Physical condition of the roll

The roll consists of 40 membranes and is the longest individual roll in the series. There are entries on almost all of the face sides (except 8), and on many of the dorses (except 1d, 3d, 4d, 5d, 6d, 7d, 9d, 13d, 16d, 17d, 21d, 25d, 27d, 28d). The roll is generally clean and in good condition.

C 61/49 11 Edward III (1337-38)

Introduction.

This roll is in many ways not a standard Gascon Roll, for the majority of its business does not really relate to Aquitaine at all, but to the recruitment, supply and transport of the large army that Edward III hoped to take to the continent that year. As such it resembles other Gascon rolls such C 61/36 and C 61/37, both of which are similarly distorted by business relating to a military campaign. At least in the case of those two rolls the army did actually embark for Aquitaine and fight a campaign there in the 1320s but the preparations that C 61/49 record did not lead to a campaign: no army left England in 1337 although there was some military action by the seneschal Oliver Ingham from October 1337 onwards. 1 It was not until 1338 that Edward III was able to cross the Channel with an army, and on that occasion the army went, not to Aquitaine, but to the Low Countries.

The 1330s had been a period of success for English arms. Having only established his own personal rule in 1330, Edward used those who had supported his coup against his mother and Roger Mortimer as a tight circle, and it was to these men that he turned as he began to turn the tide against the Scots. With the Scots dealt with in the short-term with the victory at Halidon Hill and the capture of Berwick in July 1333, Edward began to turn his attention to his more intractable relationship with Philip VI and the French. By early 1337 the negotiations between the English and French were going nowhere, and in April Philip VI proclaimed the arrière-ban, to make preparations for the taking of the duchy of Aquitaine into his hands for Edward III’s rebellious actions. 2

Since the French were clearly intent on the seizure of the duchy of Aquitaine, it should be no surprise that Edward took the threat seriously, and began to make plans for the defence of the duchy. Although the army did not in the end go to Aquitaine, Edward III does seems to have had some definite plans for a campaign in Aquitaine. The very first entry on the roll deals with the arrest of shipping for service in Aquitaine dating to February 1337. 3 Further entries concern the problems of the arrest of ships, and it is clear that not only was this for the transport of the army to the continent, but to resist a perceived threat from the Scots. 4 A month later the royal clerk John de Charnels was appointed as receiver of victuals to be sent to the duchy, for the sustenance of the king’s faithful subjects in the duchy. 5 In addition to the appointment of Charnels, at the end of March 1337, Stephen de Blount, king’s clerk, was ordered to diligently attend to the provision of substantial quantities of wheat, oats, malt, cider, cheese, bacons, salted meat and other victuals for the men going to the duchy of Aquitaine, and hay for their horses. 6 At the same time a whole series of orders were made to the mayors and officers of English towns to select varying numbers of infantry, who were to be well equipped with armour and weapons. These were to be send to Portsmouth by 9 June, very quickly delayed to 15 June. 7 The selection of infantry and archers continued, but the delay pushed the assembly of the army at Portsmouth to early July. 8 . A further order was sent to the king’s son, the earl of Chester (the future 'Black Prince'), or his justiciar of Chester, to select infantry in Chester 9 Further orders were made for archers to be arrayed in the English counties to be at Winchester by 16 April. 10 The recruitment of troops also extended to Wales. 11

One of the issues that faced the king and his Council in assembling and transporting the army to the continent was the arrest and preparation of shipping. On 24 March Reynold de Cobham, Thomas de Poynings, Geoffrey de Say, and Robert de Watford, clerk, individuals already assigned to arrest ships of thirty tons or more in the Thames and Cinque Ports, were ordered to bring the date of their assembly forward from 28 May to 16 April to facilitate the shipping of the army, and to defend against the enemy. Similar writs were directed to other groups who had also been assigned to arrest ships, whilst others were sent letters of intendancy to facilitate the actions of those so assigned. 12 Since the arrest of the shipping, and the frequent delays in assembling both the shipping and the expeditionary force it was to carry, was repeatedly delayed, this meant that large numbers of ships, which otherwise should have been involved in trade along the English coast, and with the continent, were laid up and idle for several months, it is no surprise that there were attempts avoid the arrest. An order sent to most of the major ports in England and Wales made it clear that no ships were to be allowed to leave, except to places specified by the king, whilst severe measures were to be, and were taken against individuals such as Thomas Blanket, Walter le White and John Horncastle, apparently of Bristol, who had gone to ‘foreign parts’ without the king’s licence after the announcement of the arrest. 13 As late as September, there seems to have still been a serious plan to send a force overseas, when the pressure of finding shipping seems to have led the king and his council to countenance the arrest of smaller ships, apparently previously considered too small. 14 By January 1338, when it must have been amply clear that no departure was imminent for the king’s army to the continent, the king was forced to relent, and to begin to allow ships to leave ports to trade in continental ports. 15

The king seems to have been well aware of the strengths and weaknesses of English shipping, for he appears to have been taking strenuous efforts to obtain the service of galleys, a type of ship not generally found in use in England. One way that the king could do this was to arrest such ships that came to English ports. There must have been intelligence available to the king that two such ships from Genoa were expected to land at Sandwich, or other ports on the south coast, owned by Matteo di Nigra and Oliviero di Marin, for the mayor and bailiffs of Sandwich, and their fellow authorities in the other ports, were ordered to arrest them if they came to their port. 16 At the same time the king had also commissioned the construction of similar ships in England. Orders were made for the recruitment of a crew for le Edmund de la Cour which was noted as newly constructed. 17 The galley called la Phelippe , for which a crew was also sought to convey the king’s envoys on a diplomatic mission, may also have been of recent construction. 18

The king was not just interested in troops and the shipping for them. He was aware that he needed the support of skilled craftsmen, and the supply of provisions. He ordered named craftsmen from Great Yarmouth, and elsewhere in Norfolk and Suffolk, to be made to come to London with their tools. 19 Other orders were directed to the sheriffs of many counties to give aid to craftsmen making hurdles and gangways to fitout the ships. 20 Measures were also taken to acquire large quantities of both equipment and victuals. 21 . Witness also the measures taken for the conveyance of four anchors for the ship called la Grauntecogg’ . 22 In addition to bows and arrows, orders were given for the provision of 140 empty tuns of wine, boards, hurdles, gangways racks, ropes, canvas, stables, iron rings and other necessaries for the shipment of 600 horses in 60 ships, all to be found in Sussex alone. 23 Further entries dealt with foodstuffs, such as wheat, malt, sides of bacon, cider, herring, and cheese, and for their reception by William de Dunstable, receiver of victuals. 24 Since it was expected that local officials who were assigned to obtain the victuals, such as sheriffs, might struggle to pay for these from the resources of their shrievalty, they were instructed to direct those who had not been paid, to the exchequer. 25

In addition to preparations for the departure of troops from England, the king and his advisors were also concerned with the defence of both England and Aquitaine, especially in the context of the preparations that the French were believed to be making in their Channel ports. That the threat was very real is revealed by the provisions made for the southern counties of England in particular. The keepers of the ports and coast, usually magnates and other lesser landholders, were ordered to make ready to repel any invasion, and orders were extended to the liberties of North and South Wales, Chester and Durham. 26 Orders were also issued to the sheriffs of each county, and to the various liberties, to establish a network of beacons. 27 Finally, as had happened during the war of Saint-Sardos over a decade earlier, action was taken against alien priories, and French office-holders. 28 A few French servants of major magnates or from Brittany were allowed to remain free, being taken into royal protection. 29 In relation to the control of the Channel the mayor, jurats, hundred peers and commonalty of Bayonne were ordered to prepare all the ships of the city for service in the Channel, with licence to take action against the Scottish and other allies in the ports of Normandy, and the shipping found there. 30 These orders echoed those made on the roll for the previous regnal year on C 61/48. A further entry ordered the same to send twenty ships equipped for military service. 31 The preparations in Bayonne resulted in what must have been one of the few military engagements of this abortive year of warfare. In a letter from the king designed to rouse the spirits of the loyal citizenry, a reference is made to a naval victory over an enemy fleet, that, it would seem, had been ambushing ships sailing towards the duchy. 32

Measures were made to put the main strongholds of the duchy into the hands of trusted castellans. The important castle of Blaye was committed to Guilhem de Campagne. 33 The king subsequently ordered the seneschal to reconsider the custody of the castle of Blaye, not because of any concern for Campagne, but to retain the loyalty of Bérart d’Albret, who was then in custody of Blaye. 34 The problems over the custody of the castle of Blaye betrayed the king’s concern for the loyalty of the major magnates of the duchy then still loyal to him. This concern can also be seen in the pardoning of the debts of Arnaut II de Durfort, knight, and Arnaut III de Durfort, his son, owed to Edward I and II. 35 Indeed, we see a continuance of correspondence from the king to named important supporters in the duchy, praising them for their loyalty, and exorting them to not only remain loyal, but actively resist military attacks, and threats to the king-duke’s authority. 36 In a further attempt to attract support in the duchy, the king granted Oliver de Ingham, the seneschal, power to grant pardons to those who adhered to the king’s enemies, and of the felonies and trespasses they had committed. 37

In addition to the provisions for defence, attention was also given to the recruitment of allies. The most important of these was to the Low Countries, which ultimately was where the English army was to embark for the following year. Henry de Burghersh, bishop of Lincoln, William de Montague, earl of Salisbury, and William de Clinton, earl of Huntingdon, were assigned to lead the delegation, and orders were given for the shipping and crew to be provided. 38 The king’s close ties to the Low Countries, not least because of his marriage to Philippa of Hainault (Hainaut), makes this no surprise, but efforts were directed also to the Iberian kingdoms, Genoa and Sicily. 39 Only with the apparent failure to assemble his expedition did the king finally treat with the French, securing a short truce. 40 .

Although the roll is much preoccupied with the expedition being assembled in England, there is still a considerable amount of Gascon material dispersed throughout the roll. As noted above, much of this did relate to military preparations in the duchy, most of the usual matters concerning justice, offices, grants and trade can also be found. The continued struggle over jurisdiction between Edward III as duke of Aquitaine, and the king of France, a matter that had plagued the Kings of England since Edward I’s reign, can be observed in this roll. The seneschal of Gascony, and the constable of Bordeaux, were both ordered to assist the burgesses of Saint-Macaire in a matter of justice. The burgesses had hanged two thieves who had committed a murder after they had been convicted by the seneschal, but the officers of the king of France had claimed that the murder had been committed in the jurisdiction of Langon, then in the control of the French, and just across the river Garonne from Saint-Macaire, and the burgesses had been impleaded before the court of France. 41 The dispute between Pey de Camparian, a citizen of Bordeaux, and Johan de Latresne, that found several references in the roll for the previous year, and which centrered around Latresne’s accusation of treason against Camparian, is in part explained in this roll. Camparian claimed that the accusation resulted from Latresne’s anger at Camparian for buying a tenement that he believed was part of his inheritance. The seneschal was ordered to inquire into the matter, and to do justice to the parties. 42 The roll also displays evidence of the continued difficulties of the duchy’s resources to satisfy debts, some ven as old as Edward I’s reign. We find the claims of Ramon d’Espiau of Bayonne, and his wife Maria, daughter and heir of Sans d’Espelette, relating to money owed to Sans d’Espelette for the wages of him and his retinue when in service with Edward I. However, Espiau and his wife had made a similar request in the previous year, and payment had been ordered, without any apparent success, so they must have been more than dubious that payment would actually result on this further occasion, and indeed, further entries can be found on the following two rolls relating to this claim. 43 Given the unstable situation in the duchy at the time, it is also no surprise to find frequent entries granting annuities, and providing compensation for war losses, the vicomte of Tartas being a particularly noticeable recipient. 44 There is clear evidence that many payments were not actually being met. Payments to Matha d’Albret, lady of Gensac, and to Galhart, son and heir of Ramon Durand, knight, both appear to have been in arrears, and orders were made for the matters to be checked, and for payment to be made. Provisions for payment were also made for others, such as Simon Crimelli, king’s clerk, who had completed service, but were expected to do further service. 45

Trade cannot be ignored. The king and his council were particularly interested in curbing the unlicensed trade to and from the duchy. Concerning the trade from England, what was of interest was the wool trade. John de Lisle, the mayor of Bordeaux, was ordered to inspect all wool coming there, and to confiscate all that he found that had not paid the king’s customs and subsidies. The wool was to be kept for the king’s use. 46 An earlier entry addressed to the seneschal and constable of Bordeaux, ordered them to provide information on the same trade, but the men of Ipswich were particularly singled out. 47 As we have already seen, the long arrest of ships in England began to ease in early 1338, and the king gave licence for ships to go to the duchy on condition that they took wool and wheat to be delivered to the constable of Bordeaux, and travelled as a fleet, and they were to be permitted to bring a cargo wine back with them. 48 As well as action against English merchants, the king and his council also had a concern for the Gascon trade in wine and victuals with the Low Countries, which had been prohibited. A group of six named ships of Bayonne had been arrested at Bristol for this, and measures were implemented for the custody of the ships, mariners and cargo. 49

Simon J. Harris.

1.
Sumption, J., The Hundred Years War, Volume I: Trial by Battle (London, 1990), p. 215,223-6.
2.
For thorough discussions of the lead up to the war, and its stalling in 1337, see Ormrod, W.M., Edward III (London, 2011), p. 179-246; Sumption, J., The Hundred Years War, Volume I: Trial by Battle (London, 1990), p. 152 – 318); Rogers, C.J., War Cruel and Sharp: English Strategy under Edward III (Woodbridge, 2000), p. 77 – 173.
3.
See entry 1 .
4.
See entry 67 , entry 74 .
5.
entry 2 .
6.
See entry 10 .
7.
See entry 15 , delayed by entry 17 .
8.
See , entry .
9.
See entry 16 .
10.
entry 37 , entry 39 , entry 45 , entry 47 , entry 48 , entry 52 , entry 53 .
11.
See entry 57 .
12.
See entry 64 , entry 67 , entry 73 , entry 75 .
13.
entry 248 , entry 279 , entry , entry 279.3 . See also the example of John Longenogh, who was treated in a similar way ( entry 277 , entry 278 ). Goods of those avoiding arrest were also ordered to be seized, see entries entry 138 , entry 169 .
14.
See entry 427 .
15.
entry 459 .
16.
entry 266 , entry 266.1 , entry 266.2 .
17.
entry 173 .
18.
entry 139 , entry 238 , entry 244 .
19.
entry 31 .
20.
entry 77 .
21.
For example the mayor and sheriffs of London were ordered to purchase all the bows and arrows that they were able to, with the advice of Nicholas de Corand, supervisor of the king’s artillery ( entry 406 )
22.
entry 88 .
23.
entry 91 . Similar orders were addressed to the sheriffs of neighbouring counties (, entry ).
24.
entry 116 , entry 119 , entry 124 , entry 125 .
25.
entry 145 .
26.
entry 190 , entry 203 , entry 213 , entry 216 , entry 261 , entry 263 , entry 267 , entry 269 , entry 290 .
27.
entry 177 , entry 177.1.1 , entry 177.1.4 , entry 177.2.1 , entry 177.2.4 .
28.
entry 228 , entry 231 , entry 288 , entry 289 .
29.
entry 276 entry 300 .
30.
entry 23 entry 24 .
31.
entry 32
32.
entry 433 .
33.
entry 25 , entry 26 .
34.
entry 33 , entry 34 .
35.
entry 61 entry 62 .
36.
entry 217 , entry 218 , entry 219 , entry 220 , entry 221 , entry 222 , entry 223 , entry 429 , entry 431 .
37.
entry 280 .
38.
entry 139 , entry 155 , entry 156 .
39.
entry 465 , entry 466 , entry 476 .
40.
entry 498
41.
entry 12 . The jurats and burgesses received further favour in response to unspecified requests by entry 90 .
42.
entry 78 .
43.
entry 239 , entry 360 . Similar requests were made by Bertran de Noaillan ( entry 314 ).
44.
For example see entry 447 , entry 460 .
45.
entry 19 , entry 20 .
46.
entry 416 .
47.
entry 250 .
48.
entry 481 , entry 484 , entry 491 , entry 497 .
49.
entry 392 .

Membrane 40

Image of membrane 40

Gascon Roll for the 11th year of the reign of Edward III.

1

3 February 1337 . Turris London' Tower of London . For the arrest of 20 ships .

To the sheriffs, mayors, bailiffs, ministers, and masters and mariners of ships.

Letters of intendancy in favour of Roger Norman and Bynedon Thomas de Bindon of Suthampton’ Southampton who have received a commission to arrest twenty ships, and to prepare, arm and crew them for service in Gascony. Roger and Thomas are given full powers of arresting and taking all those who they find refuse to obey the orders, and committing them to prison where they are to remain until further orders are received.

By K.

2

3 March 1337 . Westminster . For the appointment of receivers of victuals .

Appointment, at the king’s will, of John de Charnels, king’s clerk , as receiver of victuals to be sent to the duchy, and those bought in the duchy for the sustenance of the king’s faithful subjects there , and for the paying of the wages of those servants with the money sent there with him, and from the issues of the duchy. Charnels is to account for the victuals and money.

By p.s.

For the grant of the custody of the castle of Bayonne.

3

12 March 1337 . Westminster .

Grant for a further term of five years of the custody of the castle of Bayonne Baiona together with the prévôté of the city to his servant Burdeg’ Oliver de Bordeaux . The king had originally granted the same offices to Bordeaux for the term of five years by his letters patent of 28 January 1332, Bordeaux rendering for the offices what Lupus Burdundi Lop-Bergunh had rendered.

By p.s.

4

Same as above

And it is ordered to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to permit Oliver de Bordeaux to hold the offices.

