente 1 in Gascony, 2 allowing him to load without impediment on a ship 100 tuns of corn, twelve bundles of cloth, as well as some fish and meat, for the supplying of the towns of Tonnay-Charente and Sanctus Johannes Saint-Jean[-d'Angély] and some other towns of this region. The king orders to all his officers to permit him to do so without any impediment or arrest, any ordinnance or order to the contrary made before notwisthstanding, on proviso that Pistor pays the due customs.

By p.s.

1.
The Latin term pistor could be translated as 'le Baker' in English, so this William Pistor could be in fact a William le Baker.
2.
For the English, Gascony was synonymous with duchy of Aquitaine (or Guyenne) while it was not the case for the locals. Tonnay-Charente was in the province of Saintonge, not in Gascony.
191

12 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Bertran de Clairac . 1

23 January 1346 . Reule La Réole .

Grant by these presents, to Clayraco, de Bertran de Clairac, Podio Acuto, de lord of the place of Puychagut , 2 who voluntarily came into the king's obedience, for him and his heirs, of the parishes of Sancto Asterio, de Saint-Astier , Sancto Nazario, de Saint-Nazaire , and Villa Nova Villeneuve[-de-Duras] which are on the lordship and Sancte Fidis, de jurisdiction of the town of Sainte-Foy[-la-Grande] , with high and low justice, mere and mixed jurisdiction in these parishes, saving always the liege homage due to the king and his heirs, as well as their resort on these parishes. The earl of Lancaster orders by these presents to the constable of Bordeaux, the castellan and the Brageriaco bayle of Bergerac to deliver these parishes to Bertran de Clairac or his attorney according to these letters and maintain and defend his rights there. Furthermore he orders to all the king's subjects to obey and attend them on this matter.

By K. and petition of parliament. 3

1.
It is written extractus in the margin.
2.
Some ruins of the medieval castle of Puychagut still remain on the commune of Saint-Astier (arr. Marmande, dép. Lot-et-Garonne).
3.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
192

12 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For William Nichol . 1

Grant for life to William Nichol, damoiseau , 2 for his good service to the king in the present war of Gascony, of all the goods, lands, possessions and revenues which were owned by Master Moirisson André Morisson wherever in the power and obedience of the king, unless Morisson returns to the king obedience within the period allocated to him. The earl of Lancaster orders the captain of the castle and Sanctus Johannes Angel' prévôt of Saint-Jean-d'Angély to deliver these to William Nichol or his attorney, and to maintain and defend him in their possession. On proviso that Nichol lives in person in the town of Sanctus Johannes Saint-Jean[-d'Angély] for its garrison. And proviso that the wines coming from the rebels' vineyards remains this present year to the earl of Lancaster or to those deputed by the earl to collect them.

By K. and petition of C.

1.
It is written extractus in the margin.
2.
On him, see Gribit, N. A., Henry of Lancaster's Expedition to Aquitaine, 1345-46 (Woodbridge, 2016), more particularly pp.310-1.
193

24 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For the men and inhabitants of the town of Tonnay-Charente .

The king unites forever the town of Thonny Charante Tonnay-Charente to the crown of England with the places, castles, houses and parishes of its jurisdiction and will be not granted to anybody apart from the eldest son of the king, heir to the crown of England.

By K. and petition of C.

194

12 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Henry Rose .

Order to the constable of Bordeaux that having seen the bills [mentioned below] and accounted with Henry Rose or his attorney on this matter, of the wages which were not accounted before, he has to pay them without delay to Rose or his attorney or make him a suitable allocation on the issues of the duchy of Aquitaine. Henry Rose, the king's valet , has supplicated the king that the king owes him in various sums of money for his wages, those of his men-at-arms and archers from the time they were in the siege, then in the garrison of Sanctus Johannes Angelin Saint-Jean-d'Angély as elsewhere in the duchy of Aquitaine, as more fully appear on bills Rose owns sealed under the seal of John Wawayn, former constable of Bordeaux, so Rose requests the king to have these sums paid or to have a suitable allocation.