By p.s.

5

22 March 1337 . Westminster . For the delivery of the body of Juan de Begoña .

Order to Oliver de Ingham, seneschal of Gascony to deliver Beconie Juan de Begoña of Bitoria Vitoria in Ispannia Spain to Juan Gay , valet of the Ispannia king of Spain without delay. 1 Gay received a commission to attach Begoña in Burdeg' Bordeaux for false money, and has requested that Begoña be delivered to him.

By C.

1.
This Juan Gay could be possibly a Juan Garay. He was a valet of the king of Castile Alfonso XI.
6

20 March 1337 . Westminster . 1

Confirmation of the retention by Oliver de Ingham, seneschal of Gascony of Lebret Guitart d’Albret, vicomte of Tartasium Tartas in the king’s service for life under certain conditions contained in the indentures made between them. 2

By K. and C.

1.
Vacated because it was restored, and is otherwise below.
2.
The entry has been crossed out. For the letters for which this entry was crossed out for, see entry 21 .

For the vicomte of Tartas.

7

25 March 1337 . Westminster .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux that Lebret Guitart d’Albret, vicomte of Tartasii Tartas be assigned payment for his fee of retainder from baylies and places in the duchy each year for his life where he is able to receive it. Albret has requested this because he has been unable to receive payment by assignments on the issues of the customs of Bordeaux .

By K. and C.

8

25 March 1337 . Westminster .

Order to the same that the king’s officials and ministers, the commonalty and others of his faithful subjects assist Guitart d'Albret, vicomte of Tartasii, de Tartas and defend his lands as the king has learnt that the king of France has ordered certain of his subjects and ministers to harass and inflict damage on Albret, his men, lands and possessions because he has remained loyal to the king.

By K. and C.

9

20 March 1337 . Westminster . For the men of Bayonne .

Promise that no peace or truce is to be made with the king’s enemies without the men of Baiona Bayonne being expressly included. This is made for the damages that they have received on land and at sea by the subjects of the king of France and from the king’s enemies the Scots .

10

24 March 1337 . Westminster . For the provision of victuals .

Order to Stephen de Blount, king's clerk that, for the voyage of the king’s men and their horses to the duchy of Aquitaine, that he diligently devote himself to the provision of 4,000 quarters of wheat, 6,000 quarters of oats, 1,000 quarters of malt, 100 tuns of cider and cheese, bacons, salted meat and other victuals which he considers necessary for the voyage, together with hay for 2,000 horses for three weeks, and 40,000 horseshoes and nails for the same as he was assigned to do. All sheriffs, bailiffs, ministers and other faithful subjects of the king are to aid Blount when they are able.

By K. and C.

11

28 March 1337 . Westminster . For the mariners of Bayonne .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux that the masters, mariners and other subjects of Baion' Bayonne be discharged and acquitted of paying a charge of 2 s. morl. valued at 9½ d. st. which the prévôt was accustomed to take from each ship at the port of Bayonne . The mayor, jurats, hundred peers and commonalty of the city have complained of the exaction, and the king has granted that they be discharged and acquitted of the same by his letters patent.

12

20 March 1337 . Westminster . For the burgesses of Saint-Macaire .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux that in the matter of the hanging of two thieves in Saint-Macaire, if they find that there is truth in the complaint made by the burgesses of Sanctus Makarius Saint-Macaire , then they should assist them. A remedy has been requested on the behalf of the burgesses, since they have shown that the robbers, who were convicted before the seneschal of a murder committed in a meadow of the town, opposite the town of Lingenune Langon , which is in the authority of the king of France , were hanged in Saint-Macaire where the crime was committed; but the ministers of the king of France have claimed that the crime was committed in their territory, and the burgesses have been impleaded before the court of France and have expended 2,000 m.st. in their defence.

By K. and C.

13

Same as above For Pey de Laperche .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and constable of Bordeaux that if the matters be as attested they are to restore Pertica Pey de Laperche to the custody of the seal used to make contracts in the towns of Penna Penne[-d’Agenais] , and Podium Mirolli Puymirol notwithstanding a subsequent grant to John le Spicer . 1

By K. and C.

1.
For related entries concerning Spicer's grant, see entry in C 61/48 , entry in C 61/48 .
14

Same as above For Bernat de Béarn .

Order to the constable of Bordeaux to view the bills and letters of Bearnio Bernat de Béarn called Aspès for sums of money for wages for him and his men, and for compensation for horses from the time that he was in the service of the E[dward II], late king of England, the king’s father and of the king, to account with him fully, and make suitable payment or satisfaction to him from the issues of the duchy. Béarn has requested payment of the sums that the king owes him for the wages and compensation, and the king wishes to agree to this. 1

By K.

1.
For a related entry, see entry 27 .

For the selection of foot soldiers.

15

24 March 1337 . Westminster .

Order to the mayor and sheriffs of London that upon reading these presents they immediately select 500 foot soldiers from the city from the strongest and fittest men of the city, suitably armed with haketons, and well burnished bascinets and spears and other arms, and bring them to Portsmuth’ Portsmouth to make the crossing by 9 June in the king’s service at his wages. They are also given the power to arrest and imprison opponents and rebels that they come upon who oppose them.

By K.

In the same way it is ordered to the following, for the following numbers of men to be selected etc., [to be lead] to the same place, at the day, to go etc.:

15.1

The bailiffs of the city of Norwicus Norwich for 140 men; the mayor and bailiffs of Oxon' Oxford for 40 men; the mayor and bailiffs of Bristoll Bristol for 80 men; the bailiffs of Gloucestr’ Gloucester , for 40 men; the mayor and bailiffs of Heref Hereford for 40 men; the bailiffs of Wygorn’ Worcester for 40 men; the bailiffs of Coventre’ Coventry for 60 men; the mayor and bailiffs of Leicestr’ Leicester , for 30 men; the bailiffs of Stannford Stamford for 20 men; the bailiffs of Grantham for 20 men; the mayor and bailiffs of Salop’ Shrewsbury for 40 men; the bailiffs of Lodelowe Ludlow for 20 men; the mayor and bailiffs of Lincs Lincoln for 60 men; the mayor and bailiffs of Norhampton Northampton for 40 men; the Notingh' mayor and bailiffs of Nottingham for 20 men; the mayor and bailiffs of Cantebr' Cambridge for 20 men; the bailiffs of Huntyngdon’ Huntingdon for 10 men; the bailiffs of Sanctus Edmundus Bury St Edmunds for 50 men; the bailiffs of Ware for six men; the bailiffs of Sudbiry Sudbury for six men; the bailiffs of Chelmesford’ Chelmsford for six men; the bailiffs of Bedeford Bedford for ten men; the bailiffs of Dunstaple Dunstable for ten men; the bailiffs of Sanctus Albanus Saint Albans for 20 men; the mayor and bailiffs of Wynton’ Winchester for 40 men; the mayor and bailiffs of Exon’ Exeter for 40 men; the bailiffs of Gildeford’ Guildford for six men; the bailiffs of Kyngeston’ Kingston for four men; the bailiffs of Croyndon’ Croydon for four men; the bailiffs of Warrewyk’ Warwick for twenty men; the bailiffs of Derb Derby for ten men; the bailiffs of Briggesnorth’ Bridgnorth for six men; the Neuport bailiffs of Newport for four men; the bailiffs of Abyndon Abingdon for ten men; the bailiffs of Bodemynie Bodmin for ten men; the bailiffs of Launceueton’ Launceston for six men; the bailiffs of Trewereu Truro for six men; the bailiffs of Lostwithiel Lostwithiel for six men; the bailiffs of Cantuar’ Canterbury for 20 men; the bailiffs of Lichefeld’ Lichfield for ten men; the bailiffs of Welles Wells for ten men; the bailiffs of Aylesbury for six men; the bailiffs of Evesham for eight men; the bailiffs of Teukesbury Tewkesbury for six men; the bailiffs of Shaftesbury for four men;

15.2

The bailiffs of Baldok’ Baldock for four men; the bailiffs of Berkhamstede Berkhamstead for six men; the Redyng’ bailiffs of Reading for six men; the bailiffs of Brakkele Brackley for four men; the bailiffs of Sanctus Ivo St Ives for four men; the bailiffs of Sanctus Neotus St Neots for four men; the bailiffs of Bathon' Bath for ten men; the bailiffs of Dorsete Dorset for six men; 1 the bailiffs of Briggewater Bridgwater for ten men; the bailiffs of Taunton for ten men; the bailiffs of Toteneys Totnes for six men; the bailiffs of Barnstaple for six men; the bailiffs of Farnham for six men; the bailiffs of Alton for four men; the bailiffs of Alresford for four men; the bailiffs of Derteford’ Dartford for four men; the bailiffs of Cicestr’ Chichester for ten men; the bailiffs of Ely for six men; the bailiffs of Burgum Sancti Petri Peterborough for six men; the bailiffs of Ramsey Rameseye for six men; the bailiffs of Spaldyng Spalding for eight men; the bailiffs of Bannebiry Banbury for ten men; the bailiffs of Sar’ Salisbury for 40 men; the bailiffs of Roff’ Rochester for six men; the bailiffs of Maydenstane Maidstone for four men; the bailiffs of Bukyngham Buckingham for six men; bailiffs of Cirencestr’ Cirencester for eight men; the bailiffs of Stafford for ten men; the bailiffs of Niwerk Newark for ten men; the bailiffs of Burton’ super Trenta’ Burton upon Trent for four men; the bailiffs of Wycombe for six men; the bailiffs of Crux Roesia Royston for four men; the bailiffs of Waltham for six men; the bailiffs of Colecestr’ Colchester for ten men; the bailiffs of Sanctus Botho’ Boston for ten men; the bailiffs of Marlebergh’ Marlborough for six men; the bailiffs of Hungerford for four men; the bailiffs of Neubiri Newbury for four men; bailiffs of Henle Henley for four men; the bailiffs of Walyngford’ Wallingford for four men; the bailiffs of Neweton’ Newton for four men; the bailiffs of Melton’ Mounbray Melton Mowbray for six men; the bailiffs of Shirbourne Sherborne for four men.

1.
Since all the other places mentioned in this sequence of entries are towns or cities, it would seem that the county town of Dorset - Dorchester - was in fact meant here.
16

Same as above

It is ordered to Edward [of Woodstock], duke of Cornub’ Cornwall and earl of Cestr’ Chester or his justiciar of Chester and his lieutenant to select twenty foot soldiers from the city of Cestr’ Chester with similar powers against opponents and rebels.

By K.

For the postponement of the day for sending men to Portsmouth.

17

Same as above

Order to the mayor and sheriffs of London that the arraying of foot soldiers at Portsmouth for 9 June ordered by entry 15 be postponed until 15 June because of the shortness of time.

By K.

17.1

Same as above

The same to all and singular named in entry 15 .

18

16 March 1337 . Westminster . For the selection of archers .

Order to Daudele Hugh Audley, earl of Gloucester Glouc’ , Clynton William de Clinton, earl of Huntingdon Huntyngdon’ and Badelesmere Giles de Badlesmere to select 170 archers in Kant’ Kent as they were assigned, ensuring that they are armed with bows and arrows, for the king’s service at his wages and bring them to Wynton’ Winchester on 16 April, 100 in the company of the earl of Gloucester , 50 in the company of the earl of Huntingdon, and 20 in the company of Badlesmere. They are given full powers of arresting and taking all those who they will find refuse to obey the orders, and committing them to prison. The sheriff of the county, and all bailiffs, ministers and others in the county are to aid them.

By K.

For Simon Crimelli .

19

16 March 1337 . Westminster .

Grant to Simon Crimelli , king's clerk , for his service done and to be done of all the issues and profits from defaults and contumacy in the court of Gascony for his life, rendering nothing for the same.

By K. and C.

20

16 March 1337 . Westminster .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to permit the same Simon [ Crimelli ] to have and take the issues and profits as they were granted in entry 19 .

By K.

21

20 March 1337 . Westminster . Approval of letters made by the seneschal on the king's behalf .

Inspeximus , approval and acceptance of letters indented made between Oliver de Ingham, kt , seneschal of Gascony and Lebretum Guitart d’Albret, vicomte of Tartasium Tartas retaining the vicomte in the king’s service. The vicomte for his life is bound to serve the king and duke and his heirs in times of war and peace for an annual fee of 300 l. to be paid in equal portions on 29 September and at Easter; the king undertakes to defend the vicomte’s land from all damage and destruction, making compensation for any damage suffered from places near to the vicomté, or if that is not possible in England. The king is also to find wages for 60 men at arms, horses and 500 foot serjeants in garrisoning the castles of the vicomté and elsewhere. The vicomte is to be named in any peace or truce made by the king. 1

By K. and C.

1.
For an entry vacated in favour of this, see entry 6
22

26 March 1337 . Westminster . For protection .

Letters of protection, with clause volumus until 29 September 1337, for Sancto Mauro Thomas de Saint Maur who is going to Gascony in the company of Richard [FitzAlan], earl of Arundell Arundel in the king’s service.

By the testimony of the earl.

23

30 March 1337 . Wyndesore Windsor . For the setting out of certain ships of Bayonne against the enemies of the king on the sea .

Order to the mayor, jurats, hundred peers and commonalty of Baion’ Bayonne to prepare all the ships of the city for war to be sent to the English sea to search out each of the Normann’ ports of Normandy where the Scottish enemy , and the confederates and powers of the king of France and the other magnates are preparing their ships and galleys for war, to attack the king, and to resist them as they are able.

24

20 March 1337 . Westminster . For treating with the men of Bayonne concerning the value of the ships etc. .

Order to Oliver de Ingham, seneschal of Gascony that he treat with the mayor, jurats, hundred peers and commonalty of Bayonne concerning the value of the ships and wages made on this in similar cases by the king’s progenitors. Separate letters have been sent to the mayor, jurats, hundred peers and commonalty on this.

By K.

25

20 March 1337 . Westminster . For accounting with the keeper of the castle of Blaye .

Order to the constable of Bordeaux to account with Campania Guilhem de Campagne, keeper of the Blania castle of Blaye for the arrears of his wages for the custody of the castle, and also for his wages for as long as he continues to hold the castle, paying him from the issues of the Blavia prévôté of Blaye , and he will have due allowance in his account.

By K.

26

20 March 1337 . Westminster . For the commitment of the custody of the castle of Blaye .

Commitment at will of the custody of the castle and castellany and prévôté and land of Blavia Blaye to Campania Guilhem de Campagne . Campagne is to receive the customary fees and wages, and he is not to be removed without the king’s mandate. 1

By K.

1.
For a related entry, see entry 34 .
27

20 March 1337 . Westminster . For Bernat de Béarn .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to view the information that the king has resent to them, and if the land that was assigned to Bearnio, de Bernat de Béarn, called Aspes was insufficient to pay the 100 l. annuity that he had been previously granted, then they are to make a further assignment in a suitable place, paying any arrears in the annuity or making an assignment on the issues of the duchy, and the constable will have due allowance in his account. Béarn has shown that Edward II, late king of England granted an annuity of 100 l. to him, to be taken each year for his life, and assigned to Béarn for its payment, which he asserts are insufficient for its payment, and upon which he has previously requested satisfaction. On account of this the king ordered the seneschal and constable to view the letters of grant and assignment, and also all related material, and to diligently and fully certify the king without delay. Having received the information, the king wishes to agree to the request. 1

By K. and C.

1.
For a related entry, see entry 14 .
28

20 March 1337 . Westminster . For Huc de Savignac .

Order to Usus Maris Niccolò Usodimare, constable of Bordeaux to view and examine diligently the letters of acquittance and other evidence that Sevynak’ Huc de Savignac wishes to show him, and if he finds that Savignac made full payment of the debt to the king, and that his goods were taken into the king’s hand for this reason and no other, then he is to release them and deliver them to Savignac. Savignac has complained that his goods have been taken to his damage for a debt that he has been acquitted of. 1

By K.

1.
For a related entry, see entry 35 .
29

4 April 1337 . Turris London' Tower of London . For attorneys .

30

3 March 1337 . Turris London' Tower of London . For the sending of certain men of various trades to London .

Order to the bailiffs of the town of Jernemuth Great Yarmouth to send Smyth’ Richard le Smith and John his brother, Adam de Brom , William Pie of Hales Leyne , John Fitheryld’ , Edmund Rothe of Wynston’ Winston , William Raneride , Roger son of Millere William Miller of Kyrkeby Kirby Cane , William Wlloth’ of Great Yarmouth , John Gososch’ , Nicholas Durant , William Camplion , Hugh Waffre of Wyndon’ , William Syrek’ of Norton , Adam Sprotholf , William de Wyndele Personesneweill’ , Alan Norman of Wyndele Gerveys John Gervis le Pemsne , atte Well’ Walter Attwell , atte Well Robert Attwell , Richard Dye , William Costyn of Hadsoo Haddiscoe , William Pie le Pemsne , William de Trumneshawe , John de Rowe of Rollesby , Robert de Rollesby , Cartere Richard Carter , Cartere Simon Carter , William Fitz Adam of Thole , Croune Reynold Crown of Norton , Spynk’ Robert Spink , Elwyne Thomas Elwyn , Roger Cok’ of Toft Toft Monks , Tournour William le Turner, servant , John Gerveys of Fleg’ Fleggburgh , John le Clerk of Toft Toft Monks , and Robert de Rakelonde , carpenters and smiths of the same town with their tools to London in accordance with orders for works to be done at London. The sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk has been ordered to provide sufficient carriage for the craftsmen's tools as far as London together with their reasonable expenses for the journey from the issues of the sheriff’s bailiwick. The sheriff is to have full power to arrest and imprison those carpenters and smiths that refuse.

By K.

32

20 March 1337 . Westminster . For the sending of twenty ships of Bayonne to sea .

Request to the mayor, jurats, hundred peers and commonalty of Baiona Bayonne that they send twenty ships well equipped for war to act in the king’s service at sea against the king’s enemies as they have been accustomed to do in such times for the king’s progenitors, and according to the commission sent to them. The seneschal has been written to on the same matter.

33

20 March 1337 . Westminster . For the same business .

Order to Oliver de Ingham, seneschal of Gascony to bring la Bret' Bérart d'Albret in and treat him wisely and firmly, so that he will act for the king’s honour and not be distracted by the care of his own land, Ingham doing what he considers expedient for the custody of the castle of Blaye and the king’s lands there, the king considering that Albret should remain in the castle for its defence in the troubled times.

34

20 March 1337 . Westminster . For a commission to be delivered to Guilhem de Campagne .

To the same, a commission for Campania Guilhem de Campagne, king’s valet , concerning the custody of the castle and castellany and prévôté and land of Blavia Blaye , the seneschal only delivering it if he considers it advantageous to the king. 1

1.
For a related entry, see entry 26 .
35

5 April 1337 . Turris London' Tower of London . For Huc de Savignac .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux to examine the letters and other evidences of Sevignak Huc de Savignac relating to a debt demanded from him, if they agree that he and the lands, tenements, goods and chattels ought to be discharged, then it ought to be done according to the law and fors. Savignac complained that the constable distrained him for a debt which Guilhem-Ramon Colom , deceased, owed in the Burdeg’ treasury of Bordeaux . Ramon Colom’s lands and tenements, goods and chattels had descended to Savignac, and he had been distrained while he was in the king’s service in Scotland , though he had letters of acquittance and other documents for the debt. 1

1.
For a related entry, see entry 28 .
36

4 April 1337 . Turris London' Tower of London . For Pey de Vignal. .

To the stewards, reeves, ministers and all bailiffs within the realm and authority.

Order to permit Pey de Vignal, merchant to leave the realm with his ship la Maudeleyn of Bayonne for the duchy without impediment, and to load the ship with wine and merchandises and bring it back for the king, notwithstanding orders for the arrest of ships. Vignal has been sent by the king’s order to buy wine for the king’s use.

By K.

37

15 March 1337 . Westminster . For the speedy selection and leadership of men .

Order to Bello Campo, de Giles de Beauchamp that if he or his deputies in the Dene forest of Dean between Weye Wye and Severne Severn have not yet selected the 100 archers from Glouc’ Gloucestershire and the same from Heref’ Herefordshire , and two leaders for the same, well armed, equipped and arrayed according to Beauchamp’s commission previously directed to him, then he is to do so. He is to make them go to Wynton’ Winchester , by 16 April next to go in the king’s service at his wages in Beauchamp’s company, or that of others.

They were patent.

38

10 April 1337 . Westminster . For Pey de Saint-Jean .

To the admirals, stewards, reeves, ministers and all bailiffs within the realm

Order to permit Sancto Johanne, de Pey de Saint-Jean, Baiona merchant of Bayonne with his ship the Sancta Maria of Sanctus Sebastianus San Sebastián to be able to leave the realm for the duchy without impediment, and to load his ship with wine and merchandises and bring it back for the king, notwithstanding orders for the arrest of ships. Saint-Jean has been sent by the king’s order to buy wine for the king’s use.

By K.

39

17 March 1337 . Westminster . For 400 men to be selected from 2,000 .

Order to Monte Acuto, de William de Montague, earl of Sar’ Salisbury that if he or his deputies in Sutht’ Hampshire , Wiltes’ Wiltshire , Somers’ Somerset , Dors’ Dorset , Devon’ Devon and Cornub’ Cornwall have not yet selected the 2,000 archers well armed, equipped and arrayed, according to Montague’s previous commission, and because the king wishes that 400 of the strongest of them be sent him, he is to select them without delay and lead them to Wynton’ Winchester , by 16 April next, to go in the king’s service at his wages in Montague’s or his deputies’ company.

They were patent.

20 March 1337 . Westminster . For Matha d'Albret .

Order sicut alias to the constable of Bordeaux to pay at the king’s pleasure to Lebreto, de Matha d'Albret, lady of Genciak Gensac and Castrum Mauron’ Castelmoron-d’Albret the arrears of an annuity of 100 l.st. and the same sum each year from the issues of the customs of Bordeaux , because the constable has not paid the same, and if there is a reason why anything less should be done, the king should be told by letters under his seal used in the duchy without delay. Matha d'Albret requested by her petition remedy concerning an annuity granted her by William, bishop of Norwich and Oliver de Ingham, king's councillors in the duchy, while she was supporting the war effort and as she supported Edward II and Edward III. The sum was granted her as appears in the letters patent to Matha, and the same was ordered to be paid, but has not been.

By C.

40

Same as above For Galhart Durand .

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux that having viewed the indentures made between Durandi Galhart Durand , son and heir of Durandi Ramon Durand, kt , and John Travers, late constable of Bordeaux and other evidences concerning sums of money owed to Durand to be taken by assignment upon rents of the duchy, if he has not received satisfaction then the constable should make payment or suitable satisfaction, receiving the letters of assignment for the sums not paid. Durand complains that the rents from which he was to receive payment were in part assigned to others, and in part collected for the king’s use.

By K.

For the grant of the writing office of the prévôté of Dax.

41

Same as above

Announcement that Pey de Mokoan , notary has been granted the writing office of the prévôté of Aquen’ Dax for his discretion and industry, having the profits pertaining to the office. Order to the seneschal of Gascony and constable of Bordeaux to give him the office and its profits.

By K.

42

Same as above

And it is ordered to the seneschal of Gascony, and the constable of Bordeaux to cause Pey [de Mokoan ] to have [the writing office of the prévôté of Dax ], with its profits.

By K.

43

Same as above For the commitment of the office of general serjeant in Gascony .

Announcement of the commitment at pleasure to la Mota Pey de Lamothe of the office of serjeant general in the duchy and especially in the prévôté of the Umbreria Ombrière of Bordeaux . All the king’s subjects are commanded to be obedient and attend to de Lamothe while he is in office.

By K.

44

Same as above For the making of liveries by view of the controllers .

Order to the constable of Bordeaux that from henceforth all receipts and liveries of money from the issues of the duchy pertaining to his office be made by view of the controllers there.

By K. and C.

45

11 March 1337 . Westminster . Being intendant to Giles de Beauchamp in arraying .

Letters of intendancy to the sheriffs, bailiffs, ministers and other faithful subjects both within and without liberties, in favour of Bello Campo, de Giles de Beauchamp or his deputies, and they are to advise and aid them as often as and when they need it. Beauchamp has been assigned to select 100 archers and a leader in the county of Hereford , and that they are to be suitably armed, equipped and arrayed to go in the king’s service for the defence of the realm against his enemies. Beauchamp has also been given power to arrest and take contrariants or rebels and commit them to prison where they are to be detained.

By K. and C.

46

20 March 1337 . Westminster . For the selecting of mariners .

Letters of intendancy to the sheriffs, bailiffs, ministers and other faithful subjects both within and without liberties that they should be intendant upon, advise and aid Robert de Barton and Adam le Coggere and they are to advise and aid him as often as and when he needs it. Barton and Coggere have been assigned to select all the men, both mariners and others between Cristchirche Christchurch and Portesmouth Portsmouth in Sutht’ Hampshire for the manning and protection of the king’s ships called la Katerine , la Maudeleyne , la Cristofre and la Shanencogge going in the king’s service at sea with other ships of the realm for the defence of the realm against the aggression of the enemies. This is to endure until 29 September.

47

20 March 1337 . Westminster . For being intendant on Thomas de Berkeley in selecting archers .

Letters of intendancy to the sheriffs, bailiffs, ministers and other faithful subjects both within and without liberties, in favour of advise and aid Thomas de Berkley or his deputies, and they are to advise and aid them as often as and when they need it. Berkley has been assigned to select 100 archers in Glouc’ Gloucestershire , except the Dene forest of Dean , and in Somers’ Somerset , in addition to those already ordered to be selected in those counties, and that they be suitably armed, equipped and arrayed. They are to be at Wynton’ Winchester by 27 April next to go in the king’s service for the defence of the realm against the aggression of his enemies. Berkley has also been given power to arrest and take contrariants or rebels and commit them to prison where they are to be detained.

By K. and C.

48

16 March 1337 . Westminster . For the selection of 100 archers in Norfolk and Suffolk .

Assignment of Norwico, de John de Norwich or his deputies to select 100 archers in Norfolk and Suffolk both within and without liberties, and that they be suitably armed, equipped and arrayed. He is to ensure that they are at Wynton’ Winchester by 16 April to go in the king’s service at his wages in Norwich’s company. He is ordered to attend diligently to this, and has also been given power to arrest and take rebels and commit them to prison where they are to be safely kept. Order to the sheriff, and all bailiffs, ministers and other faithful subjects to be intendant upon, advise and aid Norwich and his deputies as and when they need it. 1

By K.

1.
There is a space where another entry was intended to be inserted, the first few words of an entry have been erased.

For the grant of the baylie of Puymirol.

49

20 March 1337 . Westminster .

Grant to Duro Forti, de Ramfré [II] de Durfort for his good service against the king’s enemies in the duchy, and in recompense both of the Bagemount castle of Bajamont and other lands in the duchy that Durfort has lost for his service against the king of France , he has been granted the Podium Mirolli baylie of Puymirol for life with all its issues and profits up to the value of 100 m.st. per annum. He is to answer to the constable of Bordeaux for anything beyond that sum.

By K.

50

Same as above

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and constable of Bordeaux to deliver the baylie [of Puymirol] to Ramfré [II] Durfort .

51

10 April 1337 . Turris London Tower of London . For the confirmation of letters of the seneschal of Gascony .

Inspeximus of letters of Oliver de Ingham, seneschal of Gascony:

Letters of intendency for Arnaut de Castectas to whom he granted the office of serjeant-general . Castectas has sworn on the gospels to faithfully execute the office, and Sans de Lern Lernio, de , burgess of Bordeaux has given surety in 50 l. bord. for Castectas ’ performance of the office.

The letters are confirmed.

For the selection of archers.

52

26 March 1337 . Westminster .

Assignment of Ferers Thomas de Ferrers and Folevill’ John de Folville to select 120 archers in Leicestershire , the towns of Leycestr’ Leicester , and Melton Moubray Melton Mowbray , excepted, and that they be suitably armed, equipped and arrayed. They are to lead them to Portesmuth’ Portsmouth by 7 June next to go in the king’s service at his wages in Ferrers’ and Folville’s and others’ company. They are ordered to attend diligently to this, and are given full powers of arresting and taking all those who they will find refuse to obey the orders, and committing them to prison where they are to be safely kept. The sheriff has been ordered to be intendant upon, advise and aid Ferrers and Folville.

By K.

The same to those assigned below to select the numbers in their respective counties:

52.1

And afterwards, on 1 May, Knyvet was elsewhere in the king’s service and William Wade was assigned in his place; on 3 July, Seyton was elsewhere in the king’s service and Ralph Gaillard was assigned in his place. The archers are to be at Portesmuth’ Portsmouth by 8 July.

52.2

And afterwards, on 5 June, Dengayne was unable to continue because of illness and Bassyngbourn’ John de Bassingbourn was associated to Dengayne and Humphrey de Bassingbourn. The archers are to be at Portesmuth’ Portsmouth by 8 July.

52.5

And afterwards, on 25 April, Braybrooke was elsewhere in the king’s service and Thomas de Reyme was assigned in his place.

52.6

And afterwards, on 30 May, Croiser was charged with other business of the king and Bello Campo, de John de Beauchamp was assigned in his place. The archers are to be at Portesmuth’ Portsmouth , by 6 July next.

52.10

And afterwards, on 1 June, Stafford and Menee were unable to continue because of sickness, and Wastenays Mal[co]lmus le Wasteneys , Roger de Aston and Warinton’ Thomas de Warrington were assigned in their place. The archers are to be in the same place by 8 July.

52.12
52.15
52.16

Henry de Husee and Anthony Peverel – 200 archers in Sussex , the city of Cicestr’ Chichester , excepted.

52.18
52.22
53

Same as above

Order to Edward [of Woodstock], Cornub’ duke of Cornwall and Cestr’ earl of Chester or his Cestr’ justice of Chester that 200 archers be selected in Cestr’ Cheshire , and be made to come there mutatis mutandis , with power to punish contrariants and rebels.

By K.

54

Same as above

Assignment of Robert de Hagham , Duresme Edmund de Durham , Haveryng John de Havering and John Giffard to select 20 foot soldiers and 160 archers in Essex , the towns of Waltham , Colecestre Colchester , and Chelmerford’ Chelmsford , excepted, and that they be suitably armed with haketons, and well burnished bascinets, spears and mailed gloves and other arms.

By K.

In the same manner those assigned below are to select the numbers in their respective counties:

54.2

John Bavent and Peter de Ty – 40 foot soldiers and 160 archers in Norfolk , the city of Norwic' Norwich , excepted.

54.3

William de Criktoft’ and John de Furneux – 60 foot soldiers and 100 archers in Suff’ Suffolk , the towns of Sanctus Edmundus Bury St Edmunds , and Suff Sudbury excepted.

And afterwards, on 4 June, Furneux was detained at Novum Castrum super Tynam Newcastle upon Tyne by illness and Thomas de Holebrok’ was associated with Criktoft ’ and Furneux. The archers and soldiers are to be at Portesmuth’ Portsmouth by 8 July.

For the postponement of the day.

55

12 April 1337 . Westminster .

Order to Ferers Thomas de Ferrers and Folevill’ John de Folville that the archers that they were assigned to select in Leyc’ Leicestershire to be arrayed at Portesmuth’ Portsmouth by 7 June be delayed until 13 June to go in the king’s service.

By K.

55.1

In the same way it is ordered to all those previously written to, mutatis mutandis .

56

Same as above

Afterwards, on 11 May, Ferers Thomas de Ferrers was charged with other business of the king, and John de Boyvill was assigned in his place together with Folevill’ John de Folville .

By K.

For the arraying of men in North Wales.

57

16 March 1337 . Westminster .

Assignment of John de Leybourne , Roger Corbet , Shaldeford’ William de Shalford , Maddok Gruffudd ap Madoc de Glendworthy and Madoc Clotyheth’ to select 400 men in the lands of North Wall’ North Wales , of whom two parts are to be archers, and the residue armed with spears, and that they be suitably armed. Assignment of Hambury Robert de Hanbury , Gruffudd ap Dafydd ap Elis , Griffuth’ Ieuan ap Gruffudd , Griffuth’ William ap Gruffudd , and Waghan Dafydd ap Hywel Bychan to lead the men so that they be at Wynton’ Winchester by 27 April next to go in the king’s service together with Hanbury, ap Elis, ap Gruffudd, ap Gruffudd and Bychan at his wages. They are ordered to attend diligently to this. The justiciar of North Wall’ North Wales or his lieutenant and the other ministers have been ordered to be intendant upon, advise and aid Leyburn, Corbet, Shalford, Glendworthy and Clotyheth’. The justiciar has also been given power to arrest and take contrariants or rebels among the 400 men and commit them to prison. The chamberlain of North Wall’ North Wales has been ordered to pay the wages of the leaders and men their reasonable wages until they reach Winchester from the issues of the chamber.

By K.

58

Same as above

Order to the bishop of Hereford, lord of Bishopescastel Bishop’s Castle , in part reciting the assignment made to Leiburn John de Leybourne and others in 56 to select archers and other men in North Wales , and enjoining the bishop to select 20 men within his lordship, of whom two parts are to be archers, and the residue armed with spears, and that they be suitably armed, and Hambury Robert de Hanbury , Gruffudd ap Dafydd ap Elis , Griffuth’ Ieuan ap Gruffudd , Griffuth’ William ap Gruffudd , and Waghan Dafydd ap Hywel Bychan have been assigned to lead them so that they be at Wynton’ Winchester , by 27 April next. The chamberlain of North Wall’ North Wales has been ordered to pay the wages of the leaders and men their reasonable wages until they reach Winchester as above.

By K.

In the same way it is ordered to the following to array men in their lordships, and for them to be lead as above:

59

16 March 1337 . Westminster . For the leading of men to Winchester .

Assignment of Hambury Robert de Hanbury , Eleys Gruffudd ap Dafydd ap Elis , Howel Ieuan ap Gruffudd ap Hywel , Griffith’ William ap Gruffudd , and Waghan Dafydd ap Hywel Bychan , to lead the men selected by John de Leybourne and others in North Wall’ North Wales and those selected by various lords in their respective lordships to Wynton’ Winchester by 27 April next to go in the king’s service. They are ordered to attend diligently to this. John de Leybourne and the others have been ordered to deliver the men. The chamberlain of North Wall’ North Wales has been ordered to pay Hanbury and the others’ wages as well as those of the men as far as Winchester. They have also been given power to arrest and take contrariants or rebels among the one thousand men and commit them to prison.

By K.

60

18 March 1337 . Westminster . For the paying the wages of the Welshmen .

Order to the chamberlain of North Wall’ North Wales to pay the wages and reasonable expenses of those Welshmen selected by John de Leybourne and others, and by various lords and to be led by Hambyry Robert de Hambury and others to Wynton’ Winchester , to be there by 27 April next. The payments are to be made by indenture, with the chamberlain receiving due allowance in his account.

For Arnaut [II] de Durfort and Arnaut [III de Durfort] his son.