By petition of parliament. 1

1.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
195

24 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Indenture made between the king and Galhart de Durfort . 1

The present letters confirm the indenture made between the king and Dureford Galhart de Durfort, kt , Duracio, de lord of Duras , by which the king granted him the bastides 2 and places of Miremont Miramont[-de-Guyenne] , Castro Sacrato, de Castelsagrat , in the diocese of Agen, Moleriis, de Molières and Bello Monte, de Beaumont[-du-Périgord] in the Sarlaten' diocese of Sarlat with their rights and appurtenances, to have forever him and and his heirs with high and low justice, mere and mixed jurisdiction, which are to be deducted from 2,000 gold crowns ( scuti ) of annual revenue which had been granted to him by Henry [of Grosmont], earl of Lancaster , former in tota lingua occitana king's lieutenant in all Languedoc , as more fully appear in the earl's letters about it. The king grants furthermore to Durfort that if he wants to revoke this grant, he will grant to him and his heirs the same annual sum of money with the same rights on suitable places in the duchy of Aquitaine, before they will be removed. If the annual revenues of these bastides and places do not reach 2,000 gold crowns, then the king will grant Durfort some places to reach this sum. And if these bastides and places exceed the annual sum of 2,000 gold crowns, then Durfort will respond of the surplus to the king.

1.
It is written extractus in the margin.
2.
New towns.
196

26 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Johan de Latour .

Confirmation of the grant to Turre, de Johan de Latour, Vasaten' burgess of the city of Bazas , made by Thomas Cok, kt , seneschal of Gascony, of all the right that was owned by Cabositz Galhart de Cabouzits in a mill called of Cabositz Cabouzits situated near the city of Bazas , and also of all the houses, vineyards, lands, revenues and inheritances which were owned by Galhart de Cabouzits in Bazas and the Vasadesii prévôté of Bazadais and were seized by the king because of some crimes and excesses committed by Cabouzits when he was alive. 1

By petition of parliament 2 and later by K.

1.
See the related entry entry 138 .
2.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.

For Johan de Latour, citizen of the city of Bazas.

197

24 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster .

Grant to la Toure Johan de Latour, Vasaten citizen of the city of Bazas , because of the good service he often did in the present war of Gascony, and because he totally lost 100 l.t. per year at the occasion of the surrender of Bazas and his joining to the king's party, to receive each year 100 l.t. to be received forever, him and his heirs, on the issues of the duchy of Aquitaine by the hands of the constable of Bordeaux, or until him or his heirs receive this annual sum as a hereditary fee.

198

Same as above

And it is ordered to the constable of Bordeaux to pay yearly 100 l.t. to Johan de Latour according to the king's letters.

By K. and petition of C.

199

Same as above For Thomas Bek .

Grant for life to Becke Thomas Bek , because of the good service in the king's service in the war of Gascony, of all the lands and tenements with its appurtenances which were owned by Guillaume Bastier in the town of Sancto Johanne, de Saint-Jean-d'Angély , king's enemy and rebel, which went in the king's hands by forfeiture. These goods will return to the king at Bek's death.

By K. and petition of parliament. 1

1.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.

For Simon de Montasager .

200

24 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . 1

Grant for life to Simon de Montasager , 2 because of the good service he did in the king's service in the present war of Gascony, and in reward of his service, the land of Pugereo, de Puyjarreau with its appurtenances within the Thanny Charante castellany of Tonnay-Charente for such annual farm some others would be ready to pay, receiving each year 100 gold florins from the issues of this land. And if these revenues exceed this sum, Montasager will have to respond yearly of the surplus to the constable of Bordeaux.

By K. and petition of C.

1.
It has been written extractus in the margin.
2.
Possibly a Simon de Montausier.
201

Same as above

And it is ordered to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to deliver this land to Simon de Montasager according to the king's letters.

By K. and petition of C.

For Bertran de Durfort, kt.

202

22 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . 1

To all archbishops, bishops, abbots, priors, counts, barons, judges, sheriffs, prévôts, officers and other bayles and faithful men of the king in the duchy of Aquitaine or elsewhere in the power of the king.

Grant by these presents to Bertran de Durfort, kt , Gaiaco, de lord of Gageac , for all the losses he suffered in the king's service, and as he continues to serve the king as proved by the testimony of several king's captains and other king's officers in the regions of Languedoc ( in partibus occitanis ), of the castle and place of Salva Terra Sauveterre[-la-Lémance] in the Agenn' diocese of Agen , 2 , with high and low justice, mere and mixed jurisdiction, and all its rights and appurtenances, any grants done to Bertran in satisfaction of his wages notwithstanding. The king revokes all allocations made to Bertran by the king, his lieutenants or some other officers to pay his wages. The king orders the inhabitants of the castle and place of Sauveterre[-la-Lémance] to take oath to Bertran de Durfort and his heirs, saving the king's high resort. Furthermore, the king grants to Bertran the licence to take possession of these castle and place by himself without requesting the king's officers, and if there is any opponent to this, he has the right to compel them by force.

By K. and C.