61

11 April 1337 . Wyndesore Windsor .

Pardon to Duroforti Arnaut [II] de Durfort, knight , and Arnaud [III de Durfort], his son , for the great and praiseworthy service done to Edward [II], late king of England , and to the king in their wars in the duchy, of all manner of debts in money or received from the wardrobes of Edward [I] , Edward [II] or the king .

By K. and C.

62

Same as above

Order to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux that Arnaut [II de Durfort] and Arnaut [III], his son , are to be quit of the debts and should not be troubled or aggrieved for the debts.

By K. and C.

63

24 April 1337 . Wyndesore Windsor . 1

Order to the constable of Bordeaux that he should give 160 l. from the issues of the duchy to Noallano, de Bertran de Noaillan , receiving from him or his attorney his letters of acquittance, the constable receiving due allowance in his account. Noaillan was granted at the request of Gaillard [de Lamothe], cardinal deacon of S. Lucia in Silice for the injuries, damages and disherison of lands and goods which Lord Montassin de Noaillan, kt , deceased, suffered in the service of Edward [I] in his wars in England , Scotland and Gascony , Bertran being Montassin’s kinsman and heir. Scassafort Jordan d'Escassefort, kt , proctor and attorney of Bertran de Noaillan has received 40 l.st. of the 200 l. from the Florencia merchants of the Bardi of Florence . 2

By K. and C.

1.
A note in the margin states 'Vacated because it was restored, and he has other letters of the king to the constable of Gascony for 100 l. , and to the treasurer and chamberlain for 60 l. to be paid to him just as appears below and in the close rolls for this year.
2.
The entry is crossed out.

For the hastening of the business of the king.

64

23 April 1337 . Westminster .

Order to the sheriff of Ebor’ Yorkshire , the king desiring to hasten the execution of his business, that just as he was ordered before by the king, that he should attend on, consult with and aid Fraunk William Frank and Donyngton Reynold de Donnington, clerk , in the execution of the matters for which the king assigned them, the sheriff being punished as an example if the execution of the business is delayed by his lukewarmness or negligence. Frank and Donnington were assigned to arrest all ships of 30 tons or more which are in the ports of the waters of Hull , Humbre Humber and Ravensere Ravensor and in all other places and ports as far as the port of Lenne Lynn , which are not already arrested for the king’s service, and to arm them with well and suitably armed mariners and others. Ros, Hamelak’ William de Roos of Helmsley , and Kyngeston’ James de Kingston are to prepare those ships and the others that have been arrested for the shipping of horses, and to provide hurdles, gangways and all other necessary things for shipping the same just as is contained in the king’s letters patent. The sheriff was commanded to attend on, consult with and aid Frank and Donnington and to provide carpenters, smiths and other workers for the making of the hurdles, gangways and other necessary things for the shipping of horses when Frank and Donnington or their deputies will make it known. The king wishes that the sheriff will receive allowance in his account at the exchequer for the stipends of the workers, and for the carriage of the hurdles, gangways and other necessaries by view and testimony of Frank and Donnington.

By K. and C.

65

Same as above

A similar writ is to be directed to the sheriff of Lincolnshire .

For the proclaiming that those men selected for the king’s service should be at Portsmouth at a certain day.

66

22 April 1337 . Westminster .

Order to the Leycestr’ sheriff of Leicestershire that he cause it to be publicly proclaimed on the king’s behalf in every place in his bailiwick where he considers it expedient, that all those of the same county who were selected or are to be selected to go in the king’s service by virtue of the king’s order, under pain of forfeiture should be at Portesmuth' Portsmouth , by 15 June prepared to go in the king’s service together with other faithful subjects of the king. It is to be made known to them that refusal to obey will lead to them being taken. The king assigned certain people to select in the county, as in other counties on that side of the Trentam Trent , except in certain cities and towns, a certain number of archers to go in the king’s service at his wages, and assigned bailiffs and law-worthy men of the excepted cities and towns to select a certain number of men at arms, all of whom were to suitably armed, and to be at Portsmouth by 15 June. The king fears that the men’s refusal to obey or their lukewarmness to go in the king’s service will delay their arrival.

By K.

66.1

In the same way it is ordered to each sheriff of counties in which any men are selected by order of the king for his service to certain parts.

For the arresting of ships.

67

18 March 1337 . Westminster .

Order to Fraunk William Frank and Donyngton’ Reynold de Donnington, clerk , that they diligently attend to the task of arresting ships in the water of Hull , Humbre Humber and Ravensore Ravensor and in all ports along the coast as far as Lenne Lynn , and the crewing and equipment of them so that they can carry horses and other necessaries for war, and that they are to be at Portesmuth’ Portsmouth , on 31 May. It had previously been commanded that ships be arrested to resist the aliens and other Scottish enemies who were threatening the coast, and be equipped for war and with victuals for thirteen weeks and that they assemble at the port of Orewell’ Orwell , with other ships from other ports from the Thames northward on 15 March, Ros, Hamelak’ William de Roos of Helmsley and Kyngeston’ James de Kingston being assigned to lead them, but they had not come. The sheriffs, mayors, bailiffs, ministers, masters and mariners of ships have been commanded to obey and be intendant to them. They have also been granted the power to arrest all rebels and contrariants and commit them to prison.

By K. and C.

68

Same as above

Similar commission directed to Benhale Robert de Benhall , Erpyngham Robert de Erpingham and Alexander, parson of the church of Horham to arrest all ships according to the aforesaid form in the port of Lenne Lynn , and in all ports along the coast as far as the Thames .

By K. and C.

Similar commissions are directed to the following to arrest all the ships in the places and ports below written in the form aforesaid:

69

Same as above

Commission to Reynold de Cobham , Ponynges Thomas de Poynings , Geoffrey de Say and Robert de Watford, clerk , reciting that they had been assigned to arrest all ships of thirty tons or more from the mouth of the Thames both in the port of London and other places on the Thames and in the Quinque Portuum Cinque Ports , and places as far as Portesland Portland , except those ships which were arrested for the first passage, equipping and manning the ships, and preparing them to carry horses.

By K. and C.

71

24 April 1337 . Wyndesore Windsor .

In the same manner Nicholas Pyk’ and Robert de Ledred , serjeants-at-arms of the king, are assigned to arrest all ships of every kind in the port of London and in each place along the Thames on both banks as far as la Rewe .

By K. and C.

72

Same as above

And afterwards, on 28 April 1337, Weryngton William Warrington was assigned in the place of Robert [de Ledred] .

For the bringing of all the ships at a certain day, well prepared.

73

24 March 1337 . Westminster .

Order to Cobeham Reynold de Cobham , Ponynges Thomas de Poynings , Geoffrey de Say and Robert de Watford, clerk , reciting in part their assignment to arrest ships of thirty tons or more on the Thames both in the port of London and other places on the Thames and in the Quinque Portus Cinque Ports , and places as far as Portesland Portland , for the king’s service, and to equip and man them, having them at Portesmuth’ Portsmouth , on 28 May, but because the king wishes to have more ships in the first voyage, he commands them to have them at Portsmouth by 16 April to go in the king’s service in the defence of the realm against the aggression of the enemy. They have also been granted the power to arrest all rebels and contrariants and commit them to prison. The sheriffs of those counties and places have been commanded to attend, advise and aid them when and as often as they require it, and to keep any rebels in prison in safe custody.

By K. They were patent.

74

A similar writ is directed to Bradeston’ Thomas de Braydeston , Simon Basset , John de Rasle and Feriby John de Ferriby , assigning them to arrest ships in each port and place from the Porteland’ port of Portland , as far as the Bristoll’ port of Bristol , and in Portland and Bristol , to bring them to Portsmouth .

75

10 April 1337 . Wyndesore Windsor . For overseeing the preparation of the ships .

Order to the sheriffs, mayors, bailiffs, ministers, owners, masters and mariners of ships, and other faithful subjects from the mouth of the Thames towards the north, to be intendant on, and advise and aid Ros John de Roos, one of the king’s admirals , in the overseeing of the preparation of ships. The king has assigned various individuals to arrest all ships over 30 tons in the ports and other places for the king’s service on the seas against the aggression of aliens, and that the same ships be equipped and crewed, and he has assigned Roos so that they be at Orwell on 7 June next, to go in the company of Roos or someone else assigned by the king in the king’ service.

By K. and C.

76

09 April 1337 . Wyndesore Windsor . For the grinding of corn .

Order to Dunstaple William de Dunstable , who the king assigned to provide various kinds of corn and victuals for the speeding of the expeditionary fleet of ships assembling at Orewell Orwell , for the defence of the realm against hostile enemies, to quickly grind forty tons of wheat, and keep them safe until he receives further orders. For the costs that he has been put to he will have due allowance in his account.

By K.

For being intendant on the assignees of the king.

77

18 March 1337 . Westminster .

Letter of intendancy to the sheriff of Yorkshire in favour of the carpenters, smiths and other workers for the making of hurdles, gangways and other necessaries whom Fraunk William Frank and Donyngton Reynold de Donnington, clerk , will make known to him for the shipping of horses in the ships over thirty tons which Frank and Donnington were assigned to arrest, equip and man in the waters of Hull , Humbre Humber and Ravensere Ravensor and in other places and ports as far as Lenne Lynn . The sheriff is to advise and aid them, and he will have due allowance in his account at the exchequer.

By K. and C.

In the same manner it is written to the following sheriffs: 1

1.
A substantial space is left in the text, with several entry marks, but no list of sheriffs follows.
78

11 April 1337 . Wyndesore Windsor . For Pey de Camparian .

Order to Oliver de Ingham, seneschal of Gascony that he diligently inform himself of the premises and articles concerning the matters contained in the supplication of Camparyan Pey de Camparian, citizen of the city of Bordeaux and do justice according to the fors and customs of those parts. Camparian requested an enquiry and justice be done him because la Trene Johan de Latresne of Bordeaux believed that Camparian had bought a certain tenement of his inheritance, and out of anger accused Camparian of sedition against the king and falsely and maliciously waged battle against Camparian.

79

10 April 1337 . Wyndesore Windsor . For being intendant to the admiral .

Letters of intendancy to the bailiffs and good men of the city of Norwich in favour of Robert de Ufford, now earl of Suffolk and John de Roos . They are to be intendant on, correspond with, advise and aid them in their selecting of men to man the ships in the ports of Magne Jernemuth’ Great Yarmouth , and of other ports from the mouth of the Thames to northern parts. Ufford and Roos have been constituted captains and admirals of the fleet of ships both in Great Yarmouth and of the other ports from the mouth of the Thames to northern parts which are going in the king’s service in the defence of the realm, and have been ordered to select the men and see that they are suitably armed.

By K.

For proclaiming.

80

27 April 1337 . Wyndesore Windsor .

Order to the mayor and sheriffs of London that they immediately view these presents, and where they consider it expedient in the city publicly proclaim that all the men who have been selected for the king’s service, well arrayed and armed, and the masters and mariners with the ships arrested for the same service are to be at Portesmuth’ Portsmouth , on 15 June to go in his service.

By K.

Similar writs are directed to each of the following sheriffs, [that they make proclamations] in coastal ports and in other places, where they consider it expedient:

For Arnaut de Durfort.

81

15 April 1337 . Wyndesore Windsor .

Grant to Duro Forti, de Arnaut [II] de Durfort, kt , his heirs and successors, that they should have, hold and take all the issues of the péage both by land and sea, taking the same by his own hand or by attorney or proctors by indenture made with the controller appointed by the constable, so that Durfort, his heirs and successors should have 500 m. from the toll, and answering to the king and his heirs for any surplus. The king for Durfort’s damages suffered in the wars in the duchy in King Edward [II]’s time, and for the service that he has done and will do, granted to Durfort, with the consent of the prelates, earls, barons and other magnates assembled in the parliament assembled at Westminster in the king’s fourth year, to provide him with 500 m.st. of land or rent per annum, and until that could be accomplished that he should receive the same sum from the issues of the toll on travellers at Sanctus Macharius Saint-Macaire . If that was insufficient then he was to receive the sum from the issues of the customs. Durfort complained to the king about the problems in collecting the sum, and the king granted the same from the issues of the tolls on travellers, and made the grant so that Durfort is not further troubled.

By K. and C.

82

15 April 1337 . Wyndesore Windsor .

It is ordered to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux or their lieutenants to deliver all the issues of tolls on travellers péage both by land and sea to Arnaut [II de Durfort] or his attorney or proctors, and he and his heirs and successors should be permitted to take it without obstruction, and should be maintained in their possession of it, any mandates or ordinances to the contrary notwithstanding. The king wishes the constable to be acquitted of this. Proviso for Durfort to answer for the surplus to the king.

By K. and C.

For the grant of the bladeria of Blaye

83

Grant to Monader Johan Monadey, burgess of Bordeaux , of the bladeria 1 of Blayes Blaye , in recompence for his damages that he sustained in the king’s service, holding the same in the same manner that Colomub’ Johan de Colom , lately deceased, held it, so long as he behaves himself well towards the king.

By p.s.

1.
Corn tax or corn market.
84

Same as above

And it is ordered to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux that they should cause Johan [Monadey] to have [the blader[i]a of Blaye ].

For the grant of the prévôté of Blaye

85

16 April 1337 . Wyndesore Windsor .

Grant for life to the Master Coutrone Pons de Coutron, king’s clerk , of the office of prévôt of Blaye with the bladaria only excepted. 1 Holding the same without rendering anything for it, all other commissions of the office made by the king during pleasure or by the seneschal of Gascony notwithstanding. Coutron is further granted that he can fulfil the office by a suitable attorney.

By p.s.

1.
The bladeria or bladaria was a corn tax or corn market.
86

Same as above

And it is ordered to the seneschal of Gascony and the constable of Bordeaux that they should cause Pons [de Coutron] to have possession of the office of Blavia prévôt of Blaye except the bladeria .

87

24 March 1337 . Westminster . For the purveying of victuals .

Order to the Stephen le Blount, king’s clerk , that he should diligently attend to the matters for which he was assigned and that he should answer for the victuals and other things that he was to provide to the king. Blount was assigned to buy and provide various victuals and other things for sustaining the king’s subjects going to the duchy of Aquitaine and their horses, namely 4,000 quarters of wheat, 6,000 quarters of oats, 1,000 quarters of malt, 100 tuns of cider, and cheese, bacon, salt meats and other victuals which he considered necessary for the voyage, and also hay for 2,000 horses for three weeks, and 40,000 horseshoes and nails in the following counties: 1,000 quarters of wheat, 300 quarters of oats and 200 quarters of malt in Kant’ Kent ; 300 quarters of wheat, 1,500 quarters of oats and 200 quarters of malt in Surr’ Surrey and Sussex ; 300 quarters of wheat, 1,000 quarters of oats and 100 quarters of malt in Hampshire ; 300 quarters of wheat, 300 quarters of oats and 300 quarters of malt in Berk’ Berkshire ; 300 quarters of wheat and 200 quarters of oats in Buk’ Buckinghamshire ; 600 quarters of wheat, 1,000 quarters of oats and 300 quarters of malt in Wiltes’ Wiltshire ; 1,000 quarters of wheat, 1,000 quarters of oats and 100 quarters of malt in Somers’ Somerset and Dors’ Dorset ; 200 quarters of oats in Midd’ Middlesex ; 200 quarters of wheat and 500 quarters of oats in Hertford’ Hertfordshire ; and also in those counties and in Glouc’ Gloucestershire and Oxon’ Oxfordshire , and in the city of London 100 tuns of cider, cheeses, bacon, salt meat and other victuals as well as the horseshoes and nails, and to arrange the carriage of the same. The king has granted that sheriffs, bailiffs, ministers and other faithful subjects should be intendant on, advise and aid Blount as often and when they are warned to do so. The sheriffs of the counties have been ordered to pay for the victuals bought by Blount and his deputies and for the carriage of the same from from that money from the issues of the bailiwick which is in their hands or comes into their hands if it will suffice, and if it does not suffice, then they are to make indentures for payment with those from whom the victuals are bought to be paid on 1 August next in the city of London.

By K. and C.

88

24 April 1337 . Wyndesore Windsor . For providing carriage .

Order to the admirals, masters of ships, mariners, sheriffs, bailiffs, ministers and other faithful subjects both within liberties and without to provide sufficient carriage to Reppes Hugh de Repps who has been charged to bring four anchors, three cables and other ropes provided by Melchebourn’ Thomas de Melchbourne for the king’s use for a ship called la Grauntecogg' from Lenne Episcopi Bishop’s Lynn , to London by land or by sea at the king’s cost.

By K.

89

Same as above For the delivery of anchors, cables and ropes .

Order to Melchebourn’ Thomas de Melchbourne of Lenne Lynn , who has been commanded to provide four anchors, three cables and ropes for the king’s use for a ship called la Grauntecogg , that he deliver the same to Reppes Hugh de Repps who has been charged to carry the same to the city of London , making indentures between them for the livery. The king grants that he will be paid for his reasonable costs concerning this.

By K.

90

20 March 1337 . Westminster . For the commending of the constant faithfulness of the burgesses of the town of Saint-Macaire .

Letters of the king to the jurats and burgesses of the town of Sanctus Macharius Saint-Macaire , commending their constant faithfulness to the king and his predecessors though this has been dangerous to their persons and goods, and desiring to do what can be done concerning the requests that Navi Johan de Nau, fellow burgess has solicitously shown on their behalf, the king having examined these by his experts in his council, will content them, and requests that they will continue in their constancy in the defence of the town and the king’s rights, and the king will further reward them.

For the provision of empty tuns if they are not provided.