1.
It has been written extractus in the margin.
2.
The castle of Sauveterre-la-Lémance had been built by Edward I before 1290. See Gardelles, J., Les châteaux du Moyen Âge dans la France du Sud-Ouest. La Gascogne anglaise de 1216 à 1327 (Geneva, 1972), pp.220-2.
203

6 August 1348 . Westm' Westminster .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux, as well as the juge-mage of Bordeaux , to deliver the castle and place of Sauveterre[-la-Lémance] to Bertran de Durfort or his attorneys according to the king's letters, and to maintain and defend him in this possession, any frivolous appeal or complaint and letters against this notwithstanding.

By K. and C.

For Ramon-Bernat de Durfort, kt.

204

22 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . 1

To all archbishops, bishops, abbots, priors, counts, barons, judges, sheriffs, prévôts, officers and other bayles and faithful men of the king in the duchy of Aquitaine or elsewhere in the power of the king.

Grant by these presents to Ramon-Bernat de Durfort, kt , Fenolheto, de lord of Fenouillet and Gaynhaco, de Gagnac , who went in the king's obedience and for all the losses he suffered in the king's service, 2 and as he continues to serve the king as proved by the testimony of several king's captains and other king's officers in the regions of Languedoc ( in partibus occitanis ), of the bastides 3 and places of Monte Paserio, de Monpazier and Villa Franca Villefranche[-du-Périgord] in the Sarlaten' diocese of Sarlat , and Deganhaco, de Dégagnac and Concoreto, de Concorès in the Caturcen' diocese of Cahors , with high and low justice, mere and mixed jurisdiction, and all their rights and appurtenances, any grants done to Ramon-Bernat in satisfaction of his wages notwithstanding. The king revokes all allocations made to Ramon-Bernat by the king, his lieutenants or some other officers to pay his wages. The king orders the inhabitants of these places to take oath to Ramon-Bernat de Durfort and his heirs, saving the king's high resort. The king keeps the rights to revoke this grant and to give before some suitable allocations of 100 l.st. per year. Furthermore, the king grants to Ramon-Bernat the licence to take possession of these places by himself without requesting the king's officers, and if there is any opponent to this, he has the right to compel them by force.

By K. and C.

1.
It has been written extractus in the margin.
2.
He will return to the king of France's obedience in 1351. See Documents sur la Maison de Durfort , II, ed. N. de Peña (Bordeaux, 1977), p.598-600, no.1000.
3.
New towns.
205

6 August 1348 . Westm' Westminster .

And it is ordered to the seneschal of Gascony, the constable of Bordeaux and the juge-mage of Bordeaux to deliver these bastides and places to Ramon-Bernat de Durfort or his attorneys according to the king's letters, and to maintain and defend him in this possession, any frivolous appeal or complaint and letters against this notwithstanding.

By K. and C.

206

12 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Guillaume de Montasager .

Grant for life to Guillaume de Montasager , 1 because of his good service to the king during this present war of Gascony, of the Monasterii Novi priory of Montierneuf in the diocese of Saintes at Sanctus Aignen Saint-Agnant , 2 with its revenues and profits which were seized by the king because of the rebellion and hostility of the prior of this priory towards the king, to be hold by him or through attorneys. The king orders the noble man Lord Sancto Simphoriano, de, Landiranis, de Hélias de Saint-Symphorien called de Landiras, kt , 3 , and also the captain, the castellan and the Sanctus Johannes Angel' prévôt of the town of Saint-Jean-d'Angély or their lieutenants, to deliver this priory to Guillaume de Montasager , and maintain and protect him in this possession, any grant or allocation made by the earl of Lancaster against it notwithstanding.

By K. and petition of parliament. 4

1.
It could be a 'Guillaume de Montauzier' and is obviously a kinsman of Simon de Montasager mentioned in entry 200 .
2.
Some medieval remains of the priory of Montierneuf still exists in the commune of Saint-Agnant (arr. Rochefort, dép. Charente-Maritime).
3.
Captain for the king of Tonnay-Charente .
4.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
207

15 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning the accounting of wages .

Order to the constable of Bordeaux that having accounted with la Roke Huc de Laroque of the wages owed to him, if they have not been accounted before, and he will pay him of what he will find or will make a suitable allocation on the issues of the duchy of Aquitaine. Huc de Laroque has supplicated the king that this latter owed him various wages for him and his various sergeants for the time they were in the king's service in the present war of Gascony, so that Laroque requests the king to pay him or make him a suitable allocation.

By petition of parliament. 1

1.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.

For Galhart de Durfort.