91

7 April 1337 . Wyndesore Windsor .

Order to the sheriff of Sussex and Padyham Stephen de Padiham, bailiff of Wynchelse Winchelsea , and keeper of the manor of Ihamme Icklesham , to buy and provide without delay 140 empty tuns of wine, boards, hurdles, gangways, racks, ropes, canvas, stables, iron rings and other necessaries for the shipment of 600 horses in 60 ships by the advice of Ponynges Thomas de Poynings , Reynold de Cobham , Geoffrey de Say and Robert de Watford , if they have not been provided already. Poynings and the others had been ordered to arrest ships of 30 tons or more in the ports of London and those of the Thames , and in other ports including the Quinque Portus Cinque Ports as far as Porteland’ Portland , for the shipping of horses, and the sheriff had already been ordered to select carpenters, smiths and other workers to make the hurdles and other necessaries and pay them their stipends from the issues of his bailiwick. The sheriff and bailiff are to pay the stipends and costs from their bailiwicks, and if the issues are insufficient they are to pay what they can from the issues and the remainder is to be assigned to be paid on 1 August next at London according to indentures made between the sheriff and the bailiff, and the workers. The sheriff and bailiff are to have allowance for the costs that they have been put to.

By K.

92

Same as above

Order to the Sutht’ sheriff of Hampshire and Roger Norman as above for buying or providing of empty tuns of wine, boards, hurdles, gangways, racks, ropes, canvas, stables, iron rings and other necessaries for the shipment of horses in ships in the county for the king’s service if they have not already been provided, with the same provisions for payment.

By K.

93

Same as above

A similar writ is directed to the sheriff of Somers’ Somerset and Dors’ Dorset mutatis mutandis .

For the delaying of the bringing of the ships to Portsmouth at the assigned day, until another day.

94

10 April 1337 . Wyndesore Windsor .

Order to Fraunk William Frank and Donyngton Reynold de Donnington, clerk , that all the ships of 30 tons or more that they were assigned to arrest in the waters of Hull , Humbr’ Humber and Ravensere Ravensor and in other places and ports as far as the port of Lenn’ Lynn , along with those previously arrested by Ros William de Roos of Hamelak’ Helmsley , and Kyngeston’ James de Kingston in the same ports, and which were to be brought to Portesmuth Portsmouth , on 28 May, for certain reasons should not now be brought until 15 June, to go on the seas in the king’s service for the defence of the realm against alien aggression. They have also been granted the power to arrest all those who they will find refuse to obey the orders, and committing them to prison where they are to remain until further orders are received. The sheriffs of those counties and places have been commanded to be intendant on, advise and aid them when and as often as they require it, and to keep any rebels in prison in safe custody.

The following have similar commissions to arrest all ships in the ports and places below written, excepting where it says ‘by Ros William de Roos of Hamelak’ Helmsley and Kyngeston’ James de Kingston replacing this with the appropriate names.

95

10 April 1337 . Wyndesore Windsor .

Order to Reynold de Cobham , Poyninges Thomas de Poynings , Geoffrey de Say and Robert de Watford, clerk that all the ships of 30 tons or more that they were assigned to arrest in the port of London and other places in the river Thames and in each place and port from the mouth of the Thames along the coast as far as Porteland’ Portland , be brought to Portesmuth' Portsmouth , on 15 June, they having originally been assigned to lead the ships to Portsmouth by 28 May. They have also been granted the power to arrest all rebels and contrariants and commit them to prison. The sheriffs of those counties and places have been commanded to be intendant on, advise and aid them when and as often as they require it, and to keep any rebels in prison in safe custody.

It should be patent.

96

Same as above

Similar writs are to be directed to Bradeston Thomas de Braydeston , Simon Basset , John de Rasle’ and Feribi John de Ferriby, clerk , who have been assigned to arrest ships in the Porteland’ port of Portland and along the coast as far as Bristoll' Bristol , and to bring the ships to the port of Portesmuth’ Portsmouth , on 15 June.

97

12 April 1337 . Wyndesore Windsor . For the arrest of the ship called la Alice of Ipswich .

Order to Ros John de Roos, admiral of the northern fleet , that he arrest the great ship called la Alice of Gippewicus Ispwich , which belonged to Whatefeld’ John de Whatfield, deceased wherever the ship can be found, and have it sufficiently armed and brought to the la Pole Pool of London as soon as he is able where he is to reside until it is further ordained. If he comes upon rebels then he is to take and imprison them without delay and keep them safely. They are not to be delivered without the king’s special mandate.

By K.

98

6 April 1337 . Westminster . For the supervision of the ships and other things that are to be done, the presence [of the other assignees] not being expected .

Order to John de Scures, sheriff of Hampshire , that since Roger Norman and Bynedon Thomas de Binden , with whom Scures was assigned, have been ordered to attend to other business of the king, and their presence is not expected, Scures is diligently to attend to the doing and completing of all that remains to be done concerning the supervision of all ships at Portsmouth and along the coast to Portesland’ Portland to go on the sea in the king’s service against enemies and to provide for the carriage of horses with all their necessaries according to the king’s mandate directed to Scures, Norman and Binden so that the expedition of the king’s business is little hindered.

99

30 March 1337 . Westminster . For the selecting of foot soldiers in South Wales .

Order to Langeton’ John de Langton, knight , Broun William Brown, knight , John de Avene, kt , Howell Hywel ap Hywel, knight , Gruffudd Dun and Norreis John Norris to select, array and arm 400 foot soldiers in the king’s land of Irthenfeld’ Archenfield and in other lands of the king in Suth Wall’ South Wales , within the cantref of Baghum and within the Buelt lordship of Buellt belonging to Alice de Lacy, countess of Lincoln , king’s kinswoman , by view of the justiciar in those parts or his lieutenant and of the bailiffs of the cantref and lordship , of whom 200 are to come from Archenfield, and 200 from the other places, two parts being archers, and the remainder armed with spears, as they were assigned to do for the preservation of the realm, ceasing all excuses. Hywel was assigned to lead the selected men to Portsmouth by 21 June next to go in the king’s service at his wages with other faithful subjects of the king. The king gives all of them the power to make arrests in the king’s lands together with the king’s ministers there, and within the cantrefs and lordships together with the bailiffs of the same of all those who are rebels against the selection and array, and Hywel is to have similar powers, those that have been arrested, being committed to prison, where they are to reside until the king commands otherwise. The justiciar, his lieutenant and the bailiffs of the cantref and lordship have been ordered by various writs close to be intendant on, advise and aid them. The chamberlain has been ordered to pay Hywel’s and the soldiers’ wages and reasonable costs to Portsmouth from his issues.

By K.

100

Same as above For the selecting of foot soldiers in South Wales .

Letters of intendancy to the justiciar of Suth Wall’ South Wales or his lieutenant , there and all the king’s ministers in those parts in favour of Langeton John de Langton, kt , and the others assigned to select, arm and array foot soldiers in the king’s land of Irthenfeld’ Archenfield and in other lands of the king in South Wales, within the cantref of Baghum and within the Buelt lordship of Buellt belonging to the Alice de Lacy, countess of Lincoln , king’s kinswoman , and also to Hywel [ap Hywel] who has also been assigned to lead them as far as Portesmuth’ Portsmouth . They are to be intendant on, advise and aid them, as often and when they request it. They are also to receive contrariants and rebels from them and and keep them in custody as long as the king considers fit.

101

A similar writ is directed to Alice de Lacy, countess of Lincoln , Buelt lady of Buellt in Suth Wall South Wales or her lieutenant or bailiffs to be intendant on those assigned within that lordship as above mutatis mutandis.

102

Item to the bailiffs of the cantref of Baghum [to be intendant on them] within the cantref as above.

103

30 March 1337 . Westminster . For the selecting of a certain number of men in various lordships in South Wales .

Order to Langeton John de Langton, knight , Broun William Brown, knight , John de Avene, knight , Howell Hywel ap Hywel, knight , Gruffudd Dun and Norreis John Norris diligently to attend to the selecting, arraying and arming of foot soldiers, namely 100 in Henry [of Lancaster], Lanc’ earl of Lancaster’s Kedwell’ lands and lordship of Kidwelly , 100 men in John de Mowbray’s lordship of Gower , 2,000 in the lordships of Abergevenny Abergavenny , Grosemound’ Grosmont , Whitecastel White Castle and Monemewe Monmouth of Daudele Hugh Audley, Glouc’ earl of Gloucester , Eleanor widow of Hugh le Despenser , the Amory lady of Amotherby , and the earl of Lancaster , 100 men from Burghersh Bartholomew de Burgerssh , Geoffrey le Mortimer and William le Blount’s lands and lordships of Ewyas Ewias and Glynbegh’ , 300 men from Bohun Humphrey, earl of Hereford’s lordships of Breghkeynok’ Brecknock , Hay and Huntyngdon’ Huntington , and 100 from Bello Campo Thomas de Beauchamp, Warr’ earl of Warwick’s lordship of Elvet Elfed by view and aid of the bailiffs of those lands and lordships, of whom two parts being archers, and the remainder armed with spears, as they were assigned to do for the preservation of the realm. They are to be brought to Portesmuth’ Portsmouth , for 14 June to go in the king’s service at his wages. They are to have power to arrest and commit to prison opponents and rebels. The lords of the lands and lordships, their lieutenants and bailiffs have been ordered by various writs close to attend to, advise and aid them. The chamberlain has been ordered to pay the soldiers’ wages and reasonable costs to Portsmouth from his issues.

104

Same as above For attending on those selecting soldiers .

Letters of intendancy to Henry [of Lancaster], Lanc’ earl of Lancaster or his lieutenant in the lands of Abergeveny Abergavenny , Grossemund’ Grosmont , Whitecastel White Castle and Monewmuwe Monmouth in South Wales , or his bailiffs there, in favour of Langeton John de Langton, kt , and the others assigned to select, arm and array foot soldiers in Daudele Hugh Audley, Glouc’ earl of Gloucester , Eleanor, widow of Hugh le Despenser , and the Amory lady of Amotherby , lordships of Abergeveneny Abergavenny , Grosemound’ Grosmont , White Castle and Monemewe Monmouth . They are to be intendant on, advise and aid them, as often and when they request it. They are also to receive contrariants and rebels from them and and keep them in custody as long as the king considers fit.

104.1

Same as above

Similar writs are directed to all the lords abovesaid separately mutatis mutandis .

105

30 March 1337 . Westminster . For the selecting of a certain number of men in various lordships in North Wales .

Order to Fitz Waryn Fulk le FitzWarin , Cherleton’ John de Charlton, the younger , Harleye Robert de Harley, knight , and Seys Ken’ Says of Engelfeld’ Englefield diligently to attend to the selecting, arraying and arming of foot soldiers in North Wall’ North Wales , namely 200 in Edward [of Woodstock], duke of Cornwall and earl of Chester’s lands of Englefeld Englefield , Hope , Maillor Sayseneg Maelor Saesneg and Mohald’ Mold , 100 in Warenna John de Warenne, Surr’ earl of Surrey’s lands of Bromfeld’ Bromfield and Yale , 40 in Richard [Fitz Alan], Arundell earl of Arundel’s Cloune lands of Chirk and Clun , 300 in Cherleton John de Charlton, the elder ’s land of Powys , and also 100 in the lordship of Radenore Radnor , Kery Ceri and Werth Eignun Wyrion Ednowain , sixty men in Dynebegh’ Denbigh and 100 in Dreffencloyd Dyffryn Clwyd by view and aid of the bailiffs of those lands and lordships, of whom two parts being archers, and the remainder armed with spears, as they were assigned to do for the preservation of the realm. In addition, Says was assigned to lead the men selected from the land of the duke, and Fitz Warin, Charlton and Harley to lead the remainder as far as Portesmuth' Portsmouth , for 14 June to go in the king’s service at his wages. They are to have power to arrest and commit to prison opponents and rebels. The lords of the lands and lordships, their lieutenants and bailiffs have been ordered by various writs close to be intendant on, advise and aid them. The chamberlain of North Wall’ North Wales has been ordered to pay the soldiers’ wages and reasonable costs to Portsmouth from his issues.

By K.

106

Same as above For being intendant on those selecting soldiers .

Letters of intendancy to Edward [of Woodstock], Cornub’ duke of Cornwall and Cestr’ earl of Chester , in favour of Fitz Waryn Fulk le FitzWarin , Cherleton John de Charlton, the younger , Harlay Robert de Harley, knight , and Seys Ken’ Says of Engelfeld’ Englefield assigned to select, arm and array foot soldiers in the duke’s lands of Englefeld Englefield , Hope , Maillor Sayseneg Maelor Saesneg and Mohald’ Mold . They are to be intendant on, advise and aid them, as often and when they request it. He is also to receive contrariants and rebels from them and keep them in custody as long as the king considers fit.

By K.

107

Same as above

A similar writ is directed to Warenna John de Warenne, Surr’ earl of Surrey to be intendant to Fulk [le FitzWarin] , John [de Charlton], the younger , Robert de Harley etc. who were assigned to select 100 men from the earl’s lordship of Bromfeld et Yal Bromfield and Yale except where Says Ken’ has been assigned to lead them as above mutatis mutandis .

Similar writs are directed separately to the following:

108

1 June 1337 . Staunford' Stamford . Entreaty to the selecters to array other men from the most fit .

Order to Laybourn’ John de Leybourne , Roger Corbet , Shaldeford’ William de Shalford , Maddok’ Gruffudd ap Madog of Glendworthy and Madog Clotyheth’ that if the 400 men that they were assigned to select in the king’s lands in North Wall’ North Wales , two parts being archers and the remainder armed with spears, are not sufficient for the king’s service, then they are to select others from the valiant and strong of those parts, and Hambury Robert de Hanbury , Elys Gruffudd ap Dafydd ap Elis , Howel Ieuan ap Gruffudd ap Hywel , Griffith William ap Gruffudd and Vaghan Dafydd ap Hywel Bychan are to lead them to Wynton’ Winchester , by 8 July. Leyburn and the others were assigned to select the men, and Hanbury and the others to lead them to Winchester by 15 June but the king has understood that they are remiss and lacking in ardour, and have selected insufficient men. By K.

By K.

109

Same as above For attending on the same .

Letters of intendancy to the justiciar of North Wall’ North Wales in favour of Leybourn’ John de Leybourne , Roger Corbet , Shaldeford’ William de Shalford , Maddok' Gruffudd ap Madog of Glendworthy and Madoc Clotieth’ who have been assigned to select 400 men in North Wales, the men being so arrayed were to be led by Robert [de Hanbury] , Gruffudd ap Dafydd [ap Elis] , Ieuan [ap Gruffudd ap Hywel] , Griffith William ap Gruffudd and David Dafydd[ap Hywel Bychan] . He is to be intendant on, advise and aid them because the king has understood that Leyburn and the others are remiss and lacking in ardour, and have selected insufficient men, and they have now been ordered to select others if this is so, and have the men, suitably armed and equipped at Portsmouth by 8 July.

By K.

110

1 June 1337 . Staunford' Stamford . For the leading of the men to a certain place .

Order to Hambury Robert de Hanbury , Elys Gruffudd ap Dafydd ap Elis , Howel Ieuan ap Gruffudd ap Hywel , William ap Gruffudd and Vaghan Dafydd ap Hywel Bychan that they diligently attend to leading the men arrayed by John de Leybourne and others and by various lords to Wynton’ Winchester by 8 July next to go in the king’s service at his wages. The king had assigned John de Leybourne , Roger Corbet , Shaldeford’ William de Shalford , Madok’ Gruffudd ap Madog of Glenworthy and Madog Clodieth’ to select 400 Welsh men in North Wall’ North Wales , and had ordered Warenna John de Warenne, earl of Surrey , Bromfeld lord of Bromfield and Yale to select 100 men, William de Bohun, earl of Norht’ Northampton , lord of Menelhith’ Mendelgyf to select 40 men, Richard [Fitz Alan], Arundell earl of Arundel , lord of Osewaldestr’, Clone Oswestry, Chirk and Clun to select 100 men, Monte Acuto, de William de Montague, Sar’ earl of Salisbury , Dynbegh’ lord of Denbigh to select 60 men, the bishop of Hereford, lord of Busshopescastel Bishop’s Castle to select 20 men, the countess of March , lordship of Kedewyng’ to select 70 men, Roger de Grey, lord of Ruthin Rhuthun to select 60 men, Cherleton John de Charlton, lord of Powys to select 100 men and Tyrel Hugh Tyrell, keeper of Radenore Radnor , Kery Ceri Werthreymon and Wyrion Ednowain to select 100 men. Hanbury and the other had been assigned to lead them to Winchester by 15 June to go in the king’s service, but the king has understood that Leyburn and the others have selected insufficient men and has ordered them that if they are insufficient then they should select others from the valiant and strong. The chamberlain of North Wales has been ordered to pay Hanbury and the others, and the men their wages as far as Winchester from his issues.

By K.

Entreaty to array men in certain places in North Wales.

111

Same as above

Order to Richard [Fitz Alan], Arundell earl of Arundel , lord of Oswaldestr’, Clone Oswestry, Chirk and Clun that if the 100 men that he was assigned to select in his lordships, two parts being archers and the remainder armed with spears, are not sufficient for the king’s service, then he is to select others from the valiant and strong of those parts, and Hambury Robert de Hanbury , Elys Gruffudd ap Dafydd ap Elis , Howel Ieuan ap Gruffuudd ap Hywel , Griffith William ap Gruffudd and Vaghan Dafydd ap Hywel Bychan are to lead them to Wynton’ Winchester by 8 July. John de Leybourne , Roger Corbet , Shaldeford’ William de Shalford , Griffin, Madok Gruffudd ap Madog de Glendworthy and Madoc Madog Clotieth’ were assigned to select 400 men in North Wall’ North Wales , and Hanbury and the others to lead them to Winchester by 15 June but the king has understood that they are remiss and lacking in ardour, and have selected insufficient men.

By K.

112

30 May 1337 . Staunford' Stamford .

Order to Warenna John de Warenne, Surr’ earl of Surrey , lord of Bromfeld’, Yal Bromfield and Yale or his lieutenant or bailiffs in the same place to select the 100 men in his lordships if they have not already been selected of whom two parts should be archers and the residue armed with spears so that they are suitably armed and arrayed and led to Portesmuth’ Portsmouth , by 8 July next to go in the king’s service at his wages. The king had assigned Fitz Waryn Fulk le FitzWarin , Cherleton John de Charlton, the younger , Robert de Harley, knight , and Seys Ken Says of Engelfeld’ Englefield to select the men in Warenne’s lands and lordships of Bromfield and Yale , and lead them to Portsmouth by 14 June next, but the king has understood that Warenne has prevented the selecting because the order was not directed to him. The chamberlain of North Wall’ North Wales has been ordered to pay the soldiers’ and leaders’ reasonable wages from his issues.

By K.

In the same way it is ordered to each of the lords following, concerning the men following, to be selected within their lordships mutatis mutandis , and sending them to Portesmuth’ Portsmouth , on 8 July, two parts of the men being archers and the residue armed with spears:

112.2

Cherleton John de Charlton, the elder , lord of Powys or his lieutenant or bailiffs there, 300 men;

112.5

Roger de Grey, lord of Deffrencloyd’ Dyffryn Clwyd or his lieutenant or bailiffs there, 100 men.

113

Same as above

Order to Edward [of Woodstock], Cornub’ duke of Cornwall and Cestr’ earl of Chester and lord of Engelfeld Englefield , Hop’ Hope , Maillor Sayseneg Maelor Saesneg and Mohald’ Mold or his lieutenant or bailiffs that the 200 men that were to be selected in Englefield, Hope , Maelor Saesneg and Mold should be selected as above (107), and being well armed and arrayed be led to Portesmuth’ Portsmouth , for the king’s service, Ken’ Says having been assigned to lead them. The chamberlain of North Wall’ North Wales has been commanded to pay the reasonable wages from the issues of his treasury.

By K.

For the payment of wages.

114

30 March 1337 . Westminster .

Order to the chamberlain of Suth Wall’ South Wales to pay the reasonable wages of the men whom Langeton John de Langton, kt , Broun William Brown, kt , John de Avene, knight , Howell Hywel ap Hywel, kt , Gruffudd Dun and Norreys John Norris were assigned to select in Suth Wall’ South Wales and from the lands and lordships of various lords, and the wages of Langton and the others in the time leading them to Portesmuth’ Portsmouth , by 14 June. Langton and the others had been assigned to select 400 men from the king’s lands of Irthenfeld’ Archenfield , from the cantref of Baghum and from Alice de Lacy, countess of Lincoln’s lordship of Buelt Buellt , 100 men from Henry [of Lancaster], Lanc’ earl of Lancaster’s lands of Kedewelly Kidwelly , 100 men from Moubray John de Mowbray’s [lands of] Gower , 2,000 men from the earl of Lancaster, Daudele Hugh Audley, earl of Gloucester , Eleanor, widow of Hugh le Despenser , and the Amory lady of Amotherby [lands of] Abergevenny Abergavenny , Grosemound’ Grosmont , Whitecastel White Castle and Monemewe Monmouth , 100 men from Burghersh Bartholomew de Burgherssh , Mortymer Geoffrey le Mortimer and William le Blount’s [lands of] Ewyas Ewias and Glynbegh’ , 300 men from Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford’s [lands of] Breghkeynok’ Brecknock , Haye Hay and Huntyngdon’ Huntington , and 100 men from Bello Campo, de Thomas de Beauchamp, Warr’ earl of Warwick of Elvet Elfed , two parts of whom were to be archers, and the remainder armed with spears. The chamberlain is to have due allowance in his accounts.

By K.

For providing victuals.

116

11 April 1337 . Wyndesore Windsor .

Assignment of Coggeshale John de Coggeshall, sheriff of Essex and Teye Robert de Tey to buy and provide 500 quarters of corn and 240 quarters of malt in Essex for the sustenance of the king’s faithful subjects and their horses going to the duchy of Aquitaine if they are able to establish by the certification of Ros John de Roos and Dunstaple William de Dunstable , who were lately ordered to provide various victuals in the same county, what wheat and malt was not provided, or was in part provided wherein the residue should be collected up to the quantity ordered; and also 440 sides of bacon, 40 tuns of cider, eight lasts of herring, and 1,000 stones of cheese, each containing thirteen pounds in weight. The same are to be provided from the issues of the county, and carried to Gippewicus Ipswich , by 11 May next, delivering them by indenture to William de Dunstable, who has been constituted the king’s receiver of victuals , or to his deputy . If the issues of the sheriff’s bailiwick are insufficient for providing them then a certain day should be assigned to those men from whom the victuals were taken on which they can be satisfied from the issues just as they consider expedient. The king has been given to understand that those assigned to collect the victuals have overburdened the ordinary people, sparing the rich, and tells Coggeshall and Tey that it was his intention that the victuals should be taken from lords of vills and other rich lay people according to their resources and at Coggeshall and Tey’s discretion. The king has commanded that all and singular, both the king’s bailiffs and others should obey and attend on Coggeshall and Tey in this matter.

By K.

In the same way the following are assigned to provide the specified victuals in their counties, and take them to the place, and deliver them to William [de Dunstable] :

116.1

The Suff’ sheriff of Suffolk and Thomas de Grove are to provide 400 quarters of corn, 400 quarters of barley, 20 tuns of cider, 300 sides of bacon, 500 stones of cheese, ten lasts of herring and 100 quarters of beans and peas in Suff’ Suffolk . They are to be brought to Gippewicus Ipswich .

116.2

The Cantebr’ sheriff of Cambridge and Thomas de Lacy to provide 1,000 quarters of corn, 1,500 quarters of malt, 200 quarters of beans and peas, 1,200 sides of bacon, one last of herring, 1,000 stockfish and 700 stones of cheese in Cant’ Cambridgeshire . They are to be brought to the town of Lenne Lynn .

116.3

The Hunt’ sheriff of Huntingdon and Lymbergh’ William de Limber, parson of the church of Hynton to provide 600 quarters of corn, 1,000 of malt, 200 quarters of beans and peas, 1,400 sides of bacon, and 700 stones of cheese in Huntingdonshire . They are to be brought to the town of Lenn’ Lynn .

116.4

The Norht’ sheriff of Northampton and Staunford Nicholas de Stamford to provide one 1,000 quarters of corn, 1,500 quarters of malt, 600 quarters of beans and peas, and 3,000 hams in Northamptonshire . They are to be brought to the town of Lenn’ Lynn .

116.5

The Licoln’ sheriff of Lincolnshire and Herbert de Gresseby to provide 1,000 quarters of corn, 1,700 quarters of malt, 800 quarters of beans and peas, 4,000 sides of bacon, six lasts of herring, 20,000 stockfish and 3,000 stones of cheese in Lincolnshire . They are to be brought to the town of Sanctus Botho’ Boston . 1

116.6

The sheriff of Nottingham and Richard de Sutton of Welhou Wellow to provide 600 quarters of corn, nine quarters of malt, 300 quarters of beans and peas, 2,000 sides of bacon and 100 stones of cheese in Nottinghamshire . They are to be brought to the town of Kyngeston super Hull’ Kingston upon Hull .

1.
For the account for the victuals see TNA E358/2.
117

Assignment of the Norff’ sheriff of Norfolk and Thomas de Grove to provide and buy from the issues of the county 300 quarters of corn, 1,000 quarters of malt and 200 quarters of beans and peas in Norfolk , as above, where they are able to establish that it has not been provided, and where in part to provide the residue of the corn, malt, beans and peas, and also 600 sides of bacon, 20 lasts of herring and 100 stones of cheese, each containing thirteen pounds in weight, and also 12,000 stockfish at the town of Lenn’ Lynn . They are to be brought to Magna Jernemuta Great Yarmouth by 11 May. As above mutatis mutandis as far as the end.

By K.

118

18 April 1337 . Westminster . For the certification of the provision .

Order to Ros John de Roos and Dunstaple William de Dunstable to provide certification of the victuals that they collected or did not collect in the north as a result of their assignment to those who the king has now assigned to collect the victuals to provide sustenance for the king’s subjects going to the duchy. The king has assigned the sheriff of Essex and Teye Robert de Tey in Essex, the sheriff of Norff’ Norfolk and Suff’ Suffolk and Thomas de Grove in Norfolk and Suffolk, the Cantebr’ sheriff of Cambridge and Thomas de Lacy in Cantebr’ Cambridgeshire , the Norht’ sheriff of Northampton and Nicholas de Stanford in Norht’ Northamptonshire , the Hunt’ sheriff of Huntingdon and Lymbergh’ William de Limber, parson of the church of Hynton in Hunt’ Huntingdonshire , the sheriff of Lincoln and Hubert de Gresseby in Lincoln Lincolnshire , the Not’ sheriff of Nottingham and Richard de Sutton of Welhou Wellow in Nottinghamshire , to provide certain quantities of corn, malt, and beans and peas.

By K.

119

20 April 1337 . Westminster . For receiving victuals .

Order to the king’s clerk Dunstaple William de Dunstable , receiver of victuals in the north for the sustenance of the king’s subjects going to the duchy, that he should receive by indenture made between him and those that the king has now assigned in the various counties to quickly provide the victuals, the specified quantities of corn, malt, beans and peas and other victuals that they were assigned to collect.

By K.

120

1 June 1337 . Staunford' Stamford . Entreaty to the selecters of men etc. .

Order to Fitz Waryn Fulk le FitzWarin , Cherleton John de Charlton, the younger , Harleye Robert de Harley, kt , and Seys Ken’ Says of Engelfeld’ Englefield that if the men that they were assigned to select namely 200 men from Edward [of Woodstock], Cornub’ duke of Cornwall and Cestr’ earl of Chester's Engelfeld’ [lands of] Englefield , Hope , Maillor Sayseneg Maelor Saesneg and Mohald’ Mold , 100 men from Warenna John de Warenne , Surr’ earl of Surrey's lordships of Bromfeld’, Yal’ Bromfield and Yale , 40 men from Richard [Fitz Alan], Arundell earl of Arundel's Cloun [lands of] Chirk and Clun , 300 men from Cherleton John de Charlton, the elder ’s [land of] Powys , 100 from the lordships of Radenore Radnor , Kery Ceri and Werth’ Eign’ Wyrion Ednowain , 60 men from Dynebegh’ Denbigh , and 100 hundred from Deffrencloyd’ Dyffryn Clwyd , are not sufficient for the king’s service, then they are to select others from the valiant and strong of those parts, and they are to be well armed and arrayed and at Portesmuth’ Portsmouth by 8 July. Fitz Warin and the others were assigned to select the men, and Says to lead them to Portsmouth by 14 June but the king has understood that they are remiss and lacking in ardour, and have selected insufficient men.

By K.

121

Same as above To be intendant to the same .

Order to Richard [Fitz Alan], Arundell earl of Arundel , Clonne lord of Chirk and Clun or his lieutenants or bailiffs there to be intendant on, advise and aid when and as often as Fitz Waryn Fulk le FitzWarin , Cherleton John de Charlton, the younger , Harleye Robert de Harley, kt , and Seys Ken’ Says of Engelfeld’ Englefield desire it. Fitz Warin and the others have been assigned to select 40 men in his lordships, of whom two parts are to be archers, and the residue armed with spears, and being suitably armed and equipped, Fitz Warin, Charlton and Harley were to lead them to Portesmuth’ Portsmouth by 14 June, because the king has understood that Fitz Warin and the others are remiss and lacking in ardour, and have selected insufficient men, and they have now been ordered to select others if this is so and have the men, suitable armed and equipped at Portsmouth by 8 July. Arundel is to keep any contrariants or rebels delivered to him by them in prison.

By K.

In the same way it is ordered to the following that they should be intendant on the assignees, in the above form:

121.4

Afterwards, on 20 June, because Ken. [Says] was attending to the business of the king elsewhere by the king’s mandate, Gruffudd Grank was assigned to lead the men to [Portsmouth] in the form above.

122

1 June 1337 . Staunford' Stamford . Entreaty for the selecting and leading of the men .

Order to Langeton John de Langton, kt , Broun William Brown, kt , John de Avene, kt , Howell, Howell Hywel ap Hywel, kt , Griffith Gruffudd Dun and Norreis John Norris that if the men that they were assigned to select namely 100 men from Henry [of Lancaster], Lancastr’ earl of Lancaster’s lands of Kedwell’ Kidwelly , 100 from Moubray John de Mowbray’s lands of Gower , 2,000 from Daudele Hugh Audley, Glouc earl of Gloucester , Eleanor widow of Hugh le Despenser , and the Amory lady of Amotherby as well as the earl of Lancaster’s lands of Abergeveneny Abergavenny , Grosemound’ Grosmont , Whitecastel White Castle and Monemewe Monmouth , 100 men from Burghersh Bartholomew de Burgherssh , Geoffrey le Mortimer and William le Blount’s lands and lordships of Ewyas Ewias and Glynbegh’ , 300 men from Humphrey [de Bohun], earl of Hereford’s lands of Breghkeynok’ Brecknock , Haye Hay and Huntyngdon’ Huntington , and 100 hundred men from Bello Campo Thomas de Beauchamp, Warr’ earl of Warwick’s land of Elvet Elfed of whom two parts are to be archers and the remainder armed with spears, are not sufficient for the king’s service, then they are to select others from the valiant and strong of those parts, and they are to be well armed and arrayed and at Portesmuth’ Portsmouth by 8 July. Langton and the others were assigned to select the men, and lead them to Portsmouth by 14 June but the king has understood that they are remiss and lacking in ardour, and have selected insufficient men.

By K.

For being intendant on the same.

123

Same as above

Letter of intendancy to Moubray John de Mowbray or his lieutenants or Bailiffs, in favour of Langeton John de Langton, kt , Broun William Brown, kt , John de Avene, kt , Howell Hywel ap Hywel, kt , Gruffudd Dun and Norreis John Norris , who have been assigned to select 100 men in his lands by view and aid of his lieutenants or bailiffs, of whom two parts are to be archers, and the residue armed with spears, and being suitably armed and equipped, and lead them to Portesmuth’ Portsmouth by 14 June. Mowbray is to be intendant on, advise and aid Langton and the others when requested to do so, because the king has understood that FitzWarin and the others are remiss and lacking in ardour, and have selected insufficient men, and they have now been ordered to select others if this is so and have the men, suitable armed and equipped at Portsmouth by 8 July. Arundel is to keep any contrariants or rebels delivered to him by them in prison as long as the king considers fit.

By K.

In the same way it is ordered to the following lords

123.2

Daudele Hugh Audley, Glouc earl of Gloucester or his lieutenant in the same lands as above.

123.3

Eleanor, widow of Hugh le Despenser or her lieutenant in the same lands as above.

123.4

The Amory lady of Amotherby or her lieutenant in the same lands as above.

123.5

William le Blount or his lieutenant in the lands of Ewias and Glinbogh’ in Suth Wall’ South Wales as above.

123.6

Mortymer Geoffrey le Mortimer or his lieutenant in the same lands as above.

123.7

Burgherssh Bartholomew Burgerssh or his lieutenant in the same lands as above.

123.8

Henry [of Lancaster], earl of Lancaster or his lieutenant in the lands of Kedewelly Kidwelly in South Wales or his bailiffs in those lands or any part of the same.

For an association to the provision of victuals.

124

26 April 1337 . Wyndesore Windsor .

Association of Robert Burstlere to the Cauntebrr’ sheriff of Cambridge and Thomas de Lacy who were assigned to buy and provide one thousand quarters of corn, one thousand and fifty quarters of malt and 200 quarters of beans and peas in Cantebr’ Cambridgeshire , and which Ros John de Roos and Dunstaple William de Dunstable who were previously ordered to provide victuals were to certify. They will ascertain what corn, malt and beans and peas were not yet provided, and if part was provided, to what is left of the wheat, malt, beans and peas up to the quantity of each item, and also 1,200 sides of ham, one last of herring and 1,000 stockfish, and 500 and 200 stones of cheese each containing the weight of thirteen pounds. The same are to be provided in the county where it is to the greatest profit of the king and the least damage of the people of those parts from the issues of the county, and carried to Lenn’ Lynn by 11 May next, and delivered by indenture to William de Dunstable, who has been constituted the king’s receiver of victuals, or to his deputy. If the issues of the county are insufficient then those sellers should be given a day when they will be satisfied. Burstlere has been associated because the sheriff has been attending to the business of his office and other orders of the king and doesn’t have the time to act, and Burstlere, the sheriff and Lacy are commanded to attend to the completion of their assignment. The sheriff and Lacy are commanded to admit Burstlere as their colleague.

By K.

125

Same as above

Afterwards, on 30 May next John de Briggeham was associated to the sheriff [of Cambridge] , Thomas [de Lacy] and Robert [Burstlere] to execute the assignment so that the victuals are at the town of Lenn’ Lynn as soon as they are able.

By K.

For protection.

126

3 June 1337 . Staunford' Stamford .

Letters of protection with clause volumus to John son of Ros William de Roos of Hamelak’ Helmsley who is going in the company of Ros John de Roos in the king’s service to Vascon’ Gascony , enduring until 29 September next.

By K., on testimony of John de Roos.

The following have similar letters of protection, who are going with John de Roos :

For the preparation of ships for war.