208

22 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . 1

To all archbishops, bishops, abbots, priors, counts, barons, judges, sheriffs, prévôts, officers and other bayles and faithful men of the king in the duchy of Aquitaine or elsewhere in the power of the king.

Grant to Duro Forti, de Galhart [I] de Durfort, kt , Blanco Forti, de lord of Blanquefort and Duracio, de Duras , for all the losses he suffered because he came in the king's service, as he returned to the king's obedience several towns, places and castles as well as nobles, and as he continues to serve the king as proved by the testimony of several king's captains and other king's officers in the regions of Languedoc ( in partibus occitanis ), and as Henry [of Grosmont], earl of Lancaster , former king's lieutenant in the regions of Languedoc , granted him 2,000 gold crowns ( scudatos auri ) per year to be received by Galhart and his heirs from suitables places within the duchy of Aquitaine, with high and low justice, mere and mixed jurisdiction; the king grants to Galhart with the assent of his council the bastides 2 and places of Miremont Miramont[-de-Guyenne] , Castro Sacrato, de Castelsagrat , in the diocese of Agen, Moleriis, de Molières and Bello Monte, de Beaumont[-du-Périgord] in the Sarlaten' diocese of Sarlat with their rights and appurtenances, to have forever himself and and his heirs with high and low justice, mere and mixed jurisdiction, which are to be deducted from these 2,000 gold crowns. The king revokes all allocations made to Galhart by the king, his lieutenants or some other officers to pay his wages. The king orders the inhabitants of these bastides and places to take an oath to Galhart de Durfort and his heirs, saving the king's high resort. Furthermore, the king grants to Galhart de Durfort the licence to take possession of these bastides and places by himself without requesting the king's officers, and if there is any opponent to this, he has the right to compel them by force. 3

By K. and C.

1.
It has been written extractus in the margin.
2.
New towns.
3.
See the related entry entry 195 .
209

Same as above

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux, as well as the juge-mage of Bordeaux , to deliver these bastides and places to Galhart de Durfort or his attorneys according to the king's letters, and to maintain and defend him in these possessions, any frivolous appeal or complaint and letters against this notwithstanding.

By K. and C.

For Bertran de Durfort.

210

22 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster .

Grant for life to Duro Forti Bertran de Durfort, kt , Gaiaco, de lord of Gageac , of 100 l.st. to be received each year on the issues and emoluments of the place and town of Castilhones Castillonnès . The king orders to the constable of Bordeaux to satisfy Durfort of this sum on the issues of the town of Castillonnès. The king revokes all allocations made to Bertran de Durfort by the king, his lieutenants or certain other officers to pay his wages. Previously, Henry [of Grosmont], earl of Lancaster , former king's lieutenant in the regions of Languedoc , had granted 100 l.st. per year to Bertran de Durfort to be received on the lands and goods which were owned by Ademarus, Bruneti Aymar Brunet of Brageriaco, de Bergerac , which have been confiscated because of Brunet's rebellion. And Bernat de Durfort lost this allocation as it went to Henry [of Grosmont] when the king granted him the place and barony of Bergerac with all its rights, so Bertran de Durfort has requested the king to bring him a remedy about it.

By K. and C.

211

Same as above

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to deliver these 100 l.st. per year to Bertran de Durfort according to the king's letters, any frivolous appeal or complaint and letters against this notwithstanding.

By K. and C.

212

3 August 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Pey de Laroque .

Grant for life to la Roke Pey de Laroque, king's valet , at his supplication and in reward of his service to the king in the retinue of the Pomeriis, de lord of Pommiers 1 and certain other faithful men of the king in the duchy of Aquitaine and elsewhere, and because the king has heard testimonies of his good behaviour, of 100 l.bon.bord. of yearly revenues on the goods of rebels anywhere in the duchy, to be received by him in payment of his service.

By K. and petition of C.

213

6 August 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning protection .

Letters of protection, with clause volumus , granted up to 24 June 1349 to John de Braseby , who is going in the king's service to Gascony in the retinue of Colvile Thomas Colville .

By testimony of the same Thomas.

214

26 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Johan de Latour .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux, to permit la Tour Johan de Latour , to build a 'maison-forte' or fortalice and reinforce it with a stone and lime wall and crenellate it according to the king's letters about it, 1 as he had a 'maison-forte' or fortalice in one of his places in the Bolkayran parish of Brouqueyran next to the city of Vasaten' Bazas which has been destroyed and devastated by the French king's enemies and rebels and some others. 2 If the revenues pertaining to the king on this parish of Brouqueyran which are commonly called les frankals , the king has granted him, exceed the yearly sum of 20 s.st. per year, Latour would respond of the surplus to the constable of Bordeaux. 3

By petition of parliament 4 and later by K.