127

3 June 1337 . Staunford' Stamford .

Order to the mayor and good men of the town of Kyngeston super Hull Kingston upon Hull that the ships that they were ordered to prepare, double man and arm and victual, if they are not sufficiently prepared and armed for war should be sufficiently prepared and armed without delay having victuals for two months for the men in the ships and going as far as Magna Jernemuth’ Great Yarmouth , so that they be at the place called la Rode de Seint Nicholas by 22 June next without excuse to go in the king’s service together with various other ships of the realm in the company of the admiral of the northern fleet or elsewhere if so assigned. The king is given to understand that there is a threat from the Scottish enemy with certain galleys and other ships. The king wishes that all ships of thirty to forty tons remaining in the port be prepared for war and sent to the port of Portesmuth’ Portsmouth according to the assignment and orders upon the same. By K.

In the same way it is ordered to the bailiffs and good men of the following towns:

127.1

the bailiffs and good men of the town of Ravenesere Ravensor to have their ships there by 22 June.

128

1 June 1337 . Staunford' Stamford . For the men of Norwich arrayed for war to be at Yarmouth .

Order to the Norwicus bailiffs and good men of the city of Norwich , that ceasing whatever excuses they select 80 men from the 140 men whom they were previously ordered to select from the city and ensure that they are competently, well and sufficiently armed with haketons and plates or hauberks, well burnished bascinets and spears and other arms for the passage of the fleet, and to lead the men to the vill of Magna Jernemuth’ Great Yarmouth at the cost of the city as far as Great Yarmouth and for four days afterwards. The men are to be at Great Yarmouth by 22 June and delivered to the admiral of the northern fleet , to set out with the admiral and other faithful subjects in the king’s service. The sending of the 60 men of the residue of the 140 archers or other men of the city to Portesmuth’ Portsmouth are superseded until otherwise ordered.

By K.

129

1 June 1337 . Staunford' Stamford . For going to sea with ships .

Order to Ros John de Roos, admiral of the northern fleet of ships to set out with certain ships of the fleet well prepared for war, just as the council held at Staunford' Stamford commanded him on the king’s behalf as the king is given to understand that many Scots adhering to the king’s enemy have gone on the seas with certain galleys and other ships and in many places have committed criminal damage to the king’s subjects and continue to do this, and have plotted against the king’s envoys sent overseas on the king’s business, and have made every effort to attack and harry them, so that the king wishes to obviate this threat.

By K.

130

30 May 1337 . Staunford' Stamford . For the appointment of captains of the ships sent to search for the galleys .

Appointment of Geoffrey de Say and Grandissono, de Otto de Grandison as captains of the fleet of ships to go with the ships of the Quinque Portus Cinque Ports and other ports to search for the hostile ships and galleys and to take them, pursue them and vigorously subdue them, and also destroy all manner and ways that they are aided, as they see fit. The king wishes that friendly merchants on the seas should not be damaged or molested in any way. All and singular masters, mariners and others in the ships of the fleet are to be intendant on and aid Say and Grandison just as they make known. Say and Grandison are given full powers of arresting and taking all those who they will find refuse to obey the orders, and committing them to prison where they are to remain until further orders are received.

By K.

131

30 May 1337 . Staunford' Stamford . For the same .

Order to William de Clynton, Huntyngdon’ earl of Huntingdon , Dovorr’ constable of the castle of Dover and keeper of the Quinque Portus Cinque Ports or his lieutenant, authorising him to act in the place of Geoffrey de Say or Otto de Grandison in relation to the fleet, if either Say or Grandison is legitimately prevented from commanding the fleet by other royal service. 1

By K.

1.
For the order to Geoffrey de Say and Otho de Grandison, see entry 132 .
132

2 June 1337 . Staunford' Stamford . For the preparation of ships for war if they have not been armed .

Order to Fraunk William Frank and Donyngton Reynold de Donnington that because the sending of ships that were to be prepared by the mayor, bailiffs and good men of the towns of Kyngeston super Hull’ Kingston upon Hull , Raveneserode Ravensor and Sanctus Botulphus Boston has been delayed, all the ships of 40 tons or more which were to be arrested by them for the king’s service, if they are not yet sufficiently prepared and armed, be prepared for war, double manned and armed and victualled according to the assignment to them without delay, and they should diligently attend to the sending of them to the places specified by the days specified. The ships are to be armed with 100 men-at-arms and 100 archers selected by them from the county and city of Lincoln , they being provided with victuals for two months by Frank and Donnington. The king further orders Frank and Donnington to send the residue of the ships of 30 to 40 tons of those ports and towns, prepared for war, to the port of Portesmuth’ Portsmouth just as was contained in mandates to them and others for the arrest of the ships. The king, for the defence of the realm against invasion by his enemies ordered the mayor, bailiffs and good men of the towns of Kingston upon Hull, Ravenser and Boston to prepare and double man, and arm and victual all the ships of 40 tons or more of their ports and towns, being victualled with sufficient for two months for the men on the ships. The ships of Kingston and Ravenser were to be at a place called la Rode de Seint Nicholas by 22 June, and the ships of Boston in the same place by 16 June next without excuse to go in the king’s service together with various other ships of the realm in the company of the admiral of the northern fleet .

By K.

133

11 May 1337 . Ebor' York . For the speedy advancement of the archers .

Assignment of William Tracy and Cirencestr’ Walter de Cirencester in the place of Wilynton Ralph de Willington and Peter Corbet to select 200 archers in Glouc’ Gloucestershire , the towns of Glouc’ Gloucester , Bristoll Bristol , Cirencestr’ Cirencester and Teukesbury Tewkesbury excepted, if the archers have not yet been selected, and suitably arm and array them and lead them to Portesmuth’ Portsmouth by 15 June to go in the king’s service with Tracy and Cirencester and other faithful subjects of the king at the king’s wages. This they are enjoined to do without delay. Willington and Corbet had been assigned to select, array and lead the men, but have since been detained on other business of the king. The sheriff of Gloucester has been ordered to be intendant on, advise and aid them. They have also been granted power to arrest all contrariants and rebels and commit them to prison.

By K.

134

Same as above For an assignment in the place of previous assignees for the selecting of archers in Oxfordshire .

Memorandum that on 11 May John de Whitefeld and William de Legh were assigned in the place of Broghton John de Broughton and William Louche to select 80 archers in the county of Oxon’ Oxfordshire as above, excepting the towns of Bannebury Banbury and Oxon’ Oxford if they have not already been selected, as above mutatis mutandis .

By K.

Entreaty to select more sufficient [men].

135

1 June 1337 . Staunford' Stamford .

Order to the mayor and bailiffs of Bristoll' Bristol that if the 80 men of the town whom they were assigned to select, have not been selected, they are to select them without delay, and being well armed they are to be sent to Portesmuth’ Portsmouth by 8 July next to go in the king’s service and at his wages together with other faithful subjects. The mayor and bailiffs were assigned to select the men, and to ensure that they were suitably armed with haketons, well burnished bascinets and spears, and that they should be sent to Portsmouth by 15 June, but the king has been given to understand that they are remiss and lacking in ardour, and have selected insufficient men.

By K.

In the same way it is ordered to the following:

135.1

the bailiffs of Hereford for 40 men; of the town of Staunford’ Stamford for 20 men; of the town of Salop’ Shrewsbury for 40 men; of the town of Lodelowe Ludlow for 20 men; the mayor and bailiffs of the town of Lincs Lincoln for 60 men; the bailiffs of the town of Norht’ Northampton for 40 men; of the town of Ware for six men; of the town of Sudbiry Sudbury for six men; of the town of Chelmesford’ Chelmsford for six men; of the town of Bedeford’ Bedford for ten men; of the town of Wynton’ Winchester for 40 men; of the town of Exon’ Exeter for 40 men; of the town of Gildeford’ Guildford for six men; of the town of Kyngeston Kingston for four men; of the town of Croyndon Croydon for four men; of the town of Derbs Derby for ten men; of the town of Briggesnorth’ Bridgnorth for six men; of the town of Neuport’ Newport for four men; of the town of Abyndon Abingdon for ten men; of the town of Bodemynia Bodmin for ten men; of the town of Launceneston Launceston for six men; of the town of Trewereu Truro for six men;

135.2

the bailiffs of the town of Lostwythiel Lostwithiel for six men; of the town of Cantuar’ Canterbury for 20 men; of the town of Lichefeld’ Lichfield for ten men; of the town of Welles Wells for ten men; of the town of Aylesbury for six men; of the town of Shaftesbury for four men; of the town of Baldok’ Baldock for four men; of the town of Redyng’ Reading for six men; of the town of Brackele’ Brackley for four men; of the town of Sanctus Ivo St Ives for four men; of the town of Sanctus Neotus St Neots for four men; of the town of Bathe Bath for ten men; of the town of Dorcestr’ Dorchester for six men; of the town of Briggewater Bridgwater for ten men; of the town of Taunton for ten men; of the town of Toteneys Totnes for six men; of the town of Barnestaple Barnstable for six men; of the town of Farnham for six men; of the town of Alton for four men; of the town of Alresford for four men; of the town of Derteford Dartford for four men; of the town of Cicestr’ Chichester for ten men;

135.3

the bailiffs of the town of Ely for six men; of the town of Rameseye Ramsey for six men; of the town of Bannebury Banbury for ten men; of the town of Sar’ Salisbury for 40 men; of the city of Roff’ Rochester for six men; of the town of Maydenstane Maidstone for four men; of the town of Bukyngham Buckingham for six men; of the town of Circestr’ Cirencester for eight men; of the town of Stafford for ten men; of the town of Burton’ super Trentam Burton upon Trent for four men; of the town of Wycombe for six men; of the town of Colecestr’ Colchester for six men; of the town of Sanctus Botho’ Boston for ten men; of the town of Marlebergh’ Marlborough for six men; of the town of Hungerford for four men; of the town of Neubiry Newbury for four men; of the town of Henle Henley for four men; of the town of Walyngford’ Wallingford for four men; of the town of Neweton Newton for four men; of the town of Shirbourn’ Sherborne for four men; of the city of Cestr’ Chester for 20 men.

136

1 June 1337 . Staunford' Stamford .

Order to the bailiffs of the town of Crux Roesia Royston that they are to select two of the four men that they were assigned to select without delay, and being well armed they are to be sent to Portesmuth’ Portsmouth by 8 July next to go in the king’s service and at his wages together with other faithful subjects. The mayor and bailiffs were assigned to select the men, and to ensure that they were suitably armed with haketons, well burnished bascinets and spears, and that they should be sent to Portsmouth by the fifteenth of June, but the king has been given to understand that they are remiss and lacking in ardour, and have selected insufficient men. The king supersedes his order for the other two men that the bailiffs were assigned to select until he commands otherwise.

By K.

In the same way it is now ordered to the following mayors and bailiffs of cities and towns to select a certain number of men from the greater numbers of men previously selected for the king’s service, under the same date:

136.1

the mayor and sheriff of London from the 500, 200 men;

136.3
136.6
136.7

the mayor and bailiffs of Leyc’ Leicester from 30, twelve men;

136.8
136.10
136.11
136.12
136.13
136.15

the bailiffs of Worcs Evesham from eight, four men;

136.16

the bailiffs of Teukesbury Tewkesbury from six, three men;

136.17
136.19

the bailiffs of Spaldyng Spalding from eight, four men;

136.20

the bailiffs of Newerk’ Newark from ten, four men;

136.21

the bailiffs of Waltham from six, three men;

136.22
136.24
136.26
136.27

the bailiffs of the town of Taunton from ten, five men.

For the speedy advancement of ships to Portsmouth.

137

Order to Guy Brian , William de la Roche , John de Alwene and Wolles Richard de Wells, chamberlain of Suth Wall’ South Wales that upon pain of forfeiture that the ships that they were assigned to arrest in the Severne Severn and in all places and ports from Bristoll' Bristol to South prepared for war, and with men and victuals and other necessaries together with hurdles, gangways and other necessaries for the shipment of horses be brought to Portesmuth’ Portsmouth by 8 July next to go in the king’s service together with other ships of the realm for the defence and salvation of the same realm. Brian and the others were assigned to arrest the ships of 30 tons or more and prepare them for war. They were to select mariners and other men, well and sufficiently armed, selecting the same in the same ports. The ships were to be at Portsmouth by 15 June. The chamberlain is ordered to pay the expenses of the masters and mariners going to Portsmouth by the advice of his council from the issues of his bailiwick and from other monies delivered to him.

By K.

In the same way it is ordered to the following who were previously assigned to arrest ships in the following ports, excepting that clause volumus above, namely:

137.3

Reynold de Cobham , Ponynges Thomas de Poynings , Geoffrey de Say , Robert de Watford, clerk – in the port of London and other places in the river of Thamis’ Thames and each port and places from the mouth of the Thames along the coast as far as Portland .

138

12 May 1337 . Ebor' York . For the arrest of the ships diverted away from the realm after the prohibition .

Order to Baa Thomas de Bath to execute their assignment and to certify the king of the names of those taken and arrested from the counties of Kant’ Kent , Sussex , Sutht’ Hampshire , Somers’ Somerset , Dors’ Dorset , Devon , Cornwall and Gloucestr’ Gloucestershire and of their goods and chattels seized under his seal. Bath was assigned to enquire by the oath of Kant’ good and law-worthy men of the counties of Kent , Sussex , Sutht' Hampshire , Somers’ Somerset , Dors’ Dorset , Devon , Cornwall and Gloucestr’ Gloucestershire of the ships of the ports of these counties that departed to foreign parts after the arrests and inhibitions, to which ports they went, for what time and with what merchandise and things, and of the names of the owners and masters of the ships, and for all owners of ships that did so depart after the inhibition and without the king’s licence to be arrested and taken and delivered to the sheriffs in whose bailiwicks they were taken and kept safely in prison. They were not to be delivered from prison, and their lands, tenements, goods and chattels were to be seized into the king’s hand and kept safe. The sheriffs of those counties have been ordered to summon the juries and to be obedient to and intendant upon Bath, and to advise and aid him. The letters patent assigning others to arrest the ships and prepare them, and to inquire into those ships that ignored the inhibition are revoked. Certain faithful subjects were assigned to arrest the ships of 40 tons or more, and those of 30 tons and more in the counties of Kent, Sussex, Hampshire, Somerset, Dorset, Devon, Cornwall and Gloucestershire and prepare them for war, and the greater ships for carrying horses. The ships were to be at Portesmuth’ Portsmouth by 28 May to go with other ships in defence of the realm. This was subsequently delayed until 15 June. Bath was assigned to supervise this preparation, seeing that they were suitably armed and equipped, and with victuals as far as Portsmouth. He was granted powers of arresting and taking all those who he will find refuse to obey the orders, and committing them to prison where they are to remain until further orders are received. The king has learned that, notwithstanding the arrests and inhibitions and the penalty of forfeiture, ships of the Cinque Ports and other ports and places have departed to foreign parts.

By K.

139

1 June 1337 . Staunford' Stamford . For the selecting of men in Lenn’ Lynn for a certain galley .

Letters of intendancy to the sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk and the other bailiffs and faithful subjects, in favour of Melchebourn’ Thomas de Melchbourne and Melchebourn’ William de Melchbourne of Lynn who have been assigned to select 100 men in the county, suitably armed, for the manning of a galley called la Phelippe , that, together with other ships prepared for war were to take and bring back Henry [Burghersh], bishop of Lincoln , Monte Acuto William de Montague, Sar’ earl of Salisbury and William de Clynton, Hunt earl of Huntingdon and other envoys for the expedition of certain difficult matters touching the realm. They are to be intendant on them and aid them.

By K.

To enquire of which ships diverted to Scotland after the inhibitions.

140

30 May 1337 . Staunford' Stamford .

Order to Surteys Thomas Surtees , Heppescotes Thomas de Hepscott and Adam atte Bowes to execute their assignment and to certify the king of the names of those taken and arrested from the port of Kyngeston super Hull’ Kingston upon Hull as far north as the town of Berewicus super Twedam Berwick-upon-Tweed , and of their goods and chattels seized under their seals. Surtees and the others had been assigned to enquire by the oath of good and law-worthy men of those parts and places of the ships of the ports and places departed to foreign parts or to Scotland in succour of the enemy after the arrests and inhibitions, to which parts they went, for what time and with what merchandise and things, and of the names of the owners, masters and mariners of the ships, and that all owners and masters of ships that did so depart after the inhibition and without the king’s licence be arrested and taken and committed to prison, and their lands and tenements, goods and chattels both in liberties and without were to be seized into the king’s hand and kept safe. The Ebor’ sheriffs of Yorkshire and Northumbr’ Northumberland have been ordered to summon the juries and to receive those taken and arrested in prison. The king assigned certain faithful subjects to arrest ships and inhibit owners, masters and mariners of those ships under pain of forfeiture from going overseas, but the king has been given to understand that, notwithstanding the arrests and inhibitions many ships from the ports and places from Kingston upon Hull have gone north with victuals and other things, both to foreign parts and Scotland in succour of the Scottish enemy.

By K.

In the same way the following are assigned in the following places:

140.1

Same as above

Master John de Langtoft and John de Trehampton – from the port of Kyngeston super Hull’ Kingston upon Hull , and in each and every port and place as far as Lenn’ Lynn .

140.2

For attending to the arrest of ships.

141

12 May 1337 . Ebor' York .

Order to the sheriff of Sutht’ Hampshire to attend to the selecting of the carpenters, smiths and other workers and the making of the hurdles, gangways and other necessaries, and all other omissions, and ropes, canvas, iron, stables, iron rings and other necessaries for the shipping of horses in his bailiwick without any delay, and providing timber and wood for the making of the hurdles and gangways from his bailiwick. And if the issues of the sheriff’s bailiwick are not sufficient, that having paid the usual payment of the workers, and met the rest of the urgent costs as far as the sheriff can, he is to assign that they be paid on the 1 August at London to receive the payment according to indentures that the king wished to be made in due form between the sheriff and them to be paid by certain people delegated to do it. Certain faithful subjects were assigned by letters patent to arrest all ships of 30 tons or more in each port and place in Hampshire and other ports and places where they can be found, and prepare them for war, manning them with mariners and others sufficiently armed, and providing them with victuals, and with hurdles, gangways and all other things necessary for shipping horses. The ships were to be at Portesmuth’ Portsmouth by 15 June next to go with other ships in defence of the realm. The sheriff was ordered to be intendant on, advise and aid those who had been assigned, and to select carpenters and smiths and other workers for the making of hurdles, gangways and other things necessary for the shipment of horses, and that the workers attend to the making of the same. The king has learned that the sheriff has been lacking in ardour in the execution of the matters assigned to him.

By K.

In the same way it is ordered to the following sheriffs:

Entreaty to supervise the ships and to provide hurdles etc.

142

17 May 1337 . Ebor' York .

Order to Fraunk William Frank and Donyngton Reynold de Donnington, clerk , that they carefully and diligently labour around the arraying and arming of the ships that they were assigned to arrest and prepare, and the provision of hurdles, gangways and other necessaries for the shipping of horses. Frank and Donnington were assigned to arrest the ships, supervise their preparation for war and the making of the hurdles, gangways and other necessaries, and have the ships at Portesmuth’ Portsmouth by 15 June next to go in the service of the king in defence of the realm. The sheriffs in the counties where Frank and Donnington have been assigned to arrest ships have been ordered to be intendant on and obedient to them both in providing hurdles, gangways and other things necessary for the shipping of horses to be paid for from the issues of their bailiwicks, and in the making and array of the ships.

By K. They were patent.

Similar writs should be directed to the following:

143

20 May 1337 . Ebor' York . For the speedy sending of ships to Portsmouth .

Letters of intendancy to Thomas [of Brotherton], Norff’ earl of Norfolk , and marshal of England , uncle of the king, Chepstowe lord of Chepstow , or his lieutenant, and to his bailiffs and ministers, in favour of Guy Brian , William de la Rothe , John de Alwene and Welles Richard de Wells, chamberlain of Suth Wall’ South Wales who were assigned to arrest and prepare all ships of 30 tons or more in the river Severn , and in each port and place along the coast from Bristoll' Bristol to South Wales , and in South Wales, and to man, victual and sufficiently arm them provide hurdles, gangways and all other things necessary for the shipping of horses. The ships were to be at Portesmuth’ Portsmouth by 15 June next to go with other ships of the realm in defence of the realm. It has been intimated to the king that the earl and his lieutenant, receiving the order and inspecting it did not wish to obey the mandate or allow the arrest of ships within the earl’s lordship without a special order from the king in contempt of the king and to the peril of the realm. If the earl and his lieutenant will still not admit them then Brian and the others have been ordered that they are to enter and execute the mandate as they consider expedient with the aid of the justiciar of South Wales and the posse of his bailiwick. They are to be intendant on, advise and aid Brian and the others, and the earl and his lieutenant are to be in Chancery on 3 June next in person to answer for the contempt and to do and receive what the king’s court considers in the matter, and he is to bring the writ with him.

By K.

144

3 June 1337 . Staunford' Stamford . Cancellation of the order to send some men to Portsmouth.

Cancellation to the mayor and bailiffs of the town of Notingham Nottingham of an order to select twenty men in the town, suitably armed with haketons, well burnish bascinets and spears and to send them to Portesmuth’ Portsmouth by 15 June next to go in the king’s service at his wages as it has been attested that they have sent 20 men suitably armed in the king’s service to Scotland in the company of Bello Campo, de Thomas de Beauchamp, Warrewyk’ earl of Warwick , the captain and leader going to those parts.

By K. and C.

For providing victuals if they have not already been provided.

145

1 June 1337 . Staunford' Stamford .

Order to the Norff’, Suff’ sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk and Thomas de Grove to provide the victuals and corn which they were ordered to buy and provide for the fleet by letters patent if they have not already provided the same. They are to deliver the same to Dunstaple William de Dunstable , receiver of money and victuals for the passage of the northern fleet , by indenture made between them and Dunstable. It is ordered that if the issues of the sheriff’s bailiwick are not sufficient to pay for the victuals then the sheriff is to assign a day to those who have not been paid for the victuals to receive payment from people delegated to make it at the exchequer on 23 July according to indentures which the king wishes to be made in due form between the sheriff and them. They are granted the powers to arrest contrariants and rebels who impede the business.

By K. Patent.

In the same way it is ordered to the following under the same date:

146

3 June 1337 . Staunford' Stamford . For money to be paid to the admiral .

Order to the keeper of the bishopric of Norwicus Norwich , being vacant and in the king’s hand that he pay 100 m . from the issues of the bishopric to Ros John de Roos, admiral of the northern fleet upon his expenses and those of his men-at-arms going in his company in the king’s service in the fleet. He is to receive from Roos, his letters of acquittance attesting the receipt of the money. The keeper is to have due allowance in his account at the exchequer.

By K.

For the sending of archers to Great Yarmouth

147

2 June 1337 . Staunford' Stamford .

Order to the selecters and arrayers of archers in Essex that 140 of the 160 archers that they were ordered to select and array in the county, should be led as far as Magna Jernemuth’ Great Yarmouth at the cost of the county as far as going there and for four days afterwards so that they be well armed and provided with victuals and at Great Yarmouth by 22 June to go with Ros John de Roos, admiral of the northern fleet of ships in the king’s service. The king has learned that many of the Scottish enemy have gone on the sea in galleys to the great harm of the king’s subjects, and also posed a threat to a messenger sent on the king’s business overseas, forcing him to return for which Roos has been ordered to go with certain ships in the king’s service.

By K.

In the same way it is ordered to the following:

148

2 June 1337 . Staunford' Stamford . For the livery of victuals for the mariners .

Order to Dunstaple William de Dunstable, receiver of money and victuals for the passage of the northern fleet of ships that he deliver the victuals both for the 100 men-at-arms and the 300 archers going in those ships in the king’s service, and the mariners of the fleet who are poor and have nothing of their own to live on, and also flags, banners and standards of various arms, and bows, arrows, caltrops, shields and other necessaries for the arming of the ships according to the advice of Ros John de Roos, admiral of the fleet , by indentures due to be completed. And for this Dunstable is to receive due allowance in his account at the exchequer. Roos has been ordered to go to sea in the king’s service with ships prepared for war.

By K.

149

1 June 1337 . Staunford' Stamford . For the same .

Order to John de Watenhull, receiver of certain monies and victuals for the expenses of certain faithful subjects going on the sea , to pay from the money in his custody to the masters, mariners and other men at Portesmuth’ Portsmouth going in the king’s service on the sea a reasonable payment on their expenses by the advice of the admiral of the eastern fleet or of the leaders of the ships by indenture made between them and the admiral or leaders. Watenhull is to receive due allowance in his account.

By K. and C.

150

10 May 1337 . Ebor' York . For payment for the construction of a galley .

Order to John de Watenhull, receiver of certain monies and victuals for the expenses of certain faithful subjects going on the sea for the defence of the realm , from the monies in his custody to pay Padyham Stephen de Padiham of Wynchelse Winchelsea 80 l. for the construction of a galley, Bacoun William Bacon of Dertemuth’ Dartmouth 100 l. in payment of his expenses for mariners with their ships going in Bacon’s company in the king’s service, and to the Sutht’ sheriff of Hampshire 20 l. for hurdles, gangways and other necessaries provided for the ships. He is to receive acquittances testifying to the receipt of the money from Padiham, Bacon and the sheriff. Watenhull is to receive due allowance in his account.

By K. and C.

For the having at Portsmouth.

151

Order to the Cornub’ sheriff of Cornwall that all the money collected by him and others in Cornwall for the provision of victuals for the ships arrested in the ports of that county and their preparation for war to be sent to Portesmuth’ Portsmouth to go in the king’s service, should be had at Portsmouth by 8 July and delivered to Stephen le Blount, receiver of victuals for the passage of the fleet of ships congregated there , contrary mandates of the king notwithstanding.

By K. and C.

The same way it is ordered to the following sheriffs:

152

19 June 1337 . Clyve King's Cliffe . For the arrest of ships at Portsmouth .

Letters of intendancy to all and every sheriffs, mayors, bailiffs, ministers and also masters and mariners of every ship of the fleet that was ordered to congregate at Portesmuth’ Portsmouth for the king’s service for the king’s and his faithful subjects’ passage, and to his other faithful subjects, in favour of John de Watenhull 1 and Robert de Watford , the king having assigned them to arrest all ships of 30 tons or more coming to Portsmouth and to keep them safely there until the coming of the king and his faithful subjects there, or until they are otherwise ordered. None of the ships are to leave the port until the king’s coming there, and Watenhull and Watford are given full power to take any ships attempting to leave after the arrest into the king’s hand without a special order of the king, and the ship to forfeit to the king’s use, and the masters and mariners to be arrested and kept safely in prison until the king orders otherwise. They are to be intendant on and answer Watenhull and Watford when they will be warned to on the king’s behalf.

By K.

1.
John de Watenhull, known as receiver of the wages of troops arrayed along the south coast, see Ormrod, W. M., Edward III (Yale UP, 2012), p. 188, n. 45.
153

15 June 1337 . Berewicus super Twedam Berwick-upon-Tweed . For money to be paid to the admiral sicut alias .

Order to the Norwici keeper of the bishopric of Norwich , being vacant and in the king’s hand that he pay the 100 m. from the issues of the bishopric to Ros John de Roos, admiral of the northern fleet , upon his expenses and those of his men at arms going in his company in the king’s service in the fleet as he was previously ordered without delay, any assignment from the issues made by the king’s mandate notwithstanding. The king has come to understand that the keeper has refused to pay the money so that the departure of the fleet is totally prevented. He is to receive from Roos, his letters of acquittance attesting the receipt of the money. The keeper is to have due allowance in his account at the exchequer.

By K.

154

20 June 1337 . Clyve King's Cliffe . Of money to be delivered to James de Stafford and others .

Order to Somervill Philip de Somerville to pay the sums of money levied and collected by him from the community of the county of Staffordshire , and deliver the cloth in his possession to James de Stafford , Menill Hugh de Meynell , Malcolm le Wasteneys , Roger de Aston and Barynton Thomas de Barrington for the arming, arraying and wages, and the clothing of the 220 archers that they have been assigned to select in the same county for the greater profit of the king and his people of the same county. This he is to do by indenture with them without delay so that the departure of the archers in the king’s service is not delayed. Somerville was assigned with John de Swynnerton to select 2,000 men suitably armed in Staffordshire except the town of Stafford , and thus armed and arrayed to go with other men for the defence of the realm. The community of the county have complained that on pretext of this assignment, that Somerville has collected various sums of money from the men of the county for the arming and arraying of the 2,000 men, and cloth for the clothing, though the men have not yet gone in the king’s service. The king wishes that the payment and delivery be made to Stafford and the others who were assigned to select the archers in the county, except the towns of Stafford, Lich’ Lichfield and Burton super Trentam Burton upon Trent , and to lead them to Portesmuth’ Portsmouth to go in the king’s service with other men, to be used for arming, arraying, for the wages and clothing of the archers in discharge of the county.

By C.

155

20 June 1337 . Staunford' Stamford . For the sending of ships to bring the king’s envoys back .

Order to Ros John de Roos, admiral of the northern fleet to go with 40 well armed ships of the larger and stronger warships to be assembled at la Rode de Seint Nicholas and la Rode de Kirkele Kirkley Road these being part of the ships ordered to Magna Jernemuth’ Great Yarmouth and other ports of Roos’ jurisdiction, as quickly as he can and go to Durdraght’ Dordrecht in Holand’ Holland personally, so that he is there with the ships by 30 June 1337 next to bring the king's envoys safely back to England. The king has sent Henry [de Burghersh], bishop of Lincoln , Monte Acuto William de Montague, Sar’ earl of Salisbury and William de Clynton, Huntyngdon earl of Huntingdon , overseas to execute certain difficult and urgent business, and having done so wish to return, and the king has understood that certain aliens and pirates have assembled ships and galleys to ambush and capture them. Roos is given full powers of taking all those whom he will find refuse to obey the orders, and committing them to prison where they are to remain until further orders are received.

By K.

156

Same as above

And it is ordered to the bailiffs and good men of the town of Magna Jernemuth’ Great Yarmouth to be intendant on and aid John [de Roos] with the ships of the town going as above. The residue of the ships of the town should be prepared and armed for war according to the mandates of the king directed to them.

By K.

157

26 June 1337 . Staunford' Stamford . For the arrest of certain men of the towns of Agen and Marmande .

Order to the sheriffs and all other bailiffs, ministers and faithful subjects to advise and aid Giliam Ramon-Guilhem and Dinaco Gaucem d'Ignac as often as they request it, thay having been assigned to arrest certain men of Agen and Marmande of the duchy who have conducted themselves wrongly and unfaithfully against the king and who have come to England, and to keep them safe and secure in prison, and seizing their goods and chattels into the king’s hand until they are otherwise ordered.

By K.

For superseding the order for the arming of men.

158

31 May 1337 . Staunford' Stamford .

Cancellation to William Tracy and Cirencestr’ Walter de Cirencester of an order to select 200 archers in Glouc’ Gloucestershire , the towns of Glouc’ Gloucester , Bristoll' Bristol , Cirencestr’ Cirencester and Teukesbury Tewkesbury excepted, arm them with bows, arrows and other arms according to their status, and lead them to Portesmuth’ Portsmouth by 15 June. The order is superseded until otherwise ordained, and any sums that they have levied to arm the archers should be entirely restored without delay. The king wishes that Berkele Thomas de Berkeley and Bello Campo Giles de Beauchamp should continue to select 200 men in Gloucestershire and the Dene forest of Dean according to the form of their commission.

By K. and C.

159

1 June 1337 . Staunford' Stamford .

Cancellation to the mayor, bailiffs and good men of the town of Bristoll' Bristol of the order to select 80 foot soldiers from the town, arm them with haketons, well burnished bascinets, spears and other suitable arms, and send them to Portesmuth’ Portsmouth for the king’s service by 15 June. This is done so that the departure of the men of the town to sea in the ships of the town in the king’s service, as was commanded, is not delayed.

By K.

160

Same as above Entreaty to select and lead men .

Order to Langeton John de Langton, kt , Broun William Brown, kt , John de Avene, kt , Howell Hywel ap Hywel, kt , Gruffudd Dun and Norreis John Norris upon pain of forfeiture to select according to their assignment the 400 foot soldiers in the king’s land of Irthenfeld’ Archenfield and in other lands of the king in South Wales , within the cantref of Baghun and within the Buelt lordship of Buellt belonging to the king’s kinswoman, Alice de Lacy, countess of Lincoln , lady of Bueltt , namely 200 men in Archenfield, and 200 in the other parts, and of these two parts being archers and the remainder armed with spears. If any of the men is not sufficient then they are to select others from the same places. The men are to be led to Portesmuth’ Portsmouth by 8 July next. Langton and the others were assigned to select the men and suitably arm them with bows and arrows, and with spears, and ap Hywel was to lead them to Portsmouth by 14 June next but the king has understood that they are remiss and lacking in ardour, and have selected insufficient men.

By K.

161

1 June 1337 . Staunford' Stamford . For being intendant .

Letters of intendancy to Alice de Lacy, countess of Lincoln , Buelt’ lady of Buellt , in favour of Langeton John de Langton, kt , Broun William Brown, kt , John de Avene, kt , Howell Hywel ap Hywel, kt , Gruffudd Dun and Norreis John Norris and to keep contrariants and rebels that they deliver to her in prison until otherwise commanded. Langton and the others have been ordered upon pain of forfeiture to select according to their assignment the 400 foot soldiers in Lacy’s Builth lordship of Buellt , the cantref of Baghum , and the king’s land of Irthenfeld’ Archenfield and in other lands of the king in South Wales , and of these two parts being archers and the remainder armed with spears. If any of the men is not sufficient then they are to select others from the same places. The men are to be led to Portesmuth’ Portsmouth by 8 July next. Langton and the others were assigned to select the men and suitably arm them with bows and arrows, and with spears, and ap Hywel was to lead them to Portsmouth by 14 June next but the king has understood that they are remiss and lacking in ardour, and have selected insufficient men. She is to be intendant on, advise and aid them as often as they request it, this being done for the king’s honour and the defence of the realm.

By K.

In the same way it is ordered to the following:

162

18 June 1337 . Berewicus super Twedam Berwick-upon-Tweed . For the appointing of someone in the place of John Dengayne to lead men .

Order to John Dengayne that if his infirmity prevents him from acting as assigned, then he should appoint a suitable person from the men at arms that he was assigned to raise, to array the archers and lead them as far as Portesmuth’ Portsmouth together with Bassyngburn’ Humphrey Bassingbourn and Bassyngburn’ John de Bassingbourn . Dengayne was assigned with Humphrey de Bassingbourn to select 70 archers in Cantebr’ Cambridgeshire , the towns of Cantebr’ Cambridge , Ely and Sanctus Neotus St Neots excepted, and arm them with bows and arrows and other arms according to their status, and thus well and sufficiently armed lead them to Portsmouth so that they are there by 15 June to go with Dengayne, Humphrey Bassingbourn and other faithful subjects of the king at the King’s wages. Afterwards, because they had selected less sufficient archers, Dengayne and Humphrey Bassingbourn were ordered to select other foot soldiers and archers