1.
On 20 May 1348, see entry 166 .
2.
It is probably the ' château du Mirail ' which is situated on the commune of Brouqueyran (arr. Langon dép. Gironde).
3.
See entry 166 .
4.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.

For Pey de Lamothe.

215

24 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster .

Grant for life to Mota, de Pey de Lamothe, lord of Lingonio, de Langon and Roketailliade Roquetaillade , because of the damages he suffered in the king's service and in joining the king's party, of the subsidy ( subsidium ) owed to the king by the inhabitants of the place of Langon and its jurisdiction ( honor ) to be levied by him, any allocation of this subsidy to pay some wages for a specific period notwithstanding. So that this subsidy returns to the king at Pey de Lamothe's death.

By K. and petition of C.

216

Same as above

And it is ordered to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to permit Pey de Lamothe to levy this subsidy on the inhabitants of Langon and its jurisdiction for all his life, according to the king's letters.

By K. and petition of C.

217

20 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For Andriu [de Budos], lord of Budos .

Same content as entry 167 .

By petition of parliament. 1

1.
Probably the parliament of Westminster which took place between 31 March 1348 and 13 April 1348.
218

20 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . Concerning protection for Ampaiss de Lamothe .

Letters of protection granted to Anapasia, Mota, de Ampaiss de Lamothe , sister of Mota, de Pey de Lamothe , 1 her men, lands, revenues and all her rightful possessions. The king orders to all his officers and faithful men of the duchy of Aquitaine to maintain and protect her.

By C.

1.
Lord of Langon and Roquetaillade.
219

28 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For the prior and canons of Saint-Pierre of Soubise .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux that having heard the complaint of the Soubize prior and canons of the church of Saint-Pierre of Soubise , or their proctors on this matter, and having summoned before them the owners of the tithes ( decime ), nobles and others, and if they own them unjustly, then they have to compel them to pay them to the prior and canons, according to the local fors and customs. The prior and canons of Saint-Pierre of Soubise have complained to the king that some nobles and others who own some large lands, vineyards and saltpans within the parish [of Soubise] and its chaplaincies, and they own the tithes on the corn, wine and salt of these lands, vineyards and saltpans and they unjustly do not pay them to the church of Soubise which has the right to have them according to the local right and custom, to their obvious despoilment, so that the prior and canons have supplicated the king to keep the ecclesiastical right on this matter.

By petition of C.

220

30 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . For the inhabitants of the town of Soubise near La Rochelle .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux, by letters under the king's seal in use in the duchy of Aquitaine, to confirm to the Soubize inhabitants of the town of Soubise near Rupella La Rochelle all the liberties which have been granted to them at the time they surrendered their town to the king.

By petition of C.

For the inhabitants of the town of Saint-Macaire.

221

28 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . 1

Grant to the Sancto Macherio, de consuls and inhabitants of the town of Saint-Macaire , because they have been often attacked by some king's enemies and rebels who have destroyed their vineyards and some other of their possessions for a long time, to be exempted forever of the payment at Bordeaux of all toll and custom on their own wines growing within one league around their town. And for their wines growing outside this area, they have to pay at Bordeaux the same custom as [the people] of Ageneg' Agenais and the regions of Tholos' Toulousain are used to pay for their wines. Any consuls or inhabitants wanting to sell some wine growing outside this area which will be passed for wines growing within one league of their town will have this privilege forfeited.

By K. and petition of C.

1.
It is written extractus in the margin.
222

10 August 1348 . Westm' Westminster .

And it is ordered to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to permit the consuls and inhabitants of Saint-Macaire to enjoy this privilege according to the king's letters.

By K. and petition of C.

For Amaniu de Laroque.

223

24 July 1348 . Westm' Westminster . 1

Grant for life to la Roke Amaniu de Laroque, the king's valet , Mauriaco, de lord of Mauriac , of the tithe on corn and wines pertaining to the king within the Sanctus Macharius castellany of Saint-Macaire receiving on theses issues and revenues 100 gold florins or their value in another money. If these issues and revenues exceed this sum, then Laroque has to respond yearly of the surplus to the constable of Bordeaux. Amaniu de Laroque has supplicated the king by his petition shown before the king and his council in the parliament formerly summoned at Westminster, 2 that he has been in the king's service during the wars in the duchy of Aquitaine and elsewhere without receiving any wages or any other payment by the king for this service up to now; and furthermore he was in the town of Aguillion Aiguillon when it was besieged by the king's enemies and rebels